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Keyword: multiregionalism

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  • Indian DNA Links To 6 'Founding Mothers'

    03/13/2008 2:04:39 PM PDT · by blam · 72 replies · 1,801+ views
    Yahoo News/AP ^ | 3-13-2008 | Malcom Ritter
    Indian DNA links to 6 'founding mothers' By MALCOLM RITTER, AP Science Writer NEW YORK - Nearly all of today's Native Americans in North, Central and South America can trace part of their ancestry to six women whose descendants immigrated around 20,000 years ago, a DNA study suggests. Those women left a particular DNA legacy that persists to today in about 95 percent of Native Americans, researchers said. The finding does not mean that only these six women gave rise to the migrants who crossed into North America from Asia in the initial populating of the continent, said study co-author...
  • Before they left Africa, early modern humans were 'culturally diverse'

    08/21/2014 9:55:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | August 18th, 2014 | Oxford University
    Researchers have carried out the biggest ever comparative study of stone tools dating to between 130,000 and 75,000 years ago found in the region between sub-Saharan Africa and Eurasia. They have discovered there are marked differences in the way stone tools were made, reflecting a diversity of cultural traditions. The study has also identified at least four distinct populations, each relatively isolated from each other with their own different cultural characteristics. The research paper also suggests that early populations took advantage of rivers and lakes that criss-crossed the Saharan desert. A climate model coupled with data about these ancient water...
  • “Out of Africa” Theory Officially Debunked

    07/27/2014 9:49:37 AM PDT · by djf · 52 replies
    Scientific evidence refuting the theory of modern humanity’s African genesis is common knowledge among those familiar with the most recent scientific papers on the human Genome, Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosomes. Regrettably, within mainstream press and academia circles, there seems to be a conspicuous – and dare we say it – deliberate vacuum when it comes to reporting news of these recent studies and their obvious implications.
  • Four Individuals Caught in 'Death Trap' May Shed Light on Human Ancestors

    04/24/2011 8:41:04 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    April 19, 2011 | Ann Gibbons
    ...The four hominin individuals died when they fell into a "death trap" in a cave about 2 million years ago at Malapa, South Africa, according to new dates reported by Berger... In addition to the articulated partial skeletons of a youth and an older female unveiled last year in Science, the team members reported the discovery of bones of an 18-month-old infant and at least one other adult. This means they are getting a good look at Au. sediba's development from infancy to old age... Berger and members of his team sketched a quick portrait of Au. sediba, who lived...
  • Early volcano victims discovered

    09/03/2004 10:59:51 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies · 807+ views
    BBC ^ | Monday, May 3, 1999 | editors
    Whole communities of ape-like creatures may have been killed in volcanic disasters that struck East Africa 18 million years ago... It follows a study of rock deposits close to the once active volcano Kisingiri. These contained fossils of what is believed to be a forerunner of humans called Proconsul... research suggests they may have been caught by a pyroclastic flow. These are clouds of hot gas, dust and rubble which travel at huge speeds from erupting volcanoes. Scientists, who report their findings in the Journal of the Geological Society, believe the abundance of the hominoid fossils may represent "death...
  • Humans May Have Dispersed Out of Africa Earlier Than Thought

    04/21/2014 4:04:04 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 51 replies
    LiveScience ^ | April 21, 2014 | Charles Q. Choi
    Scientists have suggested the exodus from Africa started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. However, stone artifacts dating to at least 100,000 years ago that were recently uncovered in the Arabian Desert suggested that modern humans might have begun their march across the globe earlier than once suspected. Out of Africa models To help solve this mystery, Katerina Harvati, a paleoanthropologist at the University of Tübingen in Germany, and her colleagues tested four competing out-of-Africa models. one involved a route northward, up the Nile River valley and then eastward across the northern end of the Arabian Peninsula into Asiathe other...
  • Arabian Artifacts May Rewrite 'Out of Africa' Theory

    12/01/2011 7:11:53 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    LiveScience ^ | Wednesday, November 30, 2011 | Charles Choi
    Newfound stone artifacts suggest humankind left Africa traveling through the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts... stone artifacts at least 100,000 years old... more-than-100 newly discovered sites in the Sultanate of Oman apparently confirm that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggests. Oddly, these sites are located far inland, away from the coasts. the Dhofar Mountains of southern Oman, nestled in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula... of a style dubbed Nubian Middle Stone Age, well-known throughout the Nile Valley, where they date back about 74,000-to-128,000 years... Subsequent field work turned up dozens...
  • Humans Migrated Out Of Africa, Then Some Went Back, Study Says

