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Keyword: ancientautopsies

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  • Lactose tolerance spread throughout Europe in only a few thousand years

    09/16/2020 10:11:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | September 3, 2020 | Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz
    The human ability to digest the milk sugar lactose after infancy spread throughout Central Europe in only a few thousand years. This is the conclusion reached by an international research team led by Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU). The researchers analyzed genetic material from the bones of individuals who had fallen in a conflict around 1200 B.C. on the banks of the Tollense, a river in the present-day German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania... found that only around one in eight of the assumed warriors had a gene variant that enabled them to break down the lactose in milk. "Of the...
  • New Viking DNA research yields unexpected information about who they were

    09/16/2020 9:53:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | September 16, 2020 | Simon Fraser University
    ...the research team extracted and analysed DNA from the remains of 442 men, women and children... from archaeological sites in Scandinavia, the U.K., Ireland, Iceland, Greenland, Estonia, Ukraine, Poland and Russia, and mostly date to the Viking Age (ca. 750-1050 AD). The team's analyses yielded a number of findings. One of the most noteworthy is that contrary to what has often been assumed, Viking identity was not limited to people of Scandinavian ancestry -- the team discovered that two skeletons from a Viking burial site in the Orkney Islands were of Scottish ancestry. They also found evidence that there was...
  • National Geographic Unveils Historic Find With Excavation of Ancient Egypt's First Fully Intact Funeral Home

    05/12/2020 5:57:02 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies
    Business Wire ^ | May 3, 2020 | National Geographic Media Contact
    National Geographic today released never-before-seen footage from within ancient Egypt's first known fully intact funeral home. In conjunction with Egypt's Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, a team of archaeologists led by Dr. Ramadan Hussein from Germany's Eberhard Karls University of Tuebingen, uncovered the burial complex, dating back to 600 BC, deep beneath the sands at the Saqqara necropolis less than an hour's drive south of Cairo. The new, four-part series KINGDOM OF THE MUMMIES produced for National Geographic by BBC Studios follows the team as they explore the subterranean chambers and open four sealed, 2,600 year-old sarcophagi to unlock secrets...
  • New discoveries and studies from mummification workshop complex at Saqqara [26th Dynasty]

    05/05/2020 6:32:14 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Ahram Online ^ | Sunday 3 May 2020 | Nevine El-Aref
    Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, announced that the newly discovered chamber contained four wooden coffins in poor state of preservation. Dr Ramadan Badri Hussein, archaeological supervisor at the Ministry of State for Antiquities Affairs, said that one of the coffins belongs to a woman called Didibastett. She was buried with six canopic jars, which contradicts with the custom in ancient Egypt which was to embalm the lungs, stomach, intestines and liver of the deceased, and then to store them in four jars under the protection of four gods, known as the Four Sons of Horus......
  • Mummies found hidden in Saqqara

    03/01/2009 6:50:30 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies · 471+ views
    Al-Ahram Weekly ^ | 19 - 25 February 2009 | Nevine El-Aref
    Two weeks ago, during a routine excavation work at the mastaba of the Sixth-Dynasty lector-priest Sennedjem, archaeologists from the SCA stumbled upon what is believed to be a cache of mummies of the 26th Dynasty... inside an 11- metre deep burial shaft excavated inside the Sennedjem mastaba. Although the mastaba dates from a much earlier period, the shaft is intrusive... One of the newly-discovered, 2,600- year-old wooden coffins was still sealed... From the finely carved inscription on the coffin, Hawass was able to determine that the mummy belonged to a man named Padi-Heri, the son of Djehuty-Sesh-Nub and the grandson...
  • Archaeologists Unearth 13 Fully-Sealed Ancient Egyptian Coffins In Saqqara Necropolis Dating Back 2,500 Years

    09/14/2020 11:06:20 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    StationGossip ^ | September 2020 | unattributed
    A team of archeologists recently found 13 Egyptian coffins that have been sealed for over 2,500 years. Egypt's Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities recently shared some news on their Facebook page, explaining that archaeologists uncovered an unexpected cache -- or more specifically, a well -- of more than 13 sealed wooden coffins that are believed to be as old as 2,500 years in the Saqqara Necropolis in Egypt. They report that, according to preliminary studies, these coffins are sealed off and haven't been opened since their initial burial a couple of millennia ago. It is important to mention that this...
  • Radiocarbon dating and CT scans reveal Bronze Age tradition of keeping human remains

    09/06/2020 6:43:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | August 31, 2020 | University of Bristol
    Using radiocarbon dating and CT scanning to study ancient bones, researchers have uncovered for the first time a Bronze Age tradition of retaining and curating human remains as relics over several generations. While the findings, led by the University of Bristol and published in the journal Antiquity, may seem eerie or even gruesome by today's convention, they indicate a tangible way of honouring and remembering known individuals between close communities and generations some 4,500 years ago... "After radiocarbon dating Bronze Age human remains alongside other materials buried with them, we found many of the partial remains had been buried a...
  • Artist Creates Stunning Photo-Realistic Images of Roman Emperors

