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New find reveals Swedes' role in Ottoman sex-slave trade
The Local (Sweden) ^ | 13 Jan 12 13:57 CET

Posted on 01/15/2012 8:40:00 PM PST by DeaconBenjamin

The recent uncovering of centuries-old documents has revealed that Swedish ships were used in the Mediterranean slave trade. Up to three quarters of the cargo was women who researchers have suggested were sold as sex slaves.

“Swedish history must be rewritten,” researcher Joachim Östlund told The Local.

Östlund, from the Department of History at Lund University, found that Sweden had an active role in the 18th century slave-trades through the discovery of forgotten ship registration documents stored in Stockholm’s consulate archives.

While ‘not surprised’ about uncovering Sweden’s participation in the Ottoman Empire, he stresses the importance of shedding light on Sweden’s role in the affair.

“Sweden actively participated in the Ottoman Empire slave trade with the Sub-Sahara – and this is completely new,” he said.

According to Östlund’s findings, the shipping registries state that the Swedish ships’ cargo was "negroes".

While the slaves sent to America were predominantly men used for plantation work, the Ottoman Empire had a different agenda entirely.

“Up to 75 percent of the passengers on board were women,” said Östlund.

“These women were used as servants and concubines, often both at the same time. They lived a relatively short time, research suggests an average of seven years after reaching the Empire, and this kept the slave trade between Africa and Tripoli going strong.”

The only other alternative for freedom was marriage, and this, too, reduced slave numbers – prompting an increase in demand.

Sweden had consuls in Tripoli in 1741, creating a peace agreement between the countries

According to Östlund, Sweden also had peace agreements with other states in the region meaning Swedish ships had extra leeway in international waters and used this to sail the Mediterranean uninterrupted.

Östlund’s findings have created a heated discussion, and not everyone is taking the news well. While people have accused him of trying to drag Sweden’s history through the mud, Östlund explains that it was simply curiosity that motivated his research.

“We can’t always have this idea that Sweden is just a happy land in the North, isolated from the rest the world,” he told The Local.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: slavetrade; sweden

1 posted on 01/15/2012 8:40:04 PM PST by DeaconBenjamin
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To: DeaconBenjamin

Sweden did this to protect itself and its people from attack by slavers.


2 posted on 01/15/2012 8:53:05 PM PST by SatinDoll (NO FOREIGN NATIONALS AS OUR PRESIDENT!)
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To: DeaconBenjamin

I’m confused. The concubines taken to the ottomans were negros? I thought they only took fair skinned concubines?


3 posted on 01/15/2012 8:59:03 PM PST by mamelukesabre
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To: WesternCulture

Wow, the Swedes have been kowtowing to their Muslim overlords even longer than I thought.


4 posted on 01/15/2012 9:05:19 PM PST by vladimir998
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To: mamelukesabre

They took anything that was female. Oh, and little boys too.


5 posted on 01/15/2012 9:07:04 PM PST by vladimir998
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To: DeaconBenjamin; SunkenCiv
An ugly fact.

They owe us money for dropping people offf here.

6 posted on 01/15/2012 9:07:43 PM PST by Ernest_at_the_Beach ( Support Geert Wilders)
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To: DeaconBenjamin

Makes me even prouder that the US did not pay tribute on the “shores of Tripoli”.


7 posted on 01/15/2012 9:20:45 PM PST by married21 (As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.)
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To: DeaconBenjamin

Btt


8 posted on 01/15/2012 9:23:36 PM PST by Cacique (quos Deus vult perdere, prius dementat ( Islamia Delenda Est ))
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To: DeaconBenjamin
How come nobody's blaming the Muslims (Ottoman Empire, Tripoli) in all this?

Cheers!

9 posted on 01/15/2012 9:25:29 PM PST by grey_whiskers (The opinions are solely those of the author and are subject to change without notice.)
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To: married21
Makes me even prouder that the US did not pay tribute on the “shores of Tripoli”.

The U.S did pay tribute until 1815. An example from the Avalon Project, a collection of treaties made by the United States and other countries.

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/bar1795t.asp

Treaty of Peace and Amity, Signed at Algiers September 5, 1795

ARTICLE YE 22d

On the 21st of ye Luna of Safer 1210 corrisponding with the 5th September 1795 Joseph Donaldson Junr on the Part of the United States of North America agreed with Hassan Bashaw Dey of Algiers to keep the Articles Contained in this Treaty Sacred and inviolable which we the Dey & Divan Promise to Observe on Consideration of the United States Paying annually the Value of twelve thousand Algerine Sequins (1) in Maritime Stores Should the United States forward a Larger Quantity the Over-Plus Shall be Paid for in Money by the Dey & Regency any Vessel that may be Captured from the Date of this Treaty of Peace & Amity shall immediately be deliver’d up on her Arrival in Algiers.