    12/29/2006 3:48:38 PM PST · by blam · 57 replies · 2,898+ views
    National Geographic Society ^ | 12-14-2006 | Stefan Lovgren
    Humans Migrated Out of Africa, Then Some Went Back, Study Says Stefan Lovgren for National Geographic News December 14, 2006 Humans first moved out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, but 30,000 years later some of them moved back. That's according to a new study based on DNA evidence from ancient human remains found in Africa. The study shows that a small group of early humans returned to Africa after migrating to the Middle East. In addition, the research suggests that the humans' return occurred around the same time that another group of humans left the Middle East and moved...
  • Is this the first man with blue eyes?

    01/26/2014 9:44:28 PM PST · by Pharmboy · 41 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 1-26-14 | DAILY MAIL REPORTER
    Full headline: Is this the first man with blue eyes? Experts astonished that 7,000-year-old DNA reveals caveman with African and European genes Remains discovered 5000ft up mountains of north-west Spain Findings suggest racial transformation happened later than thought Man, dubbed La Brana 1, also shows similarity to Scandinavian DNA His piercing blue eyes are in striking contrast to his dark complexion and hair. It means this 7,000-year-old caveman holds the clue to man’s genetic evolution. His remains were discovered 5,000ft up in the mountains of north-west Spain in 2006. Experts were astonished to find the ancient hunter-gatherer, given the name...
  • European Hunter-Gatherers, Blue Eyes and Dark Skin?

    01/27/2014 8:44:03 AM PST · by Theoria · 39 replies
    The Unz Review ^ | 26 Jan 2014 | Razib Khan
    The headlines about this individual having dark skin are well founded, like the Luxembourg hunter-gatherer the sample has ancestral “non-European” copies of most of the major loci which are known to have large effect sizes (SLC24A5, which is now fixed in Europeans, SLC45A2, which is present at frequencies north of 80% in most of Europe, and KITLG, a lower frequency variant known to have a major impact on skin and hair). Additionally, this individual is related to the Ma’lta individual, just like the Swedish hunter-gatherers, but unlike the Luxembourg male (which did predate the Spanish samples by 1,000 years). Lots...
  • Gene research reveals fourth human species

    03/24/2010 7:40:24 PM PDT · by dangerdoc · 22 replies · 1,665+ views
    Financial Times ^ | 3/24/10 | Clive Cookson
    A fourth type of hominid, besides Neanderthals, modern humans and the tiny “hobbit”, was living as recently as 40,000 years ago, according to research published in the journal Nature. The discovery by Svante Pääbo and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, is based on DNA sequences from a finger bone fragment discovered in a Siberian cave. EDITOR’S CHOICE Science briefing: Biofuel breakthrough - Feb-26 Public losing faith in science - Feb-22 Science briefing: Tracking cancer changes - Feb-19 Scientists discover the secret of ageing - Feb-15 Genome of balding Arctic ancestor decoded - Feb-10...
  • Possible new human ancestor found in SiberiaPossible new human ancestor found in Siberia

    03/24/2010 4:05:58 PM PDT · by edcoil · 33 replies · 874+ views
    reuters ^ | 3-24-10 | edcoil
    Genetic material pulled from a pinky finger bone found in a Siberian cave shows a new and unknown type of pre-human lived alongside modern humans and Neanderthals, scientists reported on Wednesday.
  • DNA identifies new ancient human dubbed 'X-woman'

    03/24/2010 1:38:44 PM PDT · by smokingfrog · 35 replies · 1,491+ views
    BBC ^ | 3-24-10 | Paul Rincon
    Scientists have identified a previously unknown type of ancient human through analysis of DNA from a finger bone unearthed in a Siberian cave. The extinct "hominin" (human like creature) lived in Central Asia between 48,000 and 30,000 years ago. An international team has sequenced genetic material from the fossil showing that it is distinct from that of Neanderthals and modern humans. Details of the find, dubbed "X-woman", have been published in Nature journal. Ornaments were found in the same ground layer as the finger bone, including a bracelet. Professor Chris Stringer, human origins researcher at London's Natural History Museum, called...
  • New ancestor? Scientists ponder DNA from Siberia

