Skip to comments.Controllable fast, tiny magnetic bits
Posted on 01/04/2019 7:06:59 PM PST by BenLurkin
[A] bit of heat production from resistance is a desirable characteristic in metallic thin films for spintronic applications such as solid-state computer memory.
Similarly, while defects are often undesirable in materials science, they can be used to control creation of magnetic quasi-particles known as skyrmions.
In separate papers published this month in the journals Nature Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, researchers in the group of MIT Professor Geoffrey S.D. Beach and colleagues in California, Germany, Switzerland, and Korea, showed that they can generate stable and fast moving skyrmions in specially formulated layered materials at room temperature, setting world records for size and speed. Each paper was featured on the cover of its respective journal.
For the research published in Advanced Materials, the researchers created a wire that stacks 15 repeating layers of a specially fabricated metal alloy made up of platinum, which is a heavy metal, cobalt-iron-boron, which is a magnetic material, and magnesium-oxygen. In these layered materials, the interface between the platinum metal layer and cobalt-iron-boron creates an environment in which skyrmions can be formed by applying an external magnetic field perpendicular to the film and electric current pulses that travel along the length of the wire.
Notably, under a 20 milliTesla field, a measure of the magnetic field strength, the wire forms skyrmions at room temperature. At temperatures above 349 kelvins (168 degrees Fahrenheit), the skyrmions form without an external magnetic field, an effect caused by the material heating up, and the skyrmions remain stable even after the material is cooled back to room temperature.
Previously, results like this had been seen only at low temperature and with large applied magnetic fields,
(Excerpt) Read more at phys.org ...
And the skyrmions remain stable
The therapy worked.
Solid-state devices built on these skyrmions could someday replace current magnetic storage hard drives. Streams of magnetic skyrmions can act as bits for computer applications. "In these materials, we can readily pattern magnetic tracks," Beach said
Says Caretta: "To be able to have a practical operating logic or memory racetrack device, you have to write the bit, so that's what we talk about in creating the magnetic quasi particle, and you have to make sure that the written bit is very small and you have to translate that bit through the material at a very fast rate," Caretta says.
Marrows, the Leeds professor, adds: "Applications in skyrmion-based spintronics, will benefit, although again it's a bit early to say for sure what will be the winners among the various proposals, which include memories, logic devices, oscillators and neuromorphic devices,"
A remaining challenge is the best way to read these skyrmion bits. Work in the Beach group is continuing in this area, Lemesh says, noting that the current challenge is to discover a way to detect these skyrmions electrically in order to use them in computers or phones.
"Yea, so you don't have to take your phone to a synchrotron to read a bit," Caretta says. "As a result of some of the work done on ferrimagnets and similar systems called anti-ferromagnets, I think the majority of the field will actually start to shift toward these types of materials because of the huge promise that they hold."
Can skymions be used for online purchases or seat upgrades?
They might be used to record what you purchased, or where you are in the seat-upgrade queue ...
What’s in your wallet?
I have no business being in this thread.
However, when introduced to block chain applications, the bit coins artificially reproduce in the ether
You and me both, FRiend.
It’s so far over my head, I can’t tell the intelligent comments from the usual snark.
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