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Genetic testing reveals awkward truth about Xinjiang’s famous mummies (Caucasian)
Khaleej Times ^ | 4-19-2005

Posted on 04/19/2005 9:08:48 PM PDT by blam

Genetic testing reveals awkward truth about Xinjiang’s famous mummies

M (AFP)

19 April 2005

URUMQI, China - After years of controversy and political intrigue, archaeologists using genetic testing have proven that Caucasians roamed China’s Tarim Basin 1,000 years before East Asian people arrived.

The research, which the Chinese government has appeared to have delayed making public out of concerns of fueling Uighur Muslim separatism in its western-most Xinjiang region, is based on a cache of ancient dried-out corpses that have been found around the Tarim Basin in recent decades.

“It is unfortunate that the issue has been so politicized because it has created a lot of difficulties,” Victor Mair, a specialist in the ancient corpses and co-author of “Mummies of the Tarim Basin”, told AFP.

“It would be better for everyone to approach this from a purely scientific and historical perspective.”

The discoveries in the 1980s of the undisturbed 4,000-year-old ”Beauty of Loulan” and the younger 3,000-year-old body of the ”Charchan Man” are legendary in world archaeological circles for the fine state of their preservation and for the wealth of knowledge they bring to modern research.

New findings and discoveries

In historic and scientific circles the discoveries along the ancient Silk Road were on a par with finding the Egyptian mummies.

But China’s concern over its rule in restive Xinjiang has widely been perceived as impeding faster research into them and greater publicity of the findings.

The desiccated corpses, which avoided natural decomposition due to the dry atmosphere and alkaline soils in the Tarim Basin, have not only given scientists a look into their physical biologies, but their clothes, tools and burial rituals have given historians a glimpse into life in the Bronze Age.

Mair, who played a pivotal role in bringing the discoveries to Western scholars in the 1990s, has worked tirelessly to get Chinese approval to take samples out of China for definitive genetic testing.

One expedition in recent years succeeded in collecting 52 samples with the aide of Chinese researchers, but later Mair’s hosts had a change of heart and only let five of them out of the country.

“I spent six months in Sweden last year doing nothing but genetic research,” Mair said from his home in the United States where he teaches at the University of Pennsylvania.

“My research has shown that in the second millennium BC, the oldest mummies, like the Loulan Beauty, were the earliest settlers in the Tarim Basin.

“From the evidence available, we have found that during the first 1,000 years after the Loulan Beauty, the only settlers in the Tarim Basin were Caucasoid.”

East Asian peoples only began showing up in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin about 3,000 years ago, Mair said, while the Uighur peoples arrived after the collapse of the Orkon Uighur Kingdom, largely based in modern day Mongolia, around the year 842.

“Modern DNA and ancient DNA show that Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, the peoples of Central Asia are all mixed Caucasian and East Asian. The modern and ancient DNA tell the same story,” he said.

Mair hopes to publish his new findings in the coming months.

China has only allowed the genetic studies in the last few years, with a 2004 study carried out by Jilin University also finding that the mummies’ DNA had Europoid genes, further proving that the earliest settlers of Western China were not East Asians.

Mixed opinions…

In the preface to the 2002 book, “Ancient Corpses of Xinjiang,” written by Chinese archeologist Wang Huabing, the Chinese historian and Sanskrit specialist Ji Xianlin soundly denounced the use of the mummies by Uighur separatists as proof that Xinjiang should not belong to China.

“What has stirred up the most excitement in academic circles, both in the East and the West, is the fact that the ancient corpses of “white (Caucasoid/Europid) people’ have been excavated,” Jin wrote.

“However, within China a small group of ethnic separatists have taken advantage of this opportunity to stir up trouble and are acting like buffoons, (styling) themselves the descendants of these ancient “white people’ with the aim of dividing the motherland.”

Further on, in an apparent swipe at the government’s lack of eagerness to acknowledge the science and publicize it to the world, Ji wrote, “a scientist may not distort facts for political reasons, religious reasons, or any other reason”.

Meanwhile, Yingpan Man, a nearly perfectly preserved 2,000-year-old Caucasoid mummy, was only this month allowed to leave China for the first time, and is being displayed at the Tokyo Edo Museum.

The Yingpan Man, discovered in 1995 in the region that bears his name, has been seen as the best preserved of all the undisturbed mummies that have so far been found.