In 1815, after the Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812, an American squadron commanded by Stephen Decatur sailed back to the Mediterranean and sailed to Algiers, Tunisia, and Tripoli in succession, demanding an end to future attacks on American shipping - there had been no American shipping in the Mediterranean during the war with Britain - and the abolition of the tribute payments made by the United States. These actions by the American fleet so inspired Europe that the European powers decided to end the paying of tribute by any Europeans as well. In 1816 a British-Dutch fleet sailed to Algiers and leveled the fortifications of the city and received the assurance of the ruler of Algiers that he and his citizens would no longer engage in piracy. Following the example made at Algiers, Tunisia and Tripoli soon agreed to end their pirate raids as well.

The U.S. can be proud that it stood up to the Barbary pirates and ended attacks on its citizens and shipping in 1815, but until that time it had been forced to pay tribute, just like any other country that wanted to trade in the Mediterranean.

Just to set the historical record straight.

10 posted on 01/16/2012 1:02:52 AM PST by Cheburashka (If life hands you lemons, government regulations will prevent you from making lemonade.)
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To: Cheburashka; DeaconBenjamin; WesternCulture
A bit of info (humor) from the linked article comments section:

I should add that Sweden was potentially close to success in one of its raids on Norway after they got hold of some dynamite.
The raiders were throwing the sticks over the Norwegian fort walls.

However, the Norwegians quickly discovered that if they lit the fuses and threw the sticks back, they were much more effective.

11 posted on 01/16/2012 3:06:10 AM PST by Tainan (Cogito, ergo conservatus sum)
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To: Tainan
However, the Norwegians quickly discovered that if they lit the fuses and threw the sticks back, they were much more effective.

This must be origin of the phrase: "A thousand Swedes were chased through the weeds by only one Norwegian."

12 posted on 01/16/2012 3:25:31 AM PST by Dixie Yooper (Ephesians 6:11)
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To: vladimir998

There is “nothing new under the sun.” Sex, lust for power, envy, enslavement of other human beings for personal use and cruelties have always been with us in those who are evil..Unfortunately, only a small percentage of humanity is required for evil to ruin a nation for the rest of us.


13 posted on 01/16/2012 3:32:48 AM PST by jazzlite (esat)
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To: DeaconBenjamin; mickie
Isn't it high time for the Swedes to pay retribution money to blacks in their own country and others?

Is there a Swedish Al Sharpton to be the middleman?

Leni

14 posted on 01/16/2012 7:03:28 AM PST by MinuteGal
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To: Tainan

LOL.


15 posted on 01/16/2012 8:35:07 AM PST by tillacum
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To: grey_whiskers

Because no one with any sense expects anything better from Muslims.


16 posted on 01/16/2012 9:19:01 AM PST by Mountain Troll (My investment plan - Canned food and shotguns)
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17 posted on 01/16/2012 10:11:30 AM PST by TheOldLady (FReepmail me to get ON or OFF the ZOT LIGHTNING ping list)
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To: Cheburashka
The U.S. stopped paying tribute to Tripoli in 1801. Tripoli declared war in May 1801. Jefferson sent a squadron of 3 frigates and a schooner to Tripoli. On October 31, 1803, the frigate Philadelphia went aground off the port of Tripoli and was taken by Tripolitanians, capturing the crew and officers. The captured Philadelphia was burnt by a crew led by Stephen Decatur on February 16, 1804. The war ended by treaty in 1805 with no tribute, per se, but payment of $60,000 to ransom the officers and crew of the Philadelphia.

The book is unclear as to the extent, if any, tribute was paid between 1805 and 1815.

Incidentally, Algiers, Tripoli, and Morocco were essentially different jurisdictions at the time.

Source: Six Frigates, an early history of the US Navy.

18 posted on 01/16/2012 12:25:42 PM PST by DeaconBenjamin (A trillion here, a trillion there, soon you're NOT talking real money)
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To: DeaconBenjamin

Not new. The Vikings sold Slavs as slaves to the Abbasid Caliphate.


19 posted on 01/16/2012 1:43:51 PM PST by rmlew ("Mosques are our barracks, minarets our bayonets, domes our helmets, the believers our soldiers.")
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To: DeaconBenjamin
The U.S. stopped paying tribute to Tripoli in 1801.

So you admit that the U.S. was paying tribute to Tripoli prior to 1801. Which is one of my points - the cliche that the U.S. never paid tribute is demonstrably false. The other point I wished to make was that the U.S. by its success in the Second Barbary War in 1815 showed that countries did not have to pay tribute to the Barbary pirates, tribute that European countries had been paying for centuries.
20 posted on 01/16/2012 2:38:30 PM PST by Cheburashka (If life hands you lemons, government regulations will prevent you from making lemonade.)
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To: Cheburashka
So you admit that the U.S. was paying tribute to Tripoli prior to 1801.

I admit that the US did pay tribute to Tripoli and Algiers. I don't know about Morocco. And I agree with your second point.

21 posted on 01/17/2012 5:11:27 AM PST by DeaconBenjamin (A trillion here, a trillion there, soon you're NOT talking real money)
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