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Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • Researchers Solve Mystery of 1,800-Year-Old Basel Papyrus

    07/13/2018 4:18:58 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 10 replies
    Sci-news ^ | 7/13/18 | Enrico de Lazaro
    A team of scientists at the University of Basel, Switzerland, has discovered that a 1,800-year-old papyrus from the Basel Papyrus Collection is an ancient medical text from late antiquity and that it was likely written by the famous Roman physician Galen. The University Library in Basel possesses a collection of 65 papyri, mostly in Greek and several in Coptic, Hieratic and Latin. Less than half of this collection was published by Ernst Rabel in 1917 in Papyrusurkunden der Öffentlichen Bibliothek der Universität zu Basel. With mirror writing on both sides, one of the Basel papyri — dubbed P.Basel 1A —...
  • Viking treasure hoard yields astounding finds

    06/28/2002 5:47:42 PM PDT · by vannrox · 45 replies · 1,423+ views
    China Daily ^ | 06/24/2002 | Agencies via Xinhua
    Viking treasure hoard yields astounding finds 06/24/2002 STOCKHOLM: Four years ago, a farmer digging in his fields in Sweden's Baltic island of Gotland came across a Viking coin. He called a friend from the local museum, and together they soon uncovered another 150 Viking relics. But the crops growing in the fields hindered their work and they gave up. The following summer, with crops that year infected by lice, they resumed their search - and on July 16, 1999, came across the biggest Viking-period treasure hoard so far discovered. It had been lying there for about 1,100 years. The Spillings...
  • Homer Odyssey: Oldest extract discovered on clay tablet

    07/11/2018 3:09:09 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    BBC ^ | July 10, 2018 | unattributed
    Found near the ruined Temple of Zeus in the ancient city of Olympia, the tablet has been dated to Roman times. It is engraved with 13 verses from the poem recounting the adventures of the hero Odysseus after the fall of Troy. The tale was probably composed by Homer in the late 8th Century BC. It would have been handed down in an oral tradition for hundreds of years before the tablet was inscribed. The exact date of the tablet still needed to be confirmed, but its discovery was "a great archaeological, epigraphic, literary and historical exhibit", the Greek culture...
  • 'Homer can help you': War veterans use ancient epics to cope

    03/14/2018 7:26:17 AM PDT · by thecodont · 13 replies
    Associated Press via Stars and Stripes ^ | Published: March 14, 2018 | By WILSON RING
    BURLINGTON, Vt. — The trials of Odysseus are really not that different from the struggles of those learning to readjust after wars of today, modern veterans are finding. A small group of military veterans has been meeting weekly in a classroom at the University of Vermont to discuss "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey" for college credit — and to give meaning to their own experiences, equating the close-order discipline of men who fought with spears, swords and shields to that of men and women who do battle these days with laser-guided munitions. Homer isn't just for student veterans. Discussion groups...
  • Author Says a Whole Culture -- Not a Single 'Homer' -- Wrote 'Iliad,' 'Odyssey'

    01/05/2015 1:09:44 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 65 replies
    National Geographic ^ | January 4, 2015 | Simon Worrall
    In Why Homer Matters, historian and award-winning author Adam Nicolson suggests that Homer be thought of not as a person but as a tradition and that the works attributed to him go back a thousand years earlier than generally believed. Speaking from his home in England, Nicolson describes how being caught in a storm at sea inspired his passion for Homer, how the oral bards of the Scottish Hebrides may hold the key to understanding Homer's works, and why smartphones are connecting us to ancient oral traditions in new and surprising ways... About ten years ago, I set off sailing...
  • Rare US Declaration of Independence found in Sussex

    07/04/2018 10:52:29 AM PDT · by TaxPayer2000 · 25 replies
    inews ^ | July 3, 2018 | Anna Khoo
    One of only two ceremonial parchment copies of the American Declaration of Independence has been found in Sussex. The rare artefact was discovered neatly folded away in the West Sussex Records Office in Chicester, where it had been stored for more than 50 years before it was tracked down by Harvard University academics. After rigorous testing, the parchment has been certified as authentic – just in time for the 242nd anniversary of its signing on 4 July 1776. ‘Terrific news’ “This is such terrific news about the Sussex Declaration,” Louise Goldsmith, leader of West Sussex County Council, said. “We have...
  • Plagiarism Software Unveils a New Source for 11 of Shakespeare’s Plays

    02/18/2018 12:09:16 PM PST · by onedoug · 64 replies
    New York Times ^ | Feb 7 2108 | MICHAEL BLANDING
    For years scholars have debated what inspired William Shakespeare’s writings. Now, with the help of software typically used by professors to nab cheating students, two writers have discovered an unpublished manuscript they believe the Bard of Avon consulted to write “King Lear,” “Macbeth,” “Richard III,” “Henry V” and seven other plays. The news has caused Shakespeareans to sit up and take notice.
  • The real sound of Shakespeare? (Globe theatre performs Shakespeare's plays in Shakespeare's dialect)