Yingpan Man not only had a gold foil death mask -- a Greek tradition -- covering his blonde bearded face, but also wore elaborate golden embroidered red and maroon garments with seemingly Western European designs.

His nearly 2.00 meter (six-foot, six-inch) long body is the tallest of all the mummies found so far and the clothes and artifacts discovered in the surrounding tombs suggest the highest level of Caucasoid civilization in the ancient Tarim Basin region.

When the Yingpan Man returns from Tokyo to Urumqi where he has long been kept out of public eye, he is expected to be finally put on display when the new Xinjiang Museum opens this year.

China has hundreds of the mummies in various degrees of dessication and decomposition, including the prominent Han Chinese warrior Zhang Xiong and other Uighur mummies.

However, only a dozen or so are on permanent display in a makeshift building until the new museum is completed.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: archaeology; awkward; caucasian; caucasianmummies; china; famous; genetic; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; history; mummies; reveals; tarimbasin; testing; truth; xinjiang; xinjiangs
The skull of the "Beauty Of Loulan" has been reconstructed and shows a dark haired Caucasian woman. The Uighur's have adopted the woman (and image) as the mother of their country and her picture is now contained on their money and other 'official' documents.

BTW, I've read that some archaeologists believe that Caucasians actually originate in Gansu Province, China.

1 posted on 04/19/2005 9:08:49 PM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv
GGG Ping.

The Curse Of The Red-Headed-Mummy

2 posted on 04/19/2005 9:11:21 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam

Do you know of any image on the web of this "Beauty Of Loulan"?


3 posted on 04/19/2005 9:12:31 PM PDT by Publius6961 (The most abundant things in the universe are ignorance, stupidity and hydrogen)
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To: blam

This should not surprise anyone. The "XiongNu" as the Chinese call it during the Han Dynasty had blonde hair (at least some do). After Han Wudi defeated the Xiongnu, it broke up into 3 tribes, one went east and became the latter Mongolians.


4 posted on 04/19/2005 9:13:23 PM PDT by pganini
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To: pganini
"After Han Wudi defeated the Xiongnu, it broke up into 3 tribes, one went east and became the latter Mongolians."

I know there are many Chinese poems about the green eyes of the Han Emperors. BTW, the Xiongnu were the fiercest fighters of their period.

5 posted on 04/19/2005 9:19:23 PM PDT by blam
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To: pganini
Sand-Covered Huns City Unearthed (Xiongnu)
6 posted on 04/19/2005 9:24:11 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
[Yingpan Man not only had a gold foil death mask -- a Greek tradition -- covering his blonde bearded face, but also wore elaborate golden embroidered red and maroon garments with seemingly Western European designs. His nearly 2.00 meter (six-foot, six-inch) long body is the tallest of all the mummies found so far and the clothes and artifacts discovered in the surrounding tombs suggest the highest level of Caucasoid civilization in the ancient Tarim Basin region.]


Sounds like he was a Viking. :^)
7 posted on 04/19/2005 9:26:53 PM PDT by spinestein
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To: spinestein

That fits pretty well.


8 posted on 04/19/2005 9:31:25 PM PDT by datura (Fix bayonets.)
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To: spinestein

The Vikings wear purple....


9 posted on 04/19/2005 9:31:25 PM PDT by Right Angler
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To: spinestein; Publius6961
"Do you know of any image on the web of this "Beauty Of Loulan"?"

I've posted her image before but can't find one presently. Here are some sketches of some of the mummies.

Chinese Mummies

"Sounds like he was a Viking. :^)"

They have been connected with the Celts of Halstatt, Austria.


10 posted on 04/19/2005 9:34:41 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
Christian Designs Found In Tombstones Of Eastern Han Dynasty
11 posted on 04/19/2005 9:39:38 PM PDT by blam
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To: Publius6961
Do you know of any image on the web of this "Beauty Of Loulan"?


