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Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • Listen To The World's Oldest-Known Melody (1400 BC)

    09/27/2016 10:12:31 AM PDT · by blam · 64 replies
    Fox News Science - Newser ^ | 9-27-2016 | Elizabeth Armstrong Moore
    Elizabeth Armstrong Moore September 27, 2016 In 1950, a collection of 29 tablets was discovered in the ruins of Ugarit, an ancient city in the northern region of present-day Syria, but only one had survived the intervening centuries well enough to be deciphered. Known as H6, the 3,500-year-old clay tablet revealed a simple hymn specifying the use of nine lyre strings and the intervals between them, much like an "ancient guitar tab," reports ClassicFM, which has recently picked up the story. The resulting melody, it says, isn't just the oldest discovered in the world, but "utterly enchanting." Musician and composer...
  • Ancient Iraqi harp reproduced by Liverpool engineers

    07/31/2005 12:01:10 AM PDT · by nickcarraway · 15 replies · 1,410+ views
    A team of engineers at the University of Liverpool has helped reproduce an ancient Iraqi harp – the Lyre of Ur Engineers from the University's Lairdside Laser Engineering Centre (LLEC) employed revolutionary laser technology to engrave authentic designs onto Gulf Shell (mother of pearl) – the original material used to decorate the body of the harp. Dr Carmel Curran, who carried out the work at the LLEC, commented: "This is the first time we have laser processed this type of material and the results are remarkable. It is fantastic to be involved in the recreation of such a piece of...

    10/29/2018 7:57:30 AM PDT · by DariusBane · 45 replies
    The People of one fire ^ | 15 March 2015 | Richard Thornton
    There are today eight living Muskogean languages, Alabama, Apalachee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Florida Seminole, Koasati, Miccosukee and Oklahoma Muskogee (Mvskoke). In the past, there were at least seven more Muskogean languages, but they are now extinct. Ironically, of all these surviving Muskogean languages, Muskogee is the most aberrant. In plain English, that means that Muskogee, the language for which the Muskogean Language Family was named, is the least similar to the other languages. The origin of Muskogee’s uniqueness is a Sherlock Holmes mystery that has yet to be solved.
  • Museum Of The Bible Says 5 Of Its Most Famed Artifacts Are Fake

    10/23/2018 8:48:30 AM PDT · by Blue House Sue · 24 replies
    NPR ^ | 10/23/18 | Emily Sullivan
    The Museum of the Bible said Monday that five of its 16 famous Dead Sea Scrolls fragments are fake. A team of German experts analyzed the privately funded Washington, D.C., museum's fragments and found they had "characteristics inconsistent with ancient origin." The fragments will no longer be displayed at the museum. "Though we had hoped the testing would render different results, this is an opportunity to educate the public on the importance of verifying the authenticity of rare biblical artifacts, the elaborate testing process undertaken and our commitment to transparency," said Jeffrey Kloha, chief curatorial officer for the museum, said...
  • Scientists found common genes in different peoples of the Ural language family

    10/18/2018 10:45:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 15, 2018 | AKSON Russian Science Communication Association
    The Ural family languages are the third after Indo-European and Turkic most common in Northern Eurasia. According to linguists, the Ural family languages were built from a single proto-language 6000-4000 years old, which was divided into two large branches: Finno-Ugric and Samoyed languages. Ural-speaking peoples live on giant territories from Baltics to West Syberia and include Finns and Estonians, Karelians and Hungarians, Mordovian Erzya and Moksha, West Siberian Khanty and Mansi, Nenets and others. Do this different peoples share common roots and biological history? And how did these related languages spread over such a wide territory? This questions are addressed...
  • 6th Century Roman Law Text Discovered ... Inside Parchment Recycled as Medieval Bookbinding [tr]

    10/17/2018 10:10:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Ancient Origins ^ | July 25, 2017 | Theodoros Karasavvas
    By combining two imaging techniques (visible hyperspectral imaging and x-ray fluorescence), a diverse team of Northwestern University researchers has developed a new technology that gives access to medieval texts hidden in parchment re-used for ancient book-bindings, as Live Science reported. The new technology is seen by researchers as truly innovative, as it can be used to help decipher the text under the surface of other bookbinding materials. "For generations, scholars have thought this information was inaccessible, so they thought, 'Why bother?'" the study's senior researcher, Marc Walton, a senior scientist at the Northwestern University-Art Institute of Chicago Center for Scientific...
  • A Timeworn Scroll Reveals King Henry VII's Interests in New World Colonization