    03/24/2010 12:16:23 PM PDT · by decimon · 24 replies · 628+ views
    Associated Press ^ | Mar 24, 2010 | MALCOLM RITTER
    NEW YORK – In the latest use of DNA to investigate the story of humankind, scientists have decoded genetic material from an unidentified human ancestor that lived in Siberia and concluded it might be a new member of the human family tree. The DNA doesn't match modern humans or Neanderthals, two species that lived in that area around the same time — 30,000 to 50,000 years ago. > But "the human family tree has got a lot of branchings. It's entirely plausible there are a lot of branches out there we don't know about." >
  • Genome of extinct Siberian cave-dweller linked to modern-day humans

    12/23/2010 10:27:59 AM PST · by LucyT · 26 replies · 2+ views ^ | 22-Dec-2010 | Bobbie Mixon, National Science Foundation
    Sequencing of ancient DNA reveals new hominin population that is neither Neanderthal nor modern human Researchers have discovered evidence of a distinct group of "archaic" humans existing outside of Africa more than 30,000 years ago at a time when Neanderthals are thought to have dominated Europe and Asia. But genetic testing shows that members of this new group were not Neanderthals, and they interbred with the ancestors of some modern humans who are alive today. Until last year, the mainstream view in genetics was that modern humans inherited essentially their entire DNA makeup from Neanderthal-related individuals when they migrated from...
  • Scientists say new human relative roamed widely in Asia

    12/25/2010 1:48:33 AM PST · by Islander7 · 21 replies · 2+ views
    Star Advertiser ^ | Dec 22, 2010 | MALCOLM RITTER
    NEW YORK — Scientists have recovered the DNA code of a human relative recently discovered in Siberia, and it delivered a surprise: This relative roamed far from the cave that holds its only known remains. By comparing the DNA to that of modern populations, scientists found evidence that these "Denisovans" from more than 30,000 years ago ranged all across Asia. They apparently interbred with the ancestors of people now living in Melanesia, a group of islands northeast of Australia.
  • Many roads lead to Asia (Denisovans, migrations, etc.)

    09/26/2011 2:55:29 PM PDT · by decimon · 8 replies
    Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ^ | September 26, 2011 | Unknown
    Contrary to what was previously assumed, modern humans may have populated Asia in more than 1 migration waveThe discovery by Russian archaeologists of the remains of an extinct prehistoric human during the excavation of Denisova Cave in Southern Siberia in 2008 was nothing short of a scientific sensation. The sequencing of the nuclear genome taken from an over 30,000-year-old finger bone revealed that Denisova man was neither a Neanderthal nor modern human, but a new form of hominin. Minute traces of the Denisova genome are still found in some individuals living today. The comparisons of the DNA of modern humans...
  • Modern Humans Interbred with Archaic Humans in East Asia, Study Says

    11/08/2011 7:16:55 PM PST · by decimon · 27 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | October 31, 2011
    It is well-known today, based on various genetic studies, that some of the ancestors of modern humans interbred with Neanderthals, a closely-related human species or sub-species that lived 130,000 - 30,000 years ago in Eurasia. Less known is information that has recently emerged about the possibility that modern human ancestors were also busy with at least one other archaic human species. Additional information comes from a new study by researchers at Uppsala University. The study yielded findings that indicated people in East Asia share genetic material with archaic humans known as Denisovans, suggesting that the modern human ancestors of East...
  • Mating with Neanderthals Good for Human Health

    06/17/2011 2:29:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 47 replies
    Discovery News ^ | Friday, June 17, 2011 | Tim Wall
    Interbreeding between humans and Neanderthals may have given Europeans and Asians resistance to northern diseases that their African ancestors didn't have. Peter Parham, professor of microbiology and immunology at Stanford, recently presented evidence to the Royal Society in London that Europeans gained many of the genes for human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) from neanderthals. The antigens helped them adapt to diseases in the north much more quickly than would have otherwise occurred. Comparisons of the human and Neanderthal genomes were conducted by Parham to locate similarities and differences in the DNA of modern human populations and Neanderthals. Parham found that modern...
  • Neanderthal sex boosted immunity in modern humans

