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Solved! How Ancient Egyptians Moved Massive Pyramid Stones
LiveScience ^ | May 01, 2014 | Denise Chow

Posted on 05/03/2014 6:46:48 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

The ancient Egyptians who built the pyramids may have been able to move massive stone blocks across the desert by wetting the sand in front of a contraption built to pull the heavy objects, according to a new study.

Physicists at the University of Amsterdam investigated the forces needed to pull weighty objects on a giant sled over desert sand, and discovered that dampening the sand in front of the primitive device reduces friction on the sled, making it easier to operate. The findings help answer one of the most enduring historical mysteries: how the Egyptians were able to accomplish the seemingly impossible task of constructing the famous pyramids.

To make their discovery, the researchers picked up on clues from the ancient Egyptians themselves. A wall painting discovered in the ancient tomb of Djehutihotep, which dates back to about 1900 B.C., depicts 172 men hauling an immense statue using ropes attached to a sledge. In the drawing, a person can be seen standing on the front of the sledge, pouring water over the sand, said study lead author Daniel Bonn, a physics professor at the University of Amsterdam...

But, there is a delicate balance, the researchers found... The amount of water necessary depends on the type of sand, he added, but typically the optimal amount falls between 2 percent and 5 percent of the volume of sand.

(Excerpt) Read more at livescience.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: amsterdam; danielbonn; djehutihotep; egypt; godsgravesglyphs; greatpyramid; middlekingdom; pyramids
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The Pyramids of Giza, built between 2589 and 2504 BC. Credit: Dan Breckwoldt | Shutterstock

The Pyramids of Giza, built between 2589 and 2504 BC. Credit: Dan Breckwoldt | Shutterstock

1 posted on 05/03/2014 6:46:48 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: Jeff Chandler
Thanks Jeff Chandler for this link:
How the pyramids where built in Egypt

How the pyramids where built in Egypt

2 posted on 05/03/2014 6:48:36 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

3 posted on 05/03/2014 6:49:19 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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Joseph Davidovits’ YouTube page:
http://www.youtube.com/user/kadamix

and keyword:
http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/davidovits/index

Great Pyramid keyword:
http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/greatpyramid/index


4 posted on 05/03/2014 6:51:52 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Nancy Pelosi deemed them to be weightless until they were in place.


5 posted on 05/03/2014 6:52:29 PM PDT by Octar
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To: SunkenCiv
They used standard grav plates. Sheesh...

/johnny

6 posted on 05/03/2014 6:52:58 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: SunkenCiv

Interesting.


7 posted on 05/03/2014 6:53:29 PM PDT by Jet Jaguar (Resist in place.)
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http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/jeanpierrehoudin/index

http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/josephdavidovits/index

http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/geopolymerization/index


8 posted on 05/03/2014 6:54:11 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Sometimes it’s better to be dumb. If they hadn’t figured it out, maybe they wouldn’t wasted all that time building the pyramids.


9 posted on 05/03/2014 6:54:25 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: SunkenCiv
Good to remember when Obama enslaves the masses to build his pyramid.


10 posted on 05/03/2014 6:54:28 PM PDT by GrandJediMasterYoda (Hitlery: Incarnation of evil.)
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To: SunkenCiv
dampening the sand in front of the primitive device reduces friction on the sled, making it easier to operate.

Let me see if I've got this straight? If the surface is wet, the coefficient of friction is reduced?? Wow, maybe that explains why I go into wild spins every time I drive in the rain! Maybe next time I'll try slowing down in the rain!

Who knew???

Mark

11 posted on 05/03/2014 6:54:31 PM PDT by MarkL (Do I really look like a guy with a plan?)
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To: MUDDOG

Much ado about a pile of rocks.


12 posted on 05/03/2014 6:55:58 PM PDT by bicyclerepair (The zombies here elected alcee hastings. TERM LIMITS ... TERM LIMITS)
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To: SunkenCiv

Magic Sliders - if you order in the next 10 minutes, we’ll double the offer.

(As seen on TV)


13 posted on 05/03/2014 6:56:10 PM PDT by smokingfrog ( sleep with one eye open (<o> ---)
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To: MarkL

;’)


14 posted on 05/03/2014 6:56:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: JRandomFreeper; Octar

;’)


15 posted on 05/03/2014 6:57:35 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Jet Jaguar

I agree, although I don’t think this applies to the pyramids, only to those gi-normous statues (some as heavy as 350 tons).


16 posted on 05/03/2014 6:58:29 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Not as big of a stonewall as the Obama regime.

