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Ruins in Northern Syria Bear the Scars of a City’s Final Battle
New York Times ^ | January 16, 2007 | John Noble Wilford

Posted on 01/16/2007 7:36:52 AM PST by SunkenCiv

Archaeologists digging in Syria, in the upper reaches of what was ancient Mesopotamia, have found new evidence of how one of the world’s earliest cities met a violent end by fire, collapsing walls and roofs, and a fierce rain of clay bullets. The battle left some of the oldest known ruins of organized warfare. The excavations at the city, Tell Hamoukar, which was destroyed in about 3500 B.C., have also exposed remains suggesting its origins as a manufacturing center for obsidian tools and blades, perhaps as early as 4500 B.C... Expanded excavations at Tell Brak, Habuba Kabira, Hamoukar and elsewhere in northern Syria, Dr. Algaze said, have revealed that some northern cities were larger at an earlier time than was expected. And ample evidence is being found for specialized industries like the obsidian works at Hamoukar... Almost no field work has been done in Iraq since 1990, leaders of Mesopotamian archaeology say, and concern is mounting that war and looting have left prized sites in disarray. New hydroelectric projects are another spur to stepped-up excavations in Syria and Turkey. Archaeologists are rushing to dig before ruins are inundated by dammed rivers. Research at Hamoukar has been under way since 1999. The Chicago-Syria team has now determined that the 40-acre heart of the city was surrounded by a 10-foot-thick wall. The main mound covering ruins extends over 260 acres, and in the outskirts to the south, pottery and obsidian flakes and cores are scattered over some 700 acres.

(Excerpt) Read more at nytimes.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: chalcolithic; godsgravesglyphs; habubakabira; hamoukar; syria; tellbrak; tellhamoukar

Archaeological digs at Tell Hamoukar in Syria have yielded the remains of a body, possibly a war casualty. [University of Chicago]

Ruins in Northern Syria Bear the Scars of a Citys Final Battle
This topic is an update from a similar story posted about a year ago, see below for links.
1 posted on 01/16/2007 7:36:56 AM PST by SunkenCiv
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Ancient Citadel Shows Scars Of Mass Warfare (Mesopotamia - 3500BC)
New Scientist | 12-16-2005 | Will Knight
Posted on 12/16/2005 11:34:38 AM EST by blam
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1541781/posts

Artifacts found at ancient city ("This was 'Shock and Awe' in the Fourth Millennium BC.")
Middle East Times | December 17, 2005
Posted on 12/22/2005 12:41:34 AM EST by nickcarraway
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1545172/posts

New Discoveries In Syria Confirm Theory On Spread Of Early Civilization
Newswise.com | 6-2-2002 | Carrie Golus
Posted on 06/03/2002 4:42:03 PM EDT by blam
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/694010/posts


2 posted on 01/16/2007 7:37:09 AM PST by SunkenCiv ("In theory, theory and practice are the same, but in practice, they're not." -- John Rummel)
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To: blam; FairOpinion; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; 49th; ...
Thanks Pharmboy.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

3 posted on 01/16/2007 7:37:29 AM PST by SunkenCiv ("In theory, theory and practice are the same, but in practice, they're not." -- John Rummel)
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To: SunkenCiv

"Archaeologists are rushing to dig before ruins are inundated by dammed rivers. "

Damned rivers! ;)


4 posted on 01/16/2007 8:10:48 AM PST by To Hell With Poverty (If this city were any 'bluer', it'd be spelled 'bleu'.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Aerial photograph of fourth millennium B.C. (Late Chalcolithic) architecture; note tripartite buildings excavated in 2001 (left corner) and 2005 (right middle); date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

thumbnails:

http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/05/051216.hamoukar-photos.shtml

5 posted on 01/16/2007 2:21:34 PM PST by Fred Nerks (Read THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD free pdf download. Link on my bio page.)
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To: indcons

Ping


6 posted on 01/16/2007 4:32:02 PM PST by indcons (FRiends: I am on vacation next week. Will reply to pings/FReepmails after I return.)
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To: To Hell With Poverty

Tell Hamoukar is the best ancient ruin by a dam site.


7 posted on 01/16/2007 5:58:49 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("In theory, theory and practice are the same, but in practice, they're not." -- John Rummel)
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To: Fred Nerks

Thanks! Nice graphic.


8 posted on 01/16/2007 5:59:33 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("In theory, theory and practice are the same, but in practice, they're not." -- John Rummel)
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9 posted on 07/03/2008 6:38:24 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/_________________________Profile updated Friday, May 30, 2008)
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