    08/26/2011 10:40:58 AM PDT · by decimon · 46 replies · 2+ views
    BBC ^ | August 26, 2011 | Matt McGrath
    Sexual relations between ancient humans and their evolutionary cousins are critical for our modern immune systems, researchers report in Science journal.Mating with Neanderthals and another ancient group called Denisovans introduced genes that help us cope with viruses to this day, they conclude. Previous research had indicated that prehistoric interbreeding led to up to 4% of the modern human genome. The new work identifies stretches of DNA derived from our distant relatives. In the human immune system, the HLA (human leucocyte antigen) family of genes plays an important role in defending against foreign invaders such as viruses. The authors say that...
  • Stone Age toe could redraw human family tree

    The Denisova cave had already yielded a fossil tooth and finger bone, in 2000 and 2008. Last year, Pääbo's DNA analysis suggested both belonged to a previously unknown group of hominins, the Denisovans. The new bone, an extremely rare find, looks likely to belong to the same group... The primitive morphology of the 30,000 to 50,000-year-old Denisovan finger bone and tooth indicates that Denisovans separated from the Neanderthals roughly 300,000 years ago. At the time of the analysis, Pääbo speculated that they came to occupy large parts of east Asia at a time when Europe and western Asia were dominated...
  • How our DNA differs from that of Denisovans, our extinct cousins

    09/01/2012 5:42:46 AM PDT · by Pharmboy · 49 replies
    LA Times ^ | 9-1-12 | Rosie Mestel
    Scientists are beginning to analyze the DNA differences between modern humans and our extinct archaic relatives, the Denisovans. (National Human Genome Research Institute) Genome of ancient Denisovans may help clarify human evolution Scientists recently reported they had pieced together a high-quality sequence of an archaic human relative, the Denisovans. Among other things, the researchers took a close look at the ways in which we differ from these people, who were named after the place where their traces were discovered: Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains of Siberia....snip It's "fascinating" to see the DNA changes that spread to most or all...
  • DNA Unveils Enigmatic Denisovans

    09/29/2012 1:04:30 PM PDT · by blam · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | 9-22-2012 | Bruce Bower
    DNA Unveils Enigmatic Denisovans Extinct Neandertal relatives serve up a complete genetic playbook By Bruce BowerScience News September 22nd, 2012; Vol.182 #6 (p. 5) A replica of a partial Denisovan finger bone, placed on its corresponding position on a person’s hand, emphasizes the small size of this ancient find. Scientists have retrieved a comprehensive set of genetic instructions from the actual Denisovan finger fossil. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Genetic data of unprecedented completeness have been pulled from the fossil remains of a young Stone Age woman. The DNA helps illuminate the relationships among her group — ancient Siberians...
  • Researchers Publish Improved Neanderthal Genome

    03/19/2013 7:08:34 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 12 replies
    abc ^ | March 19, 2013 | FRANK JORDANS
    Researchers in Germany said Tuesday they have completed the first high-quality sequencing of a Neanderthal genome and are making it freely available online for other scientists to study. The genome produced from remains of a toe bone found in a Siberian cave is far more detailed than a previous "draft" Neanderthal genome sequenced three years ago by the same team at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. "The genome of a Neanderthal is now there in a form as accurate as that of any person walking the streets today," Svante Paabo, a geneticist who led the...
  • Ancient Siberians may have rarely hunted mammoths

    06/15/2013 9:54:20 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | Wednesday, June 12, 2013 | Bruce Bower
    Contrary to their hunting reputation, Stone Age Siberians killed mammoths only every few years when they needed tusks for toolmaking, a new study finds. People living between roughly 33,500 and 31,500 years ago hunted the animals mainly for ivory, say paleontologist Pavel Nikolskiy and archaeologist Vladimir Pitulko of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Hunting could not have driven mammoths to extinction, the researchers report June 5 in the Journal of Archaeological Science. On frigid tundra with few trees, mammoth tusks substituted for wood as a raw material for tools, they propose. Siberian people ate mammoth meat after hunts, but food...
  • Ancient Humans Crossed Ocean Barrier?

