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Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • The Dead Sea Scrolls contain genetic clues to their origins

    06/04/2020 10:35:01 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Science News ^ | June 2, 2020 | Bruce Bower
    Rechavi's group obtained DNA from minuscule bits that either fell off or were removed from 26 Dead Sea Scroll fragments. Those samples contained no writing. After excluding DNA left by people who had handled the scrolls, the scientists identified DNA of animals used to make the ancient parchments. All fragments were made of sheepskin except for two made from cow skin... Four Qumran fragments from the Hebrew Bible's book of Jeremiah likely came from two different versions of that book, the investigators find. Two sheepskin fragments belonged to one book and two cow skin fragments belonged to another. Cows couldn't...
  • Deultum Roman colony near Burgas had port

    06/01/2020 7:35:47 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Bulgarian National Radio ^ | May 25, 2020 | Radio Bulgaria News
    Archaeologists from the Deultum-Debelt National Archaeological Reserve near Bulgaria's Burgas have discovered the first written evidence that the Roman colony Deultum had a port, BGNES reported. The inscription was found on limestone sarcophagus, dating from the II-III century AD. Experts say that the inscription, which is in Greek, proves that today's Debelt was a port town. Deultum is the oldest Roman colony in the Bulgarian lands. It was established in the 1st century AD, immediately after the Jewish-Roman War and is located at the mouth of today's river Sredetska, which flows into the Burgas Bay. The port town was of...
  • Japan was likely writing centuries earlier than record suggests

    05/28/2020 3:27:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    The Asahi Shimbun ^ | May 22, 2020 | Kenji Shimizu / Staff Writer
    Yasuo Yanagida, a visiting professor of archaeology at Kokugakuin University, argues in his latest paper that more than 150 stone artifacts dating from the Yayoi Pottery Culture Period (1000 B.C.-A.D. 250) and the Kofun Period (third to seventh century) he examined could, in fact, be writing tools... In 2016, an ink slab from the latter half of the Yayoi Period (first to second century) was unearthed at the Mikumo-Iwara archaeological site in Itoshima, Fukuoka Prefecture. That site is said to have been the capital of Itokoku, a community written about in the ancient Chinese historical document "Gishiwajinden," which recorded encounters...
  • When the Romans turned Jerusalem into a pagan city, Jews revolted and minted this coin

    05/24/2020 3:08:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 50 replies
    Live Science ^ | 18 May 2020 | Laura Geggel
    Archaeologists in Israel have discovered a rare coin minted about 1,900 years ago, when the Jewish people revolted against Roman occupation, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced (IAA) last week. The bronze coin is so rare, that out of 22,000 coins found in archaeological excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem, just four are from the revolt, known as the Bar Kokhba revolt, Donald Tzvi Ariel, head of the Coin Department at the IAA, said in a statement. A cluster of grapes and the inscription, "Year Two of the Freedom of Israel," appear on one side of the coin, and on...
  • Fake Dead Sea Scrolls Exposed: A new study sponsored by the Museum of the Bible reveals that the 16 fragments in their collection are fake

    05/21/2020 7:18:16 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | March 16, 2020 | Biblical Archaeology Society Staff
    The Museum of the Bible holds 16 fragments of reputed Dead Sea Scrolls in their collection. On Friday, March 13, 2020, a study revealed that all 16 of these are modern forgeries. Already in 2018, a different study had tested five of the 16 fragments and concluded that they were fakes. The new study -- which was conducted by Art Fraud Insights, led by the art fraud investigator Colette Loll, and funded by the Museum of the Bible -- analyzed all 16 fragments. Through a series of physical and chemical tests, Loll and her team determined that the fragments had...
  • Dead Sea Scroll fragments thought to be blank reveal text

    05/19/2020 9:27:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    University of Manchester ^ | May 15, 2020 | News & Media Relations Officer Joe Stafford
    Unlike the recent cases of forgeries assumed to be Dead Sea Scrolls fragments, all of these small pieces were unearthed in the official excavations of the Qumran caves, and were never passed through the antiquities market. In the 1950s, the fragments were gifted by the Jordanian government to Ronald Reed, leather expert at the University of Leeds, so he could study their physical and chemical composition. It was assumed that the pieces were ideal for scientific tests, as they were blank and relatively worthless. These were studied and published by Reed and his student John Poole, and then stored safely...
  • Passed By for Decades, Clarence Thomas Is a New Symbol of the Trump Era