    07/19/2005 10:36:29 AM PDT · by nickcarraway · 4 replies · 2,633+ views
    BBC News ^ | Joe Boyle
    Ever been baffled by the bard? Vexed by his verse? Or perplexed by his puns? London's Globe theatre thinks it has the answer: perform Shakespeare's plays in Shakespeare's dialect. In August the theatre will stage an "original production" of Troilus and Cressida - with the actors performing the lines as close to the 16th century pronunciations as possible. By opening night, they will have rehearsed using phonetic scripts for two months and, hopefully, will render the play just as its author intended. They say their accents are somewhere between Australian, Cornish, Irish and Scottish, with a dash of Yorkshire -...
  • Down to the last detail: How our ancestors with autistic traits led a revolution in Ice Age art

    06/03/2018 10:16:09 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    University of York ^ | Tuesday, May 15, 2018 | Department of Archaeology
    The ability to focus on detail, a common trait among people with autism, allowed realism to flourish in Ice Age art, according to researchers at the University of York. Around 30,000 years ago realistic art suddenly flourished in Europe. Extremely accurate depictions of bears, bison, horses and lions decorate the walls of Ice Age archaeological sites such as Chauvet Cave in southern France. Why our ice age ancestors created exceptionally realistic art rather than the very simple or stylised art of earlier modern humans has long perplexed researchers. Many have argued that psychotropic drugs were behind the detailed illustrations. The...
  • Remember That First-Century Mark Fragment? Now it’s been published, there’s good news and bad news.

    06/02/2018 5:38:46 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 40 replies
    Stand To Reason ^ | 06/01/2018 | Amy K. Hall
    Six years ago, Dan Wallace announced in a debate with Bart Ehrman that a paleographer had dated a recently-found papyrus fragment of Mark to the first century. Since then, I’ve received many requests for updates, and I finally have one to give. The fragment has now been published, and there’s good news and bad news. The bad news is that its official date is late second or early third century. Dan Wallace has written a post explaining what happened and offering an apology. Here’s a brief excerpt: In my debate with Bart, I mentioned that I had it on...
  • FYI: English isn't the official language of the United States

    05/20/2018 1:55:26 PM PDT · by sodpoodle · 74 replies
    MSN/CNN ^ | 5/20/2018 | Harmeet Kaur
    Aaron Schlossberg, a lawyer in New York, was caught on camera berating staff members of a restaurant for speaking Spanish with customers. A lot of multilingual countries promote an official language, but the United States has never done so with English. In fact, the US has no official language. "The Founding Fathers didn't see a need to declare one," Dr. Wayne Wright, a professor of language and literacy at Purdue University, told CNN. "English was pretty much the dominant language of the United States at the time and they didn't want to offend their fellow Americans who helped fight for...
  • Vowel Movement: How Americans near the Great Lakes are radically changing the sound of English

    08/24/2012 2:10:57 PM PDT · by JerseyanExile · 137 replies
    Slate ^ | August 22, 2012 | Rob Mifsud
    On July 4, 1960, the Eugene (Ore.) Register-Guard rang in Independence Day with a dire Associated Press report by one Norma Gauhn headlined “American Dialects Disappearing.” The problem, according to “speech experts,” was the homogenizing effect of “mass communications, compulsory education, [and] the mobility of restless Americans.” These conformist pressures have only intensified in the half-century since the AP warned “that within four generations virtually all regional U.S. speech differences will be gone.” And so as we enter the predicted twilight of regional American English, it’s no surprise that publications as venerable as the Economist now confirm what our collective...
  • Are these Neanderthal etchings a long-lost message?

    05/16/2018 10:21:01 AM PDT · by ETL · 79 replies ^ | May 8, 2018 | Laura Geggel, Senior Writer | LiveScience
    A Neanderthal seems to have left a message etched in stone about 35,000 years ago, a new study finds. An analysis of the slanted, zigzag lines — engraved on a piece of flint discovered at a Neanderthal site in Crimea — reveals that they likely weren't made willy-nilly. Rather, the Neanderthal artist would have needed excellent fine motor skills and attention to detail to etch the lines, which may carry symbolic meaning, the researchers said. If this new interpretation is correct, the engraved piece of flint will join a growing list of artifacts showing that Neanderthals were likely complex beings...
  • Discovery of early medieval royal stronghold in southwest Scotland [ the Picts ]