    10/19/2013 6:11:16 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Thursday, October 17, 2013 | from University of Adelaid Press
    In 2010, a small bone fragment of a finger bone was discovered in Denisova cave in the Altai Mountains of Asia. Later genetic analysis indicated that it belonged to a heretofore unknown ancient human species, named Denisovans, and that their DNA is still present in native populations of Australia, New Guinea and surrounding regions. There is a distinct, and puzzling, absence of the DNA in Asian populations. ...Alan Cooper of the University of Adelaide in Australia and Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in the UK are suggesting that the DNA presence could be the result of the Denisovans...
  • Indonesia's Lost World: Shaking Up The Family Tree (More - New Human Species)

    10/29/2004 2:11:55 PM PDT · by blam · 37 replies · 4,994+ views
    Archaeology ^ | 10-28-2004 | Davisd Keys
    Indonesia's Lost World: Shaking Up the Family Tree October 28, 2004 by David Keys Homo floresiensis skull (© Peter Brown) New archaeological discoveries by Australian and Indonesian scientists on the Indonesian island of Flores are revealing that until at least 13,000 to 12,000 years ago, modern humans--our species, Homo sapiens--shared this planet with a totally different species of human being--a three-foot-high dwarf hominid with physical features usually seen as dating from 1.5 to 4 million years ago. The scientists, mainly from Australia's University of New England and University of Wollongong, have found the skeletal remains of up to seven individuals...
  • Scientists Find Prehistoric Dwarf Skeleton

    10/27/2004 11:33:07 AM PDT · by Borges · 49 replies · 1,664+ views
    Science - AP By JOSEPH B. VERRENGIA, AP Science Writer In a breathtaking discovery, scientists working on a remote Indonesian island say they have uncovered the bones of a human dwarf species marooned for eons while modern man rapidly colonized the rest of the planet. AP Photo Missed Tech Tuesday? Is your PC possessed? Learn eight ways to repel the monsters: hackers intent on causing trouble One tiny specimen, an adult female measuring about 3 feet tall, is described as "the most extreme" figure to be included in the extended human family. Certainly, she is the shortest. This hobbit-sized creature...
  • Hobbit remains found in Australia

    10/27/2004 10:51:55 AM PDT · by presidio9 · 158 replies · 4,600+ views
    Reuters ^ | Wed, Oct 27, 2004 | Patricia Reaney
    Scientists in Australia have found a new species of hobbit-sized humans who lived about 18,000 years ago on an Indonesian island in a discovery that adds another piece to the complex puzzle of human evolution. The partial skeleton of Homo floresiensis, found in a cave on the island of Flores, is of an adult female that was a metre (3 feet) tall, had a chimpanzee-sized brain and was substantially different from modern humans. It shared the isolated island to the east of Java with miniature elephants and Komodo dragons. The creature walked upright, probably evolved into its dwarf size because...
  • Hobbits? We've got a cave full

    12/08/2004 3:25:23 PM PST · by swilhelm73 · 22 replies · 1,149+ views
    Stuff ^ | 06 December 2004 | DEBORAH SMITH
    Chief Epiradus Dhoi Lewa has a strange tale to tell. Sitting in his bamboo and wooden home at the foot of an active volcano on the remote Indonesian island of Flores, he recalls how people from his village were able to capture a tiny woman with long, pendulous breasts three weeks ago. "They said she was very little and very pretty," he says, holding his hand at waist height. "Some people saw her very close up." The villagers of Boawae believe the strange woman came down from a cave on the steaming mountain where short, hairy people they call Ebu...
  • Hobbit's relatives may have existed in northern Australia

    05/28/2008 9:43:22 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies · 144+ views
    Top News India ^ | Tuesday, May 27th, 2008 | Sahil Nagpal
    An archaeologist, who discovered the "Hobbit", an ancient human like species, on an Indonesian island in 2003, has determined that a relative of the species may have existed in northern Australia. The Hobbits, or Homo floresiensis, who were only about one metre tall and weighed just 30kg, existed on the remote Indonesian island of Flores until about 12,000 years ago. The specie was dubbed as "hobbits" because of its small size and big feet. Now, according to Professor Mike Morwood, who had made the finding in 2003, these ancient species could have had relatives living in northern Australia. "We are...
  • 'Hobbit' fossils represent a new species, concludes University of Minnesota anthropologist

    12/17/2008 10:57:58 PM PST · by CE2949BB · 9 replies · 609+ views
    EurekAlert ^ | 17-Dec-2008
    University of Minnesota anthropology professor Kieran McNulty (along with colleague Karen Baab of Stony Brook University in New York) has made an important contribution toward solving one of the greatest paleoanthropological mysteries in recent history -- that fossilized skeletons resembling a mythical "hobbit" creature represent an entirely new species in humanity's evolutionary chain.
  • Ancient 'hobbit' humans new species after all: study

