Skip to comments.Were Hebrews Ever Slaves in Ancient Egypt? Yes
Posted on 07/03/2016 10:06:40 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
Conclusively, Semitic slaves there were. However, critics argue there's no archaeological evidence of a Semitic tribe worshiping Yahweh in Egypt.
Because of the muddy conditions of the East Delta, almost no papyri have survived -- but those that did, may provide further clues in the search for the lost Israelites.
The papyrus Anastasi VI from around 3200 years ago describes how the Egyptian authorities allowed a group of Semitic nomads from Edom who worshiped Yahweh to pass the border-fortress in the region of Tjeku (Wadi Tumilat) and proceed with their livestock to the lakes of Pithom.
Shortly afterwards, the Israelites enter world history with the Merenptah stele, which bears the first mention of an entity called Israel in Canaan. It is robustly dated at is 1210 BCE, i.e., as of writing, 3226 years ago.
These Yahweh worshippers were in ancient Egypt well after the Exodus is supposed to have happened. Members of the Yahweh cult may have existed there earlier, but there is no solid evidence for that. There are, however, indications.
(Excerpt) Read more at haaretz.com ...
Levant Clothing circa 1900BC. A group of Asiatic peoples bearing gifts and playing musical instruments depicted entering Egypt c. 1900 BC from the tomb of a 12th dynasty official Khnumhotep under pharaoh Senusret II at Beni Hasan. Ibscha Relief Chnumhotep II. (6th Year of Sesostris II) courtesy of Wiki Commons
Joseph and Potiphar, Immanuel VelikovskyThe story of Joseph is one of the best known in the Bible... in order to find out whether the personality of Joseph or the patron of the early stage of his career, Potiphar, is referred to in the historical documents, we have to look into those of the Middle Kingdom. The task appears simple. According to the Book of Genesis Potiphar was "an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard." In the register of the private names to the Ancient Records of Egypt by James Breasted, we find the name Ptahwer... at the service of the Pharaoh Amenemhet III of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. According to an inscription of Ptahwer at Sarbut el-Khadem in Sinai dated in the forty-fifth year of Amenemhet III, his office was that of "master of the double cabinet, chief of the treasury." ...The inscription records the successful accomplishment of some peaceful expedition. Since there is only one Ptahwer in the historical documents, and since he lived in the time when we expect to find him, we are probably not wrong in identifying the biblical Potiphar with the historical Ptahwer. This being the conclusion concerning Potiphar, we are curious to find whether any mention of Joseph is found in historical documents, too. the fact that from the great and glorious age of the Middle Kingdom only a very few historical inscriptions are extant. Since a great famine took place in the days of Joseph, it is, of course, important to trace such a famine in the age of which we speak. In the days of Amenemhet III there occurred in Egypt a famine enduring nine long years... Thus it seems that the Pharaoh in whose days was the seven years' famine was the successor of the Pharaoh in whose days began the rise of Joseph's career (if Yatu is Joseph). Potiphar, who lived under Amenemhet III, probably lived also under his successor. The inscription which deals with Ptahwer mentions a man whose name is transliterated by Breasted as Y-t-w. Among the monuments of Amenemhet III's reign is one of the Storekeeper... The inscription that mentions Ptahwer refers to his activity in the mines of the Sinai peninsula. In this respect it is of interest to find that the Jewish traditions connect Joseph with the area of the Sinai Peninsula saying that he kept a large quantity of treasuries near Baal Zaphon, the scene of the Passage of the Sea.
We’re talking about a faith in an all encompassing single God, invisible in one sense, but omni-visible in the universe as a whole. What kinds of artifacts are they expecting to find? No statues, seals, coins, and it was hundreds of years in the Promised Land before they decided to build a permanent temple.
I doubt if the author of the article has seen “Patterns of Evidence: Exodus,” the movie documentary that came out on this subject last year. Quite a bit of evidence for Semitic activity in Egypt has been uncovered at Tell ed-Daba (Avaris), for anyone willing to look.
Kewl, they are bringing the sacrificial console TV
as an offering.
It’s cringe-worthy to see contentious remonstrations about ancient Hebrews being enslaved while, at least to American Jewry, the existential struggles of Israel are not even on the radar.
See the book,
Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition,
by James K. Hoffmeier
Lots of evidence, it seems.
It’s a chicken rotisserie grill.
LIES! ALL LIES!
Everyone KNOWS the Levant was empty of all peoples until Mohammed (praise unto his name) brought forth Islam to the area! Thus it always was and always shall be for Islam!
Probably from that Elton John song, which means, homosexual agenda!!!
Patterns of Evidence: The Exodus
by filmmaker Timothy Mahoney
Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition
by James K. Hoffmeier [March 18, 1999]
The Exodus Problem and its Ramifications by Donovan Courville (ouch on the price!)
The Exodus Problem and its Ramifications by Donovan Courville, reviewed
A Depth Review of Donovan Courville’s “The Exodus Problem and its Ramifications”
by Thomas Hamilton
No, as a matter of fact, we're not -- we're talking about whether Hebrews were ever slaves in ancient Egypt. Hence the title.
I’ve had a few TVs I wanted to smash with a 12-pound sledge...
One of the more recent theories I find worth considering is that the Egyptians at one point encouraged Semitic tribes to settle in the Eastern areas of the Nile Delta as a buffer against the Hittites and others. After a few generations the Semites became so numerous that they were perceived as a threat and were then subjected to mass conscript labor, i.e. slavery to Pharaoh. It was from that servitude they were led by Moses. Who knows? Main point is the Bible is not a collection of fantasy and whole cloth myth.
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