    07/27/2012 9:55:32 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 51 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Thursday, July 26, 2012 | unattributed
    Trusty's Hill, near Gatehouse of Fleet in Dumfries and Galloway, is best known for the Pictish Symbols carved into a natural rock outcrop at the fort's entrance. However, in recent years, many historians have begun to doubt whether these carvings were genuine, some even suggesting that the carvings are forgeries... As well as an abundance of domestic waste, including animal bones, stone and metal tools and a spindle whorl, from 'dark soil' occupation deposits sealed by the collapsed ramparts of the fort, the excavators recovered numerous crucible and clay mould fragments, metalworking debris and a variety of iron pins and...
  • Celestial Bronze Age disc recovered

    10/04/2002 2:27:44 AM PDT · by SteveH · 9 replies · 1,205+ views
    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung ^ | 10/4/2002 | Heidi Sylvester
    Oct. 4, 2002 Celestial Bronze Age disc recovered Sensational archaeological find from eastern Germany returned to safety after three years by Heidi Sylvester Journalists last week received their first opportunity to inspect the site where an Early Bronze Age disc with gold foil ornaments - perhaps the oldest cosmological picture ever found - was abruptly ripped from the earth three years ago by local looters. The archaeological sensation was unearthed in a forest near the village of Nebra in the eastern German state of Saxony-Anhalt. The site was located after one of a band of shady treasure hunters confessed where...
  • Bronze Age observatory to be rebuilt in Germany

    09/15/2002 3:17:14 PM PDT · by SteveH · 6 replies · 755+ views
    Bronze Age observatory to be rebuilt in Germany September 10, 2002, 20:15 Archaeologists hope to rebuild as a tourist attraction a Bronze Age observatory where ancient priests in Germany divined the right days to sow and harvest crops 3 600 years ago. They said the site on a hill in the middle of a forest is the world's oldest surviving astronomical observatory. The location has been kept secret so artefacts robbers will not disturb it, but the media are to be granted a first glimpse September 25. Treasure hunters stumbled on the site four years ago and dug up the...
  • Nebra sky disk discarded because of volcanic ash, scientists say By Aug 23, 2010, 15:49 GMT

    08/23/2010 4:41:32 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies · 1+ views
    Deutsche Presse-Agentur ^ | Monday, August 23, 2010 | Thomas Schoene
    A catastrophic volcanic eruption spewing huge clouds of ash about 3,600 years ago was behind the burial of the Nebra sky disk, one of the most spectacular archaeological finds in recent years, according to scientists at Mainz and Halle-Wittenberg universities in Germany. The 3,600-year-old disk, discovered in 1999 near the town of Nebra in the eastern German state of Saxony-Anhalt, is the oldest known representation of the night sky. It is thought by some to have been used as an astronomical clock to determine when to add a thirteenth month synchronising the lunar calendar with the solar year. The disk...
  • Sky disc of Nebra shines in Basel

    11/23/2006 4:45:15 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies · 301+ views
    SwissInfo ^ | November 22, 2006 | Urs Maurer
    Made out of bronze with gold embossing, the 3,600-year-old object is an astronomical clock. It connects the sun and the moon calendars together, with the sun giving the day and year and the moon, the month. The moon year is, however, 11 days shorter than the sun year. This was taken into account in ancient times by adding an extra month, leading experts to believe that people in the Bronze Age were already making sophisticated astronomical observations similar to those written about by the Babylonians around 1,000 years later. The disc is thought to be a depiction of the Bronze...
  • Spooky Finds In German Archaeological Digs

    09/26/2002 4:23:38 PM PDT · by blam · 27 replies · 494+ views
    IOL ^ | 9-25-2002
    Spooky finds in German archaeological dig September 25 2002 at 07:44PM Nebra, Germany - Archaeologists offered a first glimpse on Wednesday of a lost culture's holy site atop a German peak, and confirmed it as the source of the world's oldest map of the heavens. The exact location has been kept secret for weeks, amid fears that treasure-seekers would move in and disturb Bronze Age remains. The site is atop the Mittelberg, a 252m hill in the Ziegelroda Forest, 180km south-west of Berlin. Adding a spooky touch is the discovery that, seen from the Mittelberg, the sun sets every June...
  • Earliest Depiction Of A Rainbow Found

    12/22/2004 10:12:25 AM PST · by blam · 50 replies · 5,919+ views
    Discovery News ^ | 12-21-2004 | Jennifer Viegas
    Earliest Depiction of a Rainbow Found? By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News Dec. 21, 2004 — An ancient bronze disc that looks a bit like a freckled smiley face may show the world's earliest known depiction of a rainbow, according to a report published in the new issue of British Archaeology magazine. If the rainbow interpretation proves to be correct, the rare image also would be the only known representation of a rainbow from prehistoric Europe. The round bronze object, called the Sky Disc, was excavated in 1999 at Nebra in central Germany. It was said to have been found at...