    05/06/2009 11:40:30 AM PDT · by WL-law · 29 replies · 1,757+ views
    Diminutive humans whose remains were found on the remote Indonesian island of Flores in 2003 truly are a new species, and not pygmies whose brains had shrivelled with disease, researchers reported Wednesday. ... Many scientists have said H. floresiensis were prehistoric humans descended from homo erectus, stunted by natural selection over millennia through a process called insular dwarfing. Others countered that even this evolutionary shrinking, well known in island-bound animals, could not account for the hobbit's chimp-sized grey matter of barely more than 400 cubic centimetres, a third the size of a modern human brain. ... A team led by...
  • Fossil find changes evolutionary beliefs (New human fossils found in Georgia, north of Africa)

    11/18/2007 1:39:39 PM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 31 replies · 1,120+ views
    Long Beach Press Telegram ^ | 11/17/2007 06:29:00 PM PST | Alex Rodriguez
    ARCHAEOLOGY: New human fossils found in Georgia, north of Africa, have some rethinking migration of early man. DMANISI, Georgia - The forested bluff that overlooks this sleepy Georgian hamlet seems an unlikely portal into the mysteries surrounding the dawn of man. Think human evolution, and one conjures up the wind-swept savannas and badlands of east Africa's Great Rift Valley. Georgians may claim their ancestors made Georgia the cradle of wine 8,000 years ago, but the cradle of mankind lies 3,300 miles away, at Tanzania's famed Olduvai Gorge. But it is here in the verdant uplands of southern Georgia that David...
  • Prehistoric dwarf astounds scientists / Island discovery could rewrite human evolution

    10/28/2004 5:25:14 AM PDT · by Former Military Chick · 61 replies · 2,853+ views
    Deseret News ^ | October 28, 2004 | Joseph B. Verrengia
    In an astonishing discovery that could rewrite the history of human evolution, scientists say they have found the skeleton of a new human species, a dwarf, marooned for eons in a tropical Lost World while modern man rapidly colonized the rest of the planet. Chris Stringer, director of human origins studies at the Natural History Museum in London, holds a cast taken from a skull that is said to be that of a new species in the evolution of humans named Flores Man. Richard Lewis, Associated Press Chris Stringer, director of human origins studies at the Natural History Museum in...
  • Scientists: Hobbit Wasn't a Modern Human

    09/20/2007 1:34:19 PM PDT · by Sub-Driver · 13 replies · 846+ views
    Scientists: Hobbit Wasn't a Modern Human Sep 20 04:18 PM US/Eastern By RANDOLPH E. SCHMID AP Science Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Scientists, wringing their hands over the identity of the famed "hobbit" fossil, have found a new clue in the wrist. Since the discovery of the bones in Indonesia in 2003, researchers have wrangled over whether the find was an ancient human ancestor or simply a modern human suffering from a genetic disorder. Now, a study of the bones in the creature's left wrist lends weight to the human ancestor theory, according to a report in Friday's issue of the...
  • 'Hobbits' Were Stunted Cave-Dwellers

    03/06/2008 1:37:29 AM PST · by restornu · 16 replies · 1,298+ views ^ | March 5, 2008 | Richard Ingham, AFP
    <p>Bad Thyroid?</p> <p>March 5, 2008 -- Anthropologists have fired another salvo in a feud about diminutive "hobbit" people whose fossilized remains were found in a cave on a remote Indonesian island four years ago.</p> <p>Combatting a bid to have the hobbits enshrined as a separate branch of the human family tree, they argue the tiny cave-dwellers were simply Homo sapiens who became stunted and retarded as a result of iodine deficiency in pregnancy.</p>
  • Bone Parts Don't Add Up To Conclusion Of Hobbit-like Palauan Dwarfs

    08/30/2008 1:46:13 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 1 replies · 174+ views
    Science News ^ | August 27, 2008 | University of Oregon press release
    Scientists from the University of Oregon, North Carolina State University and the Australian National University have refuted the conclusion of Lee R. Berger and colleagues that Hobbit-like little people once lived there... They argue that Berger, an expert on much earlier humans dating to the Pleistocene, failed to review existing documentation, much of it published by Nelson or Fitzpatrick. Much of their rebuttal comes from remains unearthed by Fitzpatrick and Nelson at Chelechol ra Orrak, only miles from Berger's two sites. Among these whole remains are bone pieces that match -- some are even smaller that fragments found by Berger...
  • Did The Flores Hobbit Have A Root Canal?