    09/04/2020 9:47:17 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 48 replies
    The Vintage ^ | 09/04/2020 | steve Palace
    How accurate are these 21st century recreations? Voshart is the first to admit this is a creative project more than a historical one. He tells Smithsonian Magazine the results are “my artistic interpretation”. On Medium he writes the images are “more art than science”. “Sculptures and busts were idealized images of the emperors” states archaeologist Jane Fejfer from the University of Copenhagen. Referring to Emperor Augustus – the first to rule the Empire from 27 BC – AD 14 – she outlines how “mass-produced models were sent out to local workshops around the kingdom, which they then carved the portraits...
  • For Peaceable Humans, Don’t Look to Prehistory

    07/01/2016 9:22:43 AM PDT · by SES1066 · 40 replies
    Wall Street Journal ^ | 06/30/2016 | MELVIN KONNER
    Along a river in northern Germany, thousands of men lined up for a pitched battle. Some had come great distances, determined to seize or hold this modest waterway. They went at it mercilessly, leaving hundreds dead, many shot in the back while fleeing. Victory was decisive. [1250 BC]
  • Unexpected and Gruesome Battle of 1250 BC Involved 4,000 Men from Across Northern Europe

    03/25/2016 5:30:29 PM PDT · by Rebelbase · 78 replies ^ | 24 March, 2016 | Mark Miller
    A battlefield of 3,250 years ago in Germany is yielding remains of wounded warriors, wooden clubs, spear points, flint and bronze arrowheads and bronze knives and swords. The gruesome scene, frozen in time by peat, is unlike anything else from the Bronze Age in Northern Europe, where, researchers thought, large-scale warfare didn’t begin until later. Analysis of the remains of the 130 men, most between ages 20 and 30, found so far shows some may have been from hundreds of kilometers away—Poland, Holland, Scandinavia and Southern Europe. The hand-to-hand combat of the battle, which may have involved thousands of people...
  • "Early Bronze Age battle site found on German river bank"

    05/22/2011 6:37:56 AM PDT · by Covenantor · 41 replies
    BBC ^ | 22 May 11 02:38 ET | Neil Bowdler
    Early Bronze Age battle site found on German river bank 22 May 11 02:38 ET ? By Neil Bowdler Science reporter, BBC News Fractured human remains found on a German river bank could provide the first compelling evidence of a major Bronze Age battle. Archaeological excavations of the Tollense Valley in northern Germany unearthed fractured skulls, wooden clubs and horse remains dating from around 1200 BC. The injuries to the skulls suggest face-to-face combat in a battle perhaps fought between warring tribes, say the researchers. The paper, published in the journal Antiquity, is based primarily on an investigation begun in...
  • Early Bronze Age battle site found on German river bank

    05/22/2011 6:31:53 AM PDT · by decimon · 19 replies
    BBC ^ | May 22, 2011 | Neil Bowdler
    Fractured human remains found on a German river bank could provide the first compelling evidence of a major Bronze Age battle.Archaeological excavations of the Tollense Valley in northern Germany unearthed fractured skulls, wooden clubs and horse remains dating from around 1200 BC. The injuries to the skulls suggest face-to-face combat in a battle perhaps fought between warring tribes, say the researchers. > The archaeologists also found remains of two wooden clubs, one the shape of a baseball bat and made of ash, the second the shape of a croquet mallet and made of sloe wood. Dr Harald Lubke of the...
  • Archaeologists find bones from prehistoric war in Germany

    10/11/2008 11:17:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies · 468+ views
    EarthTimes ^ | Thursday, October 9, 2008 | DPA
    Archaeologists have discovered the bones of at least 50 prehistoric people killed in an armed attack in Germany around 1300 BC. The signs of battle from around 1300 BC were found near Demmin, north of Berlin. They are the first proof of any war north of the Alps during the Bronze Age, said state archaeologist Detlef Jantzen on Thursday. One of the skulls had a coin-sized hole in it, indicating the 20- to 30-year-old man had received a mortal blow. A neurologist said he was probably hit with a wooden club and died within hours. Scientists plan DNA tests on...
  • Medieval DNA suggests Columbus didn't trigger syphilis epidemic in Europe