    10/17/2018 9:49:40 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Ancient Origins ^ | October 6, 2018 | Ashley Cowie
    In AD 1499 England launched its very first English-led expedition to "Terra Nova" (New World) and now researchers studying a 16th century scroll have found King Henry VII awarded William Weston, one the explorers, with... the payment of 30 British pounds sterling... equivalent of a laborers salary for six years... The information was discovered on a huge parchment dating back more than 500 years and ultraviolet light was required to reveal the hidden text said study co-researcher Evan Jones, a senior lecturer in economic and social history at the University of Bristol in a report in Live Science. In 2009,...
  • 2,000-year-old inscription spells Jerusalem as Israel does today

    10/11/2018 12:25:38 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Art Daily ^ | Thursday, October 11, 2018 | Agence France-Presse
    Israel unveiled Tuesday a stone pillar engraved with an ancient inscription showing that the spelling of Jerusalem in its present-day Hebrew form was already in common use some 2,000 years ago. During construction work in February in Jerusalem, archaeologists unearthed the pillar with the inscription "Hananiah son of Dodalos of Jerusalem," written in Aramaic with Hebrew letters. The Hebrew spelling of the city -- pronounced Yerushalayim -- is the same today. The stone was originally part of a Jewish potter's village dating to the second century BC near Jerusalem. The site, now inside the city, became the Roman 10th Legion's...
  • Archeologists unearth 2000-year-old Hebrew 'Jerusalem' inscription

    10/12/2018 11:56:50 AM PDT · by SJackson · 8 replies
    The find is the first written evidence of the name "Jerusalem" found on a column drum dating from the Herodian period. The earliest written inscription of the word Jerusalem written in Hebrew on a 2,000 year old column drum was unveiled on Tuesday at a press conference at The Israel Museum in Jerusalem. The limestone column drum that dates back to the Second Temple period, was discovered 10 months ago on an excavation site near the International Convention Center in Jerusalem. The words: “Hanania son of Dudolos from Jerusalem” was etched on the column which was part of a building...
  • Rites of the Scythians

    07/09/2016 3:17:30 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Archaeology ^ | Monday, June 13, 2016 | Andrew Curry
    ...As he and his team began to slice into the mound, located 30 miles east of Stavropol... It took nearly a month of digging to reach the bottom. There, Belinski ran into a layer of thick clay that, at first glance, looked like a natural feature of the landscape, not the result of human activity. He uncovered a stone box, a foot or so deep, containing a few finger and rib bones from a teenager... Nested one inside the other in the box were two gold vessels of unsurpassed workmanship. Beneath these lay three gold armbands, a heavy ring, and...
  • Broad genetic variation on the Pontic-Caspian Steppe [Scythians]

    10/09/2018 12:49:12 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 3, 2018 | Stockholm University
    The genetic variation within the Scythian nomad group is so broad that it must be explained with the group assimilating people it came in contact with. This is shown in a new study on Bronze and Iron Age genetics of the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, situated in the Black Sea region... This is likely the strategy needed for the group to have been able to grow as fast, expand as vast and to remain established for as long as they did. The findings emphasize the importance of assimilation to maintain Scythian dominance around the Black Sea region... The vast area of the...
  • Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Language

    10/08/2018 6:15:43 PM PDT · by CondoleezzaProtege · 17 replies
    SpanishDict. ^ | Columbus Day | Nicole B.
    In the U.S., today is "Columbus Day". Not much is done to celebrate it, although most schools and government jobs have the day off. It occurred to me that in part, it is due to Spain and Queen Isabella, Christopher Columbus and the discoveries of the New World that has led most of us to even be interested in this site. Just think of how many millions of people speak Spanish now around the world as a result of this discovery. When you think of most of the continent of South America, Central America, Cuba, Puerto Rico, The Dominican Republic,...
  • An Iconographic Treasure Unearthed in Jordan

    10/03/2018 1:47:52 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    CNRS News ^ | October 21, 2018 | Philippe Testard-Vaillant
    ...this subterranean tomb of 52 m2... impressive number of figures (nearly 260, including gods, humans, and animals) painted on the walls of the largest chamber. Of course other Roman tombs from the Decapolis also offer sumptuous mythological decor, but none of them can hold a candle to this one in terms of iconography... Whoever entered the tomb, before it was closed, first glimpsed on his left banqueting deities lying on beds, and tasting offerings brought by humans smaller than themselves. Again to the left of the entrance, a second painting with a country landscape shows peasants busy working the earth...

