Skip to comments.Evidence of Production of Luxury Textiles and Extraction of Copper from ... Cypriote Bronze Age City
Posted on 09/07/2013 12:45:55 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
A Swedish archaeological expedition from the University of Gothenburg has excavated a previously unknown part of the Bronze Age city Hala Sultan Tekke (around 16001100 BC). The finds include a facility for extraction of copper and production of bronze objects, evidence of production of luxurious textiles, as well as ceramics and other objects imported from all over the Mediterranean but also from central Europe...
Hala Sultan Tekke is located near the Larnaca airport on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus and spans approximately 25-50 hectares, making it one of the largest Bronze Age cities in the Mediterranean region. In 2010, Peter Fischer and his team of archaeologists and students continued the excavations of the city that were initiated in the 1970s by Fischer's former teacher, professor Paul Âström.
The recently excavated part of the city was discovered in 2012 using a ground penetrating radar, which is an electromagnetic equipment that makes it possible to 'see' what's hidden in the ground down to a depth of about two metres. The method also enables archaeologists to get a tomographic image of a limited area under the surface.
'This summer we discovered a residential area with facilities for extraction of copper from copper ore and copper slag. We found remains of melting furnaces and about 300 kilos of ore and slag. In a room nearby, we also found evidence of production of purple textiles, which were among the most valuable commodities during the Bronze Age.'
The finds also include a complete decorated bronze brooch, probably imported from northern Italy or central Europe around 1200 BC, a decorated faience bowl from Egypt, faience cylinder seals depicting warriors and hunters and figurines of people/gods and animals. All finds can be dated to the period 1400-1175 BC.
(Excerpt) Read more at hum.gu.se ...
The new district (photo taken from a helicopter). On the left the part that was excavated 2010-12 and in the middle the part which was discovered in 2013. Photo: Andreas Ioannou, Police Aviation Unit, Larnaka.
The Sea Peoples, from Cuneiform Tablets to Carbon Dating
PLOS ONE | David Kaniewski et al (see below)
Posted on 10/04/2012 3:01:40 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
Sea Peoples invade: 11921190 BC
Dienekes’ Anthropoloy Blog | 09 June 2011 | Dienekes’
Posted on 06/16/2011 8:17:31 AM PDT by Palter
“The Catastrophe” What the End of Bronze-Age Civilization Means for Modern Times
brusselsjournal.com | Tue, 2009-09-15 09:20 | Thomas F. Bertonneau
Posted on 09/28/2009 9:26:36 AM PDT by Nikas777
The production of purple garments would lead me to guess this was a Phoenician colony, since they had a virtual monopoly on purple dye. The name “phoenician” actually is a reference, in Greek, to that dye they were famous for.
I heard the found a Starbucks there too. They’re everywhere!
I know you hate any reference to the eruption of Thera/Santorini as such a catastrophe that it might have cause much disruption of civilization in the Med.
But the dates could be right. Thera is estimated to have occurred in the mid second millennium BCE. The eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history. The eruption devastated the island of Thera (also called Santorini), including the Minoan settlement at Akrotiri, as well as communities and agricultural areas on nearby islands and on the coast of Crete.
The name phoenician actually is a reference, in Greek, to that dye they were famous for.
Thank you for that information. Did not know that.
The date of the Theran super-eruption remains controversial; there’s a lot of leeway in the dating, because it’s imaginary. :’)
It’s weird, too, because coffee wasn’t even available at that time. ;’)
That used to be said, not sure that’s true; the Greek word “phoenix” is said to have been the root of “phoenician”, but the Phoenicians themselves referred to themselves by city of origin, e.g. Tyrian (that was also commonplace among Greeks, although they also identified themselves by ethnicity, such as Ionian, Dorian, etc). Wiki-wacky traces the etymology back to an Egyptian term for “Asian”, which makes sense, the Greeks loved puns and wordplay.
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Thank you for those links. Very interesting.
Big reading assignment for a Monday morning, Professor. :)
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