Keyword: retina

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  • Retinal prosthetic strategy with the capacity to restore normal vision

    08/14/2012 10:46:25 AM PDT · by muawiyah · 12 replies
    pnas proceedings of the national academy of science ^ | august 13, 2012 | Sheila Nirenberg
    ..........Furthermore, the results show, using 9,800 optogenetically stimulated ganglion cell responses, that the combined effect of using the code and high-resolution stimulation is able to bring prosthetic capabilities into the realm of normal image representation.
  • Goji berry may be key to treat blindness (diabetic retinopathy)

    07/26/2012 7:14:48 PM PDT · by Innovative · 2 replies
    Inner West Courier, Australia ^ | July 10, 2012 | Shireen Khalil
    UNIVERSITY of Sydney researchers could be on to a remedy to fight blindness caused by long-term diabetes. Lead researcher Professor Basil Roufogalis said pharmacy researchers have identified the ancient Tibetan goji berry could help fight diabetic retinopathy. "Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness for people with diabetes, with up to 60 per cent of people living with either type one or type two diabetes developing chronic hyperglycaemia, a condition which can damage retina cells," he said. Prof Roufogalis said the goji berry is abundant in taurine. "We found that goji berry protected against the death of cells caused...
  • Self-organizing optic-cup morphogenesis in three-dimensional culture

    04/07/2011 6:14:33 PM PDT · by muawiyah · 10 replies
    NATURE ^ | April 6, 2011 | Mototsugu Eiraku,1, 2 Nozomu Takata,1 Hiroki Ishibashi,3 Masako Kawada,1 Eriko Sakakura,1, 2 Satoru
    Here we report the dynamic, autonomous formation of the optic cup (retinal primordium) structure from a three-dimensional culture of mouse embryonic stem cell aggregates.
  • Possible Stem cell treatment for Parkinson's disease from Retinal Cells

    12/20/2010 9:43:46 PM PST · by Coleus · 14 replies · 3+ views
    Pub Med ^ | 06.28.09
    Retinal pigment epithelial cells secrete neurotrophic factors and synthesize dopamine: possible contribution to therapeutic effects of RPE cell transplantation in Parkinson's diseaseRetinal pigment epithelial cells secrete neurotrophic factors and synthesize dopamine: possible contribution to therapeutic effects of RPE cell transplantation in Parkinson's disease
  • Retinal Coordination: Picture Perfect Presentation of Design

    04/15/2009 9:00:18 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 45 replies · 911+ views
    ICR ^ | April 15, 2009 | Brian Thomas, M.S.
    Retinal Coordination: Picture Perfect Presentation of Design by Brian Thomas, M.S.* Evidence abounds that vertebrate eyes cannot be the result of chance formation. Recently, scientists found even more evidence when they discovered that retinal neurons work together to provide the brain with a finely-tuned visual picture...
  • Zebrafish study may point way to blindness cure

    08/03/2007 4:29:16 PM PDT · by Coleus · 1 replies · 276+ views
    yahoo ^ | 08.01.07 | Ben Hirschler
    The ability of zebrafish to regenerate damaged retinas has given scientists a clue about restoring human vision and could lead to an experimental treatment for blindness within five years. British researchers said on Wednesday they had successfully grown in the laboratory a type of adult stem cell found in the eyes of both fish and mammals that develops into neurons in the retina. In future, these cells could be injected into the eye as a treatment for diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma and diabetes-related blindness, according to Astrid Limb of University College London's (UCL) Institute of Ophthalmology. Damage to...
  • 'Bionic' eye implants look ahead

    02/16/2007 3:23:11 AM PST · by Jedi Master Pikachu · 48 replies · 2,913+ views
    BBC ^ | Friday, February 16, 2007 | Jonathan Fildes
    A bionic eye implant that could help restore the sight of millions of blind people could be available to patients within two years. US researchers have been given the go-ahead to implant the prototype device in 50 to 75 patients. The Argus II system uses a spectacle-mounted camera to feed visual information to electrodes in the eye. Patients who tested less-advanced versions of the retinal implant were able to see light, shapes and movement. "What we are trying to do is take real-time images from a camera and convert them into tiny electrical pulses that would jump-start the otherwise...
  • Silicon retina mimics biology for a clearer view

    10/23/2006 5:51:25 PM PDT · by annie laurie · 12 replies · 572+ views
    NewScientistTech ^ | 20 October 2006 | Tom Simonite
    A silicon chip that faithfully mimics the neural circuitry of a real retina could lead to better bionic eyes for those with vision loss, researchers claim. About 700,000 people in the developed world are diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration each year, and 1.5 million people worldwide suffer from a disease called retinitis pigmentosa. In both of these diseases, retinal cells, which convert light into nerve impulses at the back of the eye, gradually die. Most artificial retinas connect an external camera to an implant behind the eye via a computer (see 'Bionic' eye may help reverse blindness). The new silicon...
  • Bone marrow may restore cells lost in vision diseases

    06/10/2006 3:49:21 PM PDT · by Coleus · 3 replies · 378+ views
    Eurek Alert ^ | 06.08.06 | John D. Pastor
    UF finding could lead to approaches to treat macular degeneration GAINESVILLE, Fla. - University of Florida scientists conducting experiments with mice have found evidence that the body naturally replenishes small amounts of cells in the eye essential for healthy vision. The finding may shatter the belief that a cell layer vital for eyesight called the retinal pigment epithelium, or RPE, is a nonrenewable resource, say researchers writing in a recent issue of Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. RPE plays a vital role in our visual health by forming the outer barrier of the retina and supporting the function of cells...
  • Chirac leaves hospital

    09/10/2005 2:41:21 AM PDT · by bd476 · 3 replies · 219+ views
    News 24.com ^ | 10 Sept 2005
    Paris - French President Jacques Chirac declared himself in good shape as he left a military hospital after seven days, but took doctors' advice by dropping plans to attend next week's United Nations summit of world leaders and also postponed a planned trip to Egypt. The 72-year-old leader's place will be taken at the United Nations by Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin, his office announced on Friday. Villepin was roundly applauded at the United Nations for his 2003 speech against the invasion of Iraq. Chirac was hospitalised on September 2 after suffering a "small vascular accident" that impaired vision in...
  • Drug to Help Avert Blindness Moves Closer to Approval

    08/27/2004 10:37:15 PM PDT · by neverdem · 8 replies · 586+ views
    NY Times ^ | August 28, 2004 | ANDREW POLLACK
    Eyetech Pharmaceuticals' drug to treat the leading cause of blindness in the elderly appeared to move closer to a broad government approval yesterday after an advisory panel to the Food and Drug Administration spoke favorably about it. The advisory panel was not asked to vote on whether the drug, Macugen, should be approved as a treatment for age-related macular degeneration. But committee members ruled unanimously that Eyetech had provided the F.D.A. with enough information to evaluate the drug. The panel members also did not seem to raise any serious new issues that would block approval. "It appears to me very...