    05/18/2020 1:19:17 PM PDT · by DUMBGRUNT · 6 replies
    DNYUZ ^ | 18 May 2020
    He was the subject of a recent book, “The Enigma of Clarence Thomas,” which led to a flurry of articles and book reviews on his life and legal thought. A new biographical documentary, made by the conservative filmmaker Michael Pack, airs Monday on PBS. For the project, the justice spoke to filmmakers for 30 hours — an astounding feat for a jurist who once went 10 years without asking a question from the bench. “He would have never said, ‘Gee whiz, I should be an icon,’” said Helgi Walker, a lawyer at the firm Gibson Dunn who clerked for Justice...
  • British Museum says metal detectorists found 1,311 treasures last year

    05/16/2020 10:30:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    The Guardian ^ | St Pat's Day, Tuesday, March 17, 2020 | Mark Brown
    Take the Roman Britain coin, known as a radiate, found in Headbourne Worthy, Hampshire. "On the face of it, it looks a grotty old coin, which it is, I guess," said Lewis. But it helps tell the story of Carausius who declared himself emperor of Britain and northern Gaul between AD286-93, breaking away from the Roman empire. He was assassinated by his treasurer Allectus. The newly found coin is just one from an astonishing variety of nearly 4,000 which were struck during Carausius' reign. Other finds include a pure gold arm ring weighing 300g and dating from the eighth century...
  • Mysterious inscribed cubes discovered in river

    05/15/2020 8:37:51 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 43 replies
    The cubes were tiny - small enough to hold between the finger and thumb - and weighed 125g each. The symbols on them appeared to be some form of Sanskrit. Curious to know more, Read posted photographs of his discovery up on social media. "There were all sorts of stories flying around at first, the cubes really captured people's imaginations," he said. "What I learned is that they are Indian in origin and they show incantations for prayers which take effect when they are thrown in running water." Exactly how old the cubes are, however, continues to remain a mystery.
  • Lost for 2,000 years... Could this be the first portrait of Jesus?

    04/04/2011 7:26:13 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 27 replies ^ | updated at 3:04 PM on 4th April 2011 Read more: | By Lydia Warren
    After 2,000 years buried within a cave in the Holy Land, the features are barely distinct as that of a human face. But Bible historians are trying to determine whether this is the first ever portrait of Jesus Christ. They are investigating whether the picture, which can still just about be seen to depict a man wearing a crown of thorns, was created in Jesus’s lifetime by those who knew him. The portrait was found on a lead booklet, slightly smaller than a credit card, which lay undiscovered in a cave in a remote village in Jordan overlooking the Sea...
  • Is this the first ever portrait of Jesus?

    04/03/2011 10:23:10 AM PDT · by mandaladon · 65 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 3 Apr 2011 | Nick Pryer
    The incredible story of 70 ancient books hidden in a cave for nearly 2,000 years The image is eerily familiar: a bearded young man with flowing curly hair. After lying for nearly 2,000 years hidden in a cave in the Holy Land, the fine detail is difficult to determine. But in a certain light it is not difficult to interpret the marks around the figure’s brow as a crown of thorns. The extraordinary picture of one of the recently discovered hoard of up to 70 lead codices – booklets – found in a cave in the hills overlooking the Sea...
  • Is this the first ever portrait of Jesus?

    Is this the first ever portrait of Jesus? The incredible story of 70 ancient books hidden in a cave for nearly 2,000 yearsBy Nick Pryer Last updated at 12:15 PM on 3rd April 2011 The image is eerily familiar: a bearded young man with flowing curly hair. After lying for nearly 2,000 years hidden in a cave in the Holy Land, the fine detail is difficult to determine. But in a certain light it is not difficult to interpret the marks around the figure’s brow as a crown of thorns. The extraordinary picture of one of the recently discovered hoard...
  • Could lead codices prove ‘the major discovery of Christian history’?

    03/30/2011 5:36:35 PM PDT · by Islander7 · 56 replies
    Yahoo News ^ | March 30, 2011 | By Chris Lehmann
    British archaeologists are seeking to authenticate what could be a landmark discovery in the documentation of early Christianity: a trove of 70 lead codices that appear to date from the 1st century CE, which may include key clues to the last days of Jesus' life. As UK Daily Mail reporter Fiona Macrae writes, some researchers are suggesting this could be the most significant find in Christian archeology since the Dead Sea scrolls in 1947. The codices turned up five years ago in a remote cave in eastern Jordan—a region where early Christian believers may have fled after the destruction...
  • Could this be the biggest find since the Dead Sea Scrolls? Seventy metal books found..