    04/20/2008 7:35:51 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 336+ views
    Scientific American ^ | 4-18-2008 | Kate Wong
    Did the Flores Hobbit Have a Root Canal?Dental work claim challenges antiquity of hobbit skeleton By Kate Wong DENTAL WORK?: The lower left first molar of the hobbit is claimed to have a filling--an observation that other hobbit researchers say is refuted by this photograph. PETER BROWN University of New England And you thought Frodo had it hard. In what is shaping up to be a battle of Tolkienian proportions, the tiny remains from Flores, Indonesia--paleoanthropology's hobbit--have once again come under attack. Most paleoanthropologists believe that the hobbit belongs to a new species of human, Homo floresiensis. But now comes...
  • 'Hobbits' Not A Different Species, Say Scientists

    01/13/2008 2:25:04 PM PST · by blam · 28 replies · 131+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 1-3-2008 | Roger Highfield
    'Hobbits' not a different species, say scientists By Roger Highfield, Science Editor Last Updated: 7:01pm GMT 03/01/2008 The long-running debate about the existence of so-called hobbits of Indonesia has taken a new turn with a study that suggests these ancient people were not an unusual species of human but modern humans with a growth disorder. Scientists believe the "hobbit" had the same growth condition as Paddy Ryan The work, if confirmed, suggests that there could be up to around 100 documented such "hobbits" in the world today, the people who have the mutation that leads to them being normally proportioned...
  • Discovery Of The Hobbit

    05/23/2007 2:26:08 PM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 1,116+ views
    Stuff.comNZ ^ | 5-23-2007 | Nicola Jennings
    The Discovery of the Hobbit - Mike Morwood and Penny Van Oosterzee By NICOLA JENNINGS - Sunday Star Times Wednesday, 23 May 2007 Long after homo sapiens invented art, porn and sailing, another kind of human scampered about in Indonesian forests. We know this because a team led by one of the writers of this fascinating book, Australian archaeologist Mike Morwood, discovered the creature's skeleton in 2003, in a cave on the remote island of Flores. Since then, bones belonging to at least eight more individuals have been found, ranging in age from 95,000 to 12,000 years old. Our own...
  • Surviving The Hobbit Wars

    03/05/2007 3:18:25 PM PST · by blam · 22 replies · 733+ views
    Canberra Times ^ | 3-5-2007 | Simon Grose
    Monday, 5 March 2007 Author Mike Morwood. THE DIG: The bones in Liang Bua cave, Flores, where the hobbits were found. Surviving the Hobbit Wars Simon Grose Dr Mike Gagan will be getting into more than one of the world's most exciting archaeological digs when he abseils down to an ancient graveyard on the Indonesian island of Flores in June. The Australian National University palaeoclimatologist will also be entering a drama that has a reputation for fierce personal and ideological rivalries, international intrigue, stolen goods of priceless value, broken and mended agreements, intense media interest, and a central theme which...
  • Hobbit Cave Digs Set To Restart

    01/25/2007 10:46:09 AM PST · by blam · 11 replies · 616+ views
    BBC ^ | 1-25-2007
    Hobbit cave digs set to restart Researchers had not been able to excavate at the cave Archaeologists who found the remains of human "Hobbits" have permission to restart excavations at the cave where the specimens were found. Indonesian officials have blocked access to the cave since 2005, following a dispute over the bones. But Professor Richard "Bert" Roberts, a member of the team that found the specimens, told BBC News the political hurdles had now been overcome. The researchers claim that the remains belong to a novel species of human. But some researchers reject this assertion, claiming instead that the...
  • Flores 'Hobbit' Walked More Like A Clown Than Frodo

    04/16/2008 4:23:50 PM PDT · by blam · 4 replies · 157+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 4-16-2008 | Ewen Callaway
    Flores 'hobbit' walked more like a clown than Frodo 12:30 16 April 2008 news service Ewen Callaway Henry McHenry, University of California, Davis American Association of Physical Anthropologists Tolkien's hobbits walked an awful long way, but the real "hobbit", Homo floresiensis, would not have got far. Its flat, clown-like feet probably limited its speed to what we would consider a stroll, and kept its travels short, says Bill Jungers, an anthropologist at the State University of New York in Stony Brook. "It's never going to win the 100-yard dash, and it's never going to win the marathon," he says....
  • Taking Sides In Battle Of The 'Hobbit'