    08/17/2020 8:50:11 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies ^ | August 13, 2020 | Charlotte Hartley
    Researchers have long clashed over the circumstances of the 1495 European syphilis epidemic. The so-called Columbian theory posits that Columbus and his crew carried the bacterium, or an earlier progenitor of it, when they returned to Europe in 1493 after their American journey. Skeletons of Native Americans who died prior to Columbus's arrival show bone lesions from Treponemal diseases, including yaws and bejel, and some researchers suspect syphilis was also present. However, other researchers believe syphilis itself circulated in Europe for centuries and became more virulent in the late 1400s. They point to a growing body of archaeological evidence: skeletal...
  • Study Backs 5th-Century Historian's Date for Founding of Armenia

    08/15/2020 12:53:25 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    New York Times via Armeniapedia website ^ | March 10, 2015 | Nicholas Wade
    Geneticists have scanned the genomes of 173 Armenians from Armenia and Lebanon and compared them with those of 78 other populations from around the world. They found that the Armenians are a mix of ancient populations whose descendants now live in Sardinia, Central Asia and several other regions... Armenians share 29 percent of their DNA ancestry with Otzi, a man whose 5,300-year-old mummy emerged in 1991 from a melting Alpine glacier. Other genetically isolated populations of the Near East, like Cypriots, Sephardic Jews and Lebanese Christians, also share a lot of ancestry with the Iceman, whereas other Near Easterners, like...
  • Archaeology bombshell: Chilling discovery of 'extremely rare' 6500-year-old skeleton

    08/03/2020 7:24:23 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 52 replies
    Express UK ^ | Saturday, August 1, 2020 | Charlie Bradley
    The remarkable find was made at Penn Museum in Philadelphia, in the basement of the building where other archaeological artefacts are displayed. The skeleton had been left in the basement for 85 years before being rediscovered and represents a rare find. While the museum has other remains from ancient Ur, about 10 miles (16 km) from Nassiriya in southern Iraq, "Noah" - as the skeleton was named - is about 2,000 years older than any remains uncovered during the excavation at the site. The museum said the discovery had important implications for current research. Scientific techniques that were not available...
  • Viking Knights, Polish Days

    08/02/2020 1:58:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Archaeology Magazine ^ | May/June 2020 | Jason Urbanus
    The discovery of the burials of four medieval knights near the Polish village of Cieple has highlighted the region's connections to Scandinavia during the reign of the first Polish kings. The warriors were found lying in richly adorned chamber tombs dating to the early eleventh century A.D., the time of Boleslaw I the Brave. They had been buried with a variety of weapons, including swords, spears, and daggers, as well as full sets of equestrian equipment, such as spurs, stirrups, bits, and buckles. Isotope and DNA analysis demonstrated, though, that these individuals were not locals, but instead likely immigrated from...
  • John Hawks - Who were the ancestors of the Neanderthals?

    08/02/2020 1:20:04 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 51 replies
    Gorham's Cave Gibraltar on YouTube ^ | September 2018, February 11, 2019 | John Hawks
    The last 10 years have transformed the evidence concerning the early origins and evolution of Neanderthal populations. Genetic comparisons of Neanderthal and Denisovan ancient DNA suggest that the common ancestor of these populations separated from African ancestors of modern humans prior to 600,000 years ago, followed by a rapid differentiation in Eurasia. Later, additional episodes of gene flow brought genes into Neanderthal populations, including the mtDNA clade carried by all later Neanderthals. Yet, a number of western Eurasian fossil samples from the time between 600,000 and 100,000 years ago are difficult to accommodate within the category of "Neanderthals", including European...
  • Archaeologists use tooth enamel protein to show sex of human remains

    07/25/2020 10:33:36 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | July 17, 2020 | University of California - Davis
    A new method for estimating the biological sex of human remains based on reading protein sequences rather than DNA has been used to study an archaeological site in Northern California. The protein-based technique gave superior results to DNA analysis in studying 55 sets of human remains between 300 and 2,300 years old. The work is published July 17 in Scientific Reports. The method targets amelogenin, a protein found in tooth enamel, said first author Tammy Buonasera, postdoctoral researcher working with Glendon Parker, adjunct associate professor in the Department of Environmental Toxicology at the University of California, Davis. The technique was...
  • Artist Recreates How Iconic Figures From History Would Really Look in Real Life

    07/24/2020 2:05:23 PM PDT · by Joe 6-pack · 39 replies
    My Modern Met ^ | 7/22/20 | Margherita Cole
    Dutch photographer and digital artist Bas Uterwijk shines a light on what iconic figures from history might have looked like in real life. By using various digital manipulation tools, he is able to create photorealistic portraits of famous artists, leaders, mummies, philosophical thinkers, and even the models of paintings. Based in Amsterdam, Uterwijk has a background in computer graphics, 3D animation, and special effects. He uses a well-known image of each subject to transform them into a photographic portrait. For instance, the enigmatic Mona Lisa is reimagined as a real person with barely-there brows, luminescent skin, and bright eyes. Even...