17 posted on 05/03/2014 6:59:47 PM PDT by Bullish (You ever notice that liberalism really just amounts to anti-morality?)
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To: bicyclerepair

I like what Thoreau said about it — the peasants should’ve thrown the pharoah in the Nile.


18 posted on 05/03/2014 7:02:48 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: MUDDOG

Seemed like a waste, but then they got up high enough to be able to see their houses from up there. :’) Most of the time spent building the Great Pyramid (and most of the others) was spent getting to the halfway point in height, which is where most of the mass is; the top half involved more climbing, but only a fraction of the mass, and was probably finished in 2 or 3 years. :’)


19 posted on 05/03/2014 7:04:46 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: JRandomFreeper
They used standard grav plates. Sheesh...

Yes, but did anyone cook them a nice dinner? :-)

20 posted on 05/03/2014 7:04:55 PM PDT by Mark17 (Chicago Blackhawks: Stanley Cup champions 2010, 2013. Vietnam Vet 70-71 Msgt US Air Force, retired)
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To: SunkenCiv

Ok......and they hauled all that water into the desert how?


21 posted on 05/03/2014 7:05:14 PM PDT by lacrew (Mr. Soetoro, we regret to inform you that your race card is over the credit limit.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Surprisingly, in before the Giorgio Tsoukalos picture.
22 posted on 05/03/2014 7:06:32 PM PDT by KarlInOhio (Republican amnesty supporters don't care whether their own homes are called mansions or haciendas.)
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To: SunkenCiv
The ancient Egyptians had the "secret ingredient": MORE slaves than they knew what to do with. They conquered and enslaved and thus had a ton of slaves to do slave labor to make and move the tons of sand and brick.

We saw the pyramids and the sphinx in person. They are amazing. The climate? Horrible. They were, without doubt, truly an amazing culture, but they didn't continue on forever. By the end of the B.C. era they had been replaced by Arabs. Arabs AIN'T no Egyptians.

TODAY, Egypt is Arab. We loved our two visits there while we were living and working in the middle east. The Egyptians, at the time, really LIKED Americans. I was so used to the world view, that Americans suck, that I enjoyed being where we were liked.
I have nothing but good things to say about Egypt. It's a shame that it's Arab now and turning to s*** something less that it used to be. Oh well, nothing's perfect.

23 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:11 PM PDT by cloudmountain
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> Djehutihotep 12th Dynasty... was a nomarch during the reigns of Amenemhet II and Senwosret II, who reigned during the 12th Dynasty. He performed many services for the royal family and accompanied Senwosret II on a military campaign in Syria. The thing that he is best remembered for are the reliefs in his tomb at Bersha. These reliefs show the transporting of a colossal statue from the quarry at Hatnub. These give insight into the construction and the architectural methods of this time period. Many building projects were going on at this time. This statue weighed more than 60 tons and was moved on a huge sled by the Egyptians as part of their corvee obligations.

http://www.touregypt.net/who/djehutih.htm

[ by “as part of their corvee obligations” is meant “slavery”, a word that the Egyptians refuse to use to refer to the ancient past of that country ]


24 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:12 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

They brought sand and lime (concrete mix) to the worksite, built forms, mixed with WATER, then let the mix set, them removed the forms


25 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:31 PM PDT by Steven Tyler
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To: SunkenCiv
So the top part that the UFOs built was the easy part.

Figures.

26 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:44 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: SunkenCiv

I thought they forced Isrealites to do it?


27 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:44 PM PDT by nickcarraway
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To: Mark17
They had beer, bread, onions, fish, dates, leafy vegetables, melons, and maybe Snickers(tm) bars.

I'm not sure about the last, because that wrapper may have been dropped by a grad student, but the rest, I'm pretty sure of.

I really did study ancient foods, especially breads and beers, very seriously.

/johnny

28 posted on 05/03/2014 7:07:56 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: MUDDOG
I like what Thoreau said about it — the peasants should’ve thrown the pharoah in the Nile.

If they had some sort of 2nd amendment, they might have done exactly that.

29 posted on 05/03/2014 7:09:55 PM PDT by Mark17 (Chicago Blackhawks: Stanley Cup champions 2010, 2013. Vietnam Vet 70-71 Msgt US Air Force, retired)
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To: lacrew

Dude- They used the hose!


30 posted on 05/03/2014 7:10:38 PM PDT by REDWOOD99 ("Everyone should pay taxes. Everyone should pay the same rate.)
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Egyptian Statue Moved By Ropes?

Egyptian Statue Moved By Ropes?

31 posted on 05/03/2014 7:10:49 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: nickcarraway
That was the movie.