    07/22/2004 1:12:20 PM PDT · by NYer · 31 replies · 2,182+ views
    Journal of Near Eastern Studies ^ | Rocco A. Errico and Michael J. Bazzi
    Aramaic was the language of Semitic peoples throughout the ancient Near East. It was the language of the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Hebrews and Syrians. Aram and Israel had a common ancestry and the Hebrew patriarchs who were of Aramaic origin maintained ties of marriage with the tribes of Aram. The Hebrew patriarchs preserved their Aramaic names and spoke in Aramaic.The term Aramaic is derived from Aram, the fifth son of Shem, the firstborn of Noah. See Gen. 10:22. The descendants of Aram dwelt in the fertile valley, Padan-aram also known as Beth Nahreen.The Aramaic language in Padan-aram remained pure, and in...
  • Does the Language You Speak Change Your Brain?

    10/02/2018 4:15:16 AM PDT · by Thistooshallpass9 · 77 replies
    A growing body of evidence shows that language doesn’t just give people a set of words to express their thoughts. It actually can have a heavy influence on those thoughts and on the behaviors they lead to. What would this mean for the thinking and behavior of a person who learns a “pure language”?
  • Prehistoric art hints at lost Indian civilisation

    10/01/2018 4:59:19 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    BBC ^ | Monday, October 1, 2018 | unattributed
    The rock carvings -- known as petroglyphs -- have been discovered in their thousands atop hillocks in the Konkan region of western Maharashtra. Mostly discovered in the Ratnagiri and Rajapur areas, a majority of the images etched on the rocky, flat hilltops remained unnoticed for thousands of years... animals, birds, human figures and geometrical designs are all depicted. The way the petroglyphs have been drawn, and their similarity to those found in other parts of the world, have led experts to believe that they were created in prehistoric times and are possibly among the oldest ever discovered. "Our first deduction...
  • 1,000 Ancient Letter Seals Found in Beit Guvrin National Park

    09/23/2018 3:17:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Jewish Press ^ | September 17, 2018 | JNi.Media
    The bullae were used in ancient times for the sealing of letters and scrolls written on papyrus. If a letter arrived with a broken bulla, it meant it had been opened. Unfortunately, those letters and scrolls did not survive through the 2,200 years that have passed, only the seals remained, to tell the story of the archive. Dr. Donald Zvi Ariel of the Israel Antiquities Authority, one of the world's leading experts on bullae, examined a group of 300 bullae and identified on the seal impressions figures of Greek gods such as Athena, Apollo and Aphrodite, as well as cornucopia,...
  • The Making of a Mysterious Renaissance Map

    10/24/2013 9:04:08 AM PDT · by Kartographer · 6 replies
    Yahoo News ^ | 10/24/13 | Tanya Lewis
    "The Carta marina is Waldseemüller’s most original creation," Van Duzer said. "He began his cartographic career by redrawing Ptolemy, but ended it by creating something entirely new, a mosaic image of the world with each stone of his own careful choosing."
  • Stones indicate earlier Christian link? (Possible Christians in China in 1st Century AD)

    12/22/2005 6:01:19 PM PST · by wagglebee · 56 replies · 1,892+ views
    China Daily ^ | 12/22/05 | Wang Shanshan
    One day in a spring, an elderly man walked alone on a stone road lined by young willows in Xuzhou in East China's Jiangsu Province. At the end of the road was a museum that few people have heard of. A Chinese theology professor says the first Christmas is depicted in the stone relief from the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220). In the picture above a woman and a man are sitting around what looks like a manger, with allegedly "the three wise men" approaching from the left side, holding gifts, "the shepherd" following them, and "the assassins" queued...
  • Traces of Iron Age wars found on double-skin wall

    09/23/2018 12:39:15 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Daily Sabah ^ | September 18, 2018 | Anadolu Agency
    Archeologists at Adana's Sirkeli Mound have uncovered a double-skin wall dating back to the Iron Age. Located in the city's Ceyhan district, the wall bears the traces of a war... The defensive wall and waterways were discovered at the lower city part of the mound... they have also discovered stores and seeds on the upper part of the mound. They date back to the Iron and Early Bronze Ages... Novak said they found the wall after geophysical and surface researches that were conducted in the lower city of the mound. Excavation works have started in the light of that data....