    10/09/2006 5:07:07 PM PDT · by blam · 11 replies · 722+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 10-9-2006 | Jeff Hecht
    Taking sides in the battle of the 'hobbit' 05:00 09 October 2006 Jeff Hecht The battle among paleaoanthropologists over Homo Floresiensis, popularly known as "the hobbit", threatens to become an epic of Lord of the Rings proportions. The debate rages on over whether the fossil, found on the Indonesian island of Flores, is a separate species or simply a modern human with stunted development. Now Robert Martin at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, US, claims the controversial fossil, discovered in 2004 was really a Stone Age Homo sapiens (modern human) with a mild form of the condition...
  • Hobbit species may not have been human

    09/30/2009 8:51:41 AM PDT · by BGHater · 24 replies · 1,097+ views
    The Australian ^ | 30 Sep 2009 | Cheryl Jones
    AFTER five years of arguments over the so-called hobbits, the University of New England paleoanthropologist who formally described the tiny new hominin species from the Indonesian island of Flores is facing another wave of controversy. This time, Peter Brown could raise the ire of some of the scientists who supported him in an academic debate that degenerated into an international scandal. Brown, who initially placed the species in the human genus Homo and named it Homo floresiensis, is considering stripping the hobbits of their human status. More remains have been found, and the species is now represented by six to...
  • 'Hobbits' are a new human species -- according to the statistical analysis of fossils

    11/19/2009 5:39:35 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 30 replies · 1,198+ views
    physical science news ^ | 19-Nov-2009 | Dawn Peters
    Homo floresiensis not diseased sub-population of healthy humans Researchers from Stony Brook University Medical Center in New York have confirmed that Homo floresiensis is a genuine ancient human species and not a descendant of healthy humans dwarfed by disease. Using statistical analysis on skeletal remains of a well-preserved female specimen, researchers determined the "hobbit" to be a distinct species and not a genetically flawed version of modern humans. Details of the study appear in the December issue of Significance, the magazine of the Royal Statistical Society, published by Wiley-Blackwell. In 2003 Australian and Indonesian scientists discovered small-bodied, small-brained, hominin (human-like)...
  • How a hobbit is rewriting the history of the human race

    02/23/2010 5:47:15 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies · 489+ views
    The Guardian (UK) ^ | Sunday, February 21, 2010 | Robin McKie
    The bones of a race of tiny primitive people, who used stone tools to hunt pony-sized elephants and battle huge Komodo dragons, were discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores in 2004... These remains came from a species that turned out to be only three feet tall and had the brain the size of an orange. Yet it used quite sophisticated stone tools. And that was a real puzzle. How on earth could such individuals have made complex implements and survived for aeons on this remote part of the Malay archipelago? Some simply dismissed the bones as the remains of...
  • Hobbit debate goes out on some limbs

    04/23/2010 11:21:30 AM PDT · by decimon · 23 replies · 467+ views
    ScienceNews ^ | May 8, 2010 | Bruce Bower
    Two fossil hobbits have given what’s left of their arms and legs to science. That wasn’t enough, though, to quell debate over hobbits’ evolutionary status at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists on April 17. Since 2004, the discoverers of unusual “hobbit” fossils on the Indonesian island of Flores have attributed their find to a pint-sized species, Homo floresiensis, that lived there from 95,000 to 17,000 years ago. These researchers also suspect, on the basis of hobbit anatomy and recent stone tool discoveries on Flores, that H. floresiensis evolved from a currently unknown hominid species that...
  • Bones Of Contention ('Hobbits' - More)

    05/30/2005 4:35:41 PM PDT · by blam · 11 replies · 784+ views
    Time - Asia ^ | 5-30-2005 | John Stanmeyer
    Bones of ContentionIs a small, 18,000-year-old skeleton the older cousin of modern-day Pygmies—or a new human species? BY SIMON ELEGANT | RAMPASASA JOHN STANMEYER FOR TIMESMALL WORLD: Rampasasa resident Anggalus Jalur, 55, stands just 130 cm tall "In those days we ate our meat raw, like animals." The speaker is Viktor Jurubu, an Indonesian farmer in his 60s, who, in his T shirt and sarong, looks little like the cavemen he's describing. Except for his height, which is about 140 cm. In the world of anthropology, Jurubu's small size is big news because he and his 246 fellow villagers of...