    03/30/2011 9:07:25 AM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 207 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 03/30/11 | Fiona Macrae
    Could this be the biggest find since the Dead Sea Scrolls? Seventy metal books found in cave in Jordan could change our view of Biblical history By Fiona Macrae Last updated at 11:35 AM on 30th March 2011 For scholars of faith and history, it is a treasure trove too precious for price. This ancient collection of 70 tiny books, their lead pages bound with wire, could unlock some of the secrets of the earliest days of Christianity. Academics are divided as to their authenticity but say that if verified, they could prove as pivotal as the discovery of the...
  • Study reveals rich genetic diversity of Vietnam

    05/04/2020 2:04:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | April 28, 2020 | Joseph Caspermeyer, Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)
    The early settlement of anatomically modern humans in MSEA dates back to at least 65 thousand years ago (kya) and is associated with the formation of a hunter-gatherer tradition called Hoabinhian. Since the Neolithic period, which dates to about ~4,000-5,000 years ago, cultural transitions and diversification have happened multiple times.. ...Vietnam has a population size of more than 96 million people comprising 54 official ethnic groups; 110 languages are spoken in the country. To date, there are hundreds of ethnolinguistic groups in MSEA, speaking languages belonging to five major language families: Austro-Asiatic (AA), Austronesian (AN), Hmong-Mien (HM), Tai-Kadai (TK), and...
  • Ancient cave with distinguished engravings depicting scenes of animals discovered in Sinai

    05/04/2020 10:00:17 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Ahram Online ^ | Sunday 26 Apr 2020 | Nevine El-Aref
    An ancient cave decorated with distinguished engravings depicting scenes of animals has been discovered at Wadi Al-Zulma in North Sinai. "The newly discovered cave is the first of its kind to be discovered in the area," said Aymen Ashmawi, head of the ancient Egyptian antiquities sector at the Ministry of Antiquities. Ashmawi explained that the scenes carved inside the cave are completely different from those found in South Sinai, having a special artistic style that resembles raised relief in execution. Studies are underway to determine their date. Hisham Hussein, head of the discovery mission, said that most of the discovered...
  • Alfresco art gallery 'shows woolly mammoths and rhinos depicted by our ancestors 15,000 years ago'

    04/30/2020 6:52:06 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Siberian Times ^ | Friday, April 24, 2020 | reporter
    A new study by Russian and French researchers found new petroglyphs which helped the answer this conundrum. For example, at Baga-Oygur II was found the image of a long-gone woolly rhino. Most of the image is lost due to a rock slicing, but the animal is quite recognisable with an elongated, squat torso, short powerful legs, a characteristic tail, and an elongated muzzle with exaggeratedly enlarged two horns. This was useful because these animals - like mammoths - became extinct around 15,000 years ago in this region, making the drawings the work of Palaeolithic artists... The scientists also concluded that...
  • Diary of Samuel Pepys shows how life under the Bubonic Plague mirrored today’s pandemic

    04/25/2020 11:26:04 AM PDT · by MikelTackNailer · 46 replies
    The Conversation ^ | April 24, 2020 | Ute Lotz-Heumann
    <p>In early April, writer Jen Miller urged New York Times readers to start a coronavirus diary.</p> <p>“Who knows,” she wrote, “maybe one day your diary will provide a valuable window into this period.”</p> <p>During a different pandemic, one 17th-century British naval administrator named Samuel Pepys did just that. He fastidiously kept a diary from 1660 to 1669 – a period of time that included a severe outbreak of the bubonic plague in London. Epidemics have always haunted humans, but rarely do we get such a detailed glimpse into one person’s life during a crisis from so long ago.</p>
  • Human Figure Detected on 14,000-year-old Burial Slab in Israel

    04/24/2020 11:11:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies
    Haaretz ^ | April 19, 2020 | Ruth Schuster
    The slab lay over the remains of several individuals dating from 14,000 to 12,000 years ago, based on radiocarbon analysis of several of the skeletons. However, the remarkable image on the slab was only noticed some years after its discovery, while the stone was being carefully studied in the laboratories of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa, Haaretz has learned. The image on the slab is an extremely rare example of an identifiable human figure made by Natufians, the researchers say. The Natufian culture existed from about 15,000 to about 11,700 years ago, and spanned from...
  • Ben Jonson's encomium to William Shakespeare

    02/12/2006 9:46:35 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies · 283+ views
    The First Folio ^ | A.D. 1623 | Ben Jonson
    The First Folio To the memory of my beloved, The Author MR. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: and what he hath left us. [by Ben Jonson] ...Soule of the Age! The applause! delight! the wonder of our Stage! My Shakespeare, rise; I will not lodge thee by Chaucer, or Spenser, or bid Beaumont lye A little further, to make thee a roome:Thou art a Moniment, without a tombe, And art alive still, while thy Booke doth live, And we have wits to read, and praise to give. That I not mixe thee so, my braine excuses; I meane with great, but disproportion'd Muses:...