/johnny

32 posted on 05/03/2014 7:10:52 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: SunkenCiv
The guy that drew that was drunk. Look how many legs are on the short guys on the right side.

/johnny

33 posted on 05/03/2014 7:12:28 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: lacrew

Clearly they had no labor shortage.


34 posted on 05/03/2014 7:12:30 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Bullish

By the time he leaves office, DC will be ass-deep in dung beetles.


35 posted on 05/03/2014 7:13:15 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

That’s BS. Obviously, the ET’s levitated the dam@ed rocks with their tractor beams.


36 posted on 05/03/2014 7:15:31 PM PDT by faithhopecharity ((Brilliant, Profound Tag Line Goes Here, just as soon as I can think of one..))
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To: SunkenCiv

Nothing new here. Perfect non-story. This has been known for years.


37 posted on 05/03/2014 7:16:04 PM PDT by I am Richard Brandon
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To: cloudmountain

I’ve heard the same from most people who traveled there. A former coworker went there with her husband on their honeymoon (they made a weeks-long trip throughout the Holy Land and Egypt) in the late 1970s I think it was. She got all banged up in the bazaar in Cairo or other market area because the burkah-clad Egyptian beeotches would kick her or step on her feet because she was going around the way that women from actual civilizations go around.

That horrible mass-murder of tourists at Luxor was carried out by typical jihadi; the locals got very pissed off by that, and chased down the shooters, and beat the living hell out of at least one of them. I think that’s how all of them were apprehended.


38 posted on 05/03/2014 7:18:37 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

I think they just sprayed the rocks with WD-40.


39 posted on 05/03/2014 7:20:22 PM PDT by faithhopecharity ((Brilliant, Profound Tag Line Goes Here, just as soon as I can think of one..))
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To: JRandomFreeper

The study of beer is nearly universal during the college years (in non-muzzie countries anyway). :’)


40 posted on 05/03/2014 7:20:50 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: lacrew
Ok......and they hauled all that water into the desert how?


41 posted on 05/03/2014 7:21:47 PM PDT by Jagdgewehr (It will take blood.)
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To: JRandomFreeper
They had beer, bread, onions, fish, dates, leafy vegetables, melons, and maybe Snickers(tm) bars.

Wow, all that, and they say WE have progressed. I don't think they fed the Jews real well, in the land of Goshen, so I wonder how much of that food was given to the slaves. Now, if they needed help getting aircraft up and down, I could have helped them out :-)

42 posted on 05/03/2014 7:22:43 PM PDT by Mark17 (Chicago Blackhawks: Stanley Cup champions 2010, 2013. Vietnam Vet 70-71 Msgt US Air Force, retired)
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To: Mark17
They could've used it.

At the end of the Napoleonic wars, the winners executed by firing squad a couple of his field marshals, who were themselves allowed to give the order to fire. I though that was kind of neat. (Not that they were executed, though.)

43 posted on 05/03/2014 7:23:25 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: nickcarraway

:’) The Israelites built with brick; if they built pyramids (and there are rabbinical sources that say they did) then they were in the Fayoum where the Middle Kingdom pharaohs had their brick pyramids constructed. They are still there, but they aren’t as well preserved as the Giza pyramids. Lake Fayoum has risen and fallen over the millennia, but is still reliant for its water on the Canal of Joseph, which dates from the Middle Kingdom, and still attributed to Joseph.


44 posted on 05/03/2014 7:23:43 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: KarlInOhio; MUDDOG; faithhopecharity

It’s times like this I wish I were Moe Howard. ;’)


45 posted on 05/03/2014 7:25:22 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Steven Tyler

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3151875/posts?page=2#2

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3151875/posts?page=4#4

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3151875/posts?page=8#8


46 posted on 05/03/2014 7:26:06 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv
I did the beer and bread study after the age of 40. It was serious culinary study including field work.

Egyptian beer, while mildly alcoholic, was thick. Not like Guinness thick... we're talking actual chunks, like grandma's boiled coffee.

I've made some. Once. The pig got most of it.

I have since eaten the pig. Scholarship is hungry work.

/johnny

47 posted on 05/03/2014 7:26:20 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: Bullish

All of those blocks would leave one he!! of a hole somewhere nearby. Has anyone found where they were quarried? Very impressive feat given the construction methods of the time.


48 posted on 05/03/2014 7:26:23 PM PDT by NCC-1701 (I am proud of what America USED TO BE.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Too late. I put on my glasses.


49 posted on 05/03/2014 7:27:26 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: SunkenCiv
DC will be ass-deep in dung beetles.

Infestation emanating from K street. They are already over-run.

/johnny

50 posted on 05/03/2014 7:28:56 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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