12 posted on 04/19/2005 9:42:41 PM PDT by paleocon patriarch ("Never attribute to a conspiracy that which can be explained by incompetence.")
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To: spinestein
Blond, Greek or whatever, he sure was headed the wrong way.
He was probably a warrior, whether voluntarily or not. Rich kings often paid good money for men like that, sometimes whole armies of them.
13 posted on 04/19/2005 9:55:18 PM PDT by Graymatter
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To: blam; FairOpinion; Ernest_at_the_Beach; SunkenCiv; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; 4ConservativeJustices; ...
Thanks Blam.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on, off, or alter the "Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list --
Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
The GGG Digest
-- Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

14 posted on 04/19/2005 10:10:00 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FR profiled updated Monday, April 11, 2005. Fewer graphics, faster loading.)
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To: blam

b


15 posted on 04/19/2005 10:11:59 PM PDT by Quixotical
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To: Publius6961
Do you know of any image on the web of this "Beauty Of Loulan"?

I hear Bill Clinton used to date her...

16 posted on 04/19/2005 10:15:30 PM PDT by BradyLS (DO NOT FEED THE BEARS!)
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To: BradyLS
Ping to myself for later.
17 posted on 04/19/2005 10:21:59 PM PDT by rdl6989 (If it drives the left into fits, its a good thing.)
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To: blam

China owes me retribution for taking the land away from my Caucasian ancestors.


18 posted on 04/19/2005 10:27:54 PM PDT by DannyTN
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To: blam

There were the fiercest fighters in their period and Han almost lost if not for Wudi. He basically emulated their fighting style (light calvary brigades instead of mass infantry), incorporated their horses into the Chinese calvary and crushed them. They won the war with mostly about 40-50 thousand men against XiongNu's over 200,000 (outnumbering by 4-1). After that, part of Xinjiang today belonged to China and the Silk Road is opened to the West.

Yeah, there are traces of the Hun from Xiongnu as well as mongolians/Russians. Basically Kazhakstan, and people around taht region were the XiongNu's.


19 posted on 04/19/2005 11:02:41 PM PDT by pganini
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To: pganini
"There were the fiercest fighters in their period and Han almost lost if not for Wudi."

He had the help of another Caucasian tribe named the Yuezhi who had already been beaten by the Xiongnu.
The Chinese came to know them as the greater and lesser Yuezhi, the greater Yuezi allied with the Han against the Xiongnu.

20 posted on 04/20/2005 6:11:43 AM PDT by blam
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To: pganini

BTW, there are graveyards in the area that contain only Caucasian skeletons that date all the way up to the 1300'sAD. In The Loulan region, the Mongoloids and Caucasians began to mix around the 100-200BC time frame. Previous to that time, there were no Mongoloid skeletons anywhere in the region.


21 posted on 04/20/2005 6:23:27 AM PDT by blam
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To: TigerLikesRooster; nuconvert
"Beauty Of Loulan" ping
22 posted on 04/24/2005 1:52:49 PM PDT by AdmSmith
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To: AdmSmith; blam

Thanks.
And thank you, blam, for all your info.


23 posted on 04/24/2005 8:10:56 PM PDT by nuconvert (No More Axis of Evil by Christmas ! TLR)
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To: blam

Since the mummies are 4,000 years old how can they be used as a rallying point for Muslims in Uighur? When did Islam reach Uighur? 1200 years ago?? I’ve never heard any, but our own home grown Nation of Islam, Muslim claim that Islam is a race based religion.


24 posted on 02/02/2008 8:01:27 AM PST by xkaydet65
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To: blam

referanceping


25 posted on 02/02/2008 8:31:45 AM PST by Para-Ord.45
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To: xkaydet65
On The Presence Of Non-Chinese At Anyang
26 posted on 02/02/2008 9:24:09 AM PST by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
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Ping


27 posted on 01/03/2010 12:50:44 PM PST by Britt0n
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To: blam

Excellent article here. More on Tarim Mummies and other mysteries here: http://historicmysteries.com/other-mysteries/the-tarim-mummies-of-xinjiang


28 posted on 02/06/2010 10:41:55 AM PST by jiminhi (historic mysteries, tarim, mummies)
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To: jiminhi
"Excellent article here. More on Tarim Mummies and other mysteries here: http://historicmysteries.com/other-mysteries/the-tarim-mummies-of-xinjiang"

Thanks, I've read all the books on the subject. The one by Victor Mair is the best.

Check the articles linked in post #26 if you're interested in this sort of stuff.

29 posted on 02/06/2010 11:07:48 AM PST by blam
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30 posted on 06/26/2010 2:05:58 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("Fools learn from experience. I prefer to learn from the experience of others." -- Otto von Bismarck)
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