Skip to comments.Genetic testing reveals awkward truth about Xinjiang’s famous mummies (Caucasian)
Posted on 04/19/2005 9:08:48 PM PDT by blam
Genetic testing reveals awkward truth about Xinjiangs famous mummies
19 April 2005
URUMQI, China - After years of controversy and political intrigue, archaeologists using genetic testing have proven that Caucasians roamed Chinas Tarim Basin 1,000 years before East Asian people arrived.
The research, which the Chinese government has appeared to have delayed making public out of concerns of fueling Uighur Muslim separatism in its western-most Xinjiang region, is based on a cache of ancient dried-out corpses that have been found around the Tarim Basin in recent decades.
It is unfortunate that the issue has been so politicized because it has created a lot of difficulties, Victor Mair, a specialist in the ancient corpses and co-author of Mummies of the Tarim Basin, told AFP.
It would be better for everyone to approach this from a purely scientific and historical perspective.
The discoveries in the 1980s of the undisturbed 4,000-year-old Beauty of Loulan and the younger 3,000-year-old body of the Charchan Man are legendary in world archaeological circles for the fine state of their preservation and for the wealth of knowledge they bring to modern research.
New findings and discoveries
In historic and scientific circles the discoveries along the ancient Silk Road were on a par with finding the Egyptian mummies.
But Chinas concern over its rule in restive Xinjiang has widely been perceived as impeding faster research into them and greater publicity of the findings.
The desiccated corpses, which avoided natural decomposition due to the dry atmosphere and alkaline soils in the Tarim Basin, have not only given scientists a look into their physical biologies, but their clothes, tools and burial rituals have given historians a glimpse into life in the Bronze Age.
Mair, who played a pivotal role in bringing the discoveries to Western scholars in the 1990s, has worked tirelessly to get Chinese approval to take samples out of China for definitive genetic testing.
One expedition in recent years succeeded in collecting 52 samples with the aide of Chinese researchers, but later Mairs hosts had a change of heart and only let five of them out of the country.
I spent six months in Sweden last year doing nothing but genetic research, Mair said from his home in the United States where he teaches at the University of Pennsylvania.
My research has shown that in the second millennium BC, the oldest mummies, like the Loulan Beauty, were the earliest settlers in the Tarim Basin.
From the evidence available, we have found that during the first 1,000 years after the Loulan Beauty, the only settlers in the Tarim Basin were Caucasoid.
East Asian peoples only began showing up in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin about 3,000 years ago, Mair said, while the Uighur peoples arrived after the collapse of the Orkon Uighur Kingdom, largely based in modern day Mongolia, around the year 842.
Modern DNA and ancient DNA show that Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, the peoples of Central Asia are all mixed Caucasian and East Asian. The modern and ancient DNA tell the same story, he said.
Mair hopes to publish his new findings in the coming months.
China has only allowed the genetic studies in the last few years, with a 2004 study carried out by Jilin University also finding that the mummies DNA had Europoid genes, further proving that the earliest settlers of Western China were not East Asians.
In the preface to the 2002 book, Ancient Corpses of Xinjiang, written by Chinese archeologist Wang Huabing, the Chinese historian and Sanskrit specialist Ji Xianlin soundly denounced the use of the mummies by Uighur separatists as proof that Xinjiang should not belong to China.
What has stirred up the most excitement in academic circles, both in the East and the West, is the fact that the ancient corpses of white (Caucasoid/Europid) people have been excavated, Jin wrote.
However, within China a small group of ethnic separatists have taken advantage of this opportunity to stir up trouble and are acting like buffoons, (styling) themselves the descendants of these ancient white people with the aim of dividing the motherland.
Further on, in an apparent swipe at the governments lack of eagerness to acknowledge the science and publicize it to the world, Ji wrote, a scientist may not distort facts for political reasons, religious reasons, or any other reason.
Meanwhile, Yingpan Man, a nearly perfectly preserved 2,000-year-old Caucasoid mummy, was only this month allowed to leave China for the first time, and is being displayed at the Tokyo Edo Museum.
The Yingpan Man, discovered in 1995 in the region that bears his name, has been seen as the best preserved of all the undisturbed mummies that have so far been found.
Yingpan Man not only had a gold foil death mask -- a Greek tradition -- covering his blonde bearded face, but also wore elaborate golden embroidered red and maroon garments with seemingly Western European designs.
His nearly 2.00 meter (six-foot, six-inch) long body is the tallest of all the mummies found so far and the clothes and artifacts discovered in the surrounding tombs suggest the highest level of Caucasoid civilization in the ancient Tarim Basin region.
When the Yingpan Man returns from Tokyo to Urumqi where he has long been kept out of public eye, he is expected to be finally put on display when the new Xinjiang Museum opens this year.
China has hundreds of the mummies in various degrees of dessication and decomposition, including the prominent Han Chinese warrior Zhang Xiong and other Uighur mummies.
However, only a dozen or so are on permanent display in a makeshift building until the new museum is completed.
BTW, I've read that some archaeologists believe that Caucasians actually originate in Gansu Province, China.
Do you know of any image on the web of this "Beauty Of Loulan"?
This should not surprise anyone. The "XiongNu" as the Chinese call it during the Han Dynasty had blonde hair (at least some do). After Han Wudi defeated the Xiongnu, it broke up into 3 tribes, one went east and became the latter Mongolians.
I know there are many Chinese poems about the green eyes of the Han Emperors. BTW, the Xiongnu were the fiercest fighters of their period.
That fits pretty well.
The Vikings wear purple....
I've posted her image before but can't find one presently. Here are some sketches of some of the mummies.
"Sounds like he was a Viking. :^)"
They have been connected with the Celts of Halstatt, Austria.
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I hear Bill Clinton used to date her...
China owes me retribution for taking the land away from my Caucasian ancestors.
There were the fiercest fighters in their period and Han almost lost if not for Wudi. He basically emulated their fighting style (light calvary brigades instead of mass infantry), incorporated their horses into the Chinese calvary and crushed them. They won the war with mostly about 40-50 thousand men against XiongNu's over 200,000 (outnumbering by 4-1). After that, part of Xinjiang today belonged to China and the Silk Road is opened to the West.
Yeah, there are traces of the Hun from Xiongnu as well as mongolians/Russians. Basically Kazhakstan, and people around taht region were the XiongNu's.
He had the help of another Caucasian tribe named the Yuezhi who had already been beaten by the Xiongnu.
The Chinese came to know them as the greater and lesser Yuezhi, the greater Yuezi allied with the Han against the Xiongnu.
BTW, there are graveyards in the area that contain only Caucasian skeletons that date all the way up to the 1300'sAD. In The Loulan region, the Mongoloids and Caucasians began to mix around the 100-200BC time frame. Previous to that time, there were no Mongoloid skeletons anywhere in the region.
And thank you, blam, for all your info.
Since the mummies are 4,000 years old how can they be used as a rallying point for Muslims in Uighur? When did Islam reach Uighur? 1200 years ago?? I’ve never heard any, but our own home grown Nation of Islam, Muslim claim that Islam is a race based religion.
Excellent article here. More on Tarim Mummies and other mysteries here: http://historicmysteries.com/other-mysteries/the-tarim-mummies-of-xinjiang
Thanks, I've read all the books on the subject. The one by Victor Mair is the best.
Check the articles linked in post #26 if you're interested in this sort of stuff.
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.
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