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Neolithic Agricultural Community's Daily Life Shown In Amazing Detail (Greece, 7,500 YA)
Kathimerini ^ | 10-5-2005 | Iota Sykka

Posted on 10/06/2005 4:59:11 PM PDT by blam

Neolithic agricultural community’s daily life shown in amazing detail in dig at ancient site

Well-preserved settlement in Kastoria, northern Greece, dating 7,500 years ago illuminates the characteristics of rural life of the times

Remains of buildings (trenches for foundations, poles, wall coating, floorings) in the western section of the excavation.

By Iota Sykka - Kathimerini

The finds at Avgi in Kastoria are far from common. At a site of 3.5 hectares near the Aghia Triada municipality, a 7,500-year-old rural community has been unearthed. Rare miniature vessels the size of a ring, nine fine impressive stamps, 20 human and animal-shaped idols, two bone flutes, ornaments made from shell, amber and malachite, stone tools, bones and horns as well as extremely well-preserved and technically advanced construction remains are just some of the finds discovered. The undreds of finds together constitute a historical archive of a little-known prehistoric period in Greece and the Balkans — the Neolithic period (7000-4000 BC). The site provides important information about the social relationships developed at that time, how settlements were structured, farming and grazing areas, and the new ideological strategies for survival and reproduction that evolved.

Archaeologists, geologists, sediment experts, mineralogists and architects have all joined forces to unveil the customs and habits of the inhabitants at Neolithic Avgi. “The 1,200 square meters at the site has brought to light dense and extremely well-preserved construction remains that will allow us to broach subjects such as size, density and usage of building installations and free spaces, as well as preserve the architectural features and other buildings to be used in the immediate future — perhaps in situ — for the partial reconstruction of the excavated Neolithic settlement. This will provide visitors with a pleasant and intelligible archaeological area with activities that will enrich their experience of the practices and technologies used in humankind’s more distant past,” said excavator Georgia Stratouli, who is in charge of the excavation team of specialists and postgraduate students from prehistoric archaeological departments of Greek and foreign universities.

Delicate work

This year’s research, which resembles the delicate work of a surgeon, has indeed excited many members of the team at Avgi. The excavators have unearthed “sections of a rectangular ground plan and stonework (foundations and upper structures) in at least four buildings measuring from 80 square meters to 30-40 square meters representing two and three construction phases.

Wooden poles in various arrangements — in a straight line or diagonally positioned in pairs, driven straight into the soil or into prepared shallow trenches measuring 50 centimeters in width — have revealed the techniques applied by builders at that time. The upright poles were tied to each other so as to create a diagonal wooden skeleton and the space in between was then filled in with thick layers of straw to make the walls. These were then coated with a special mixture of clay, similar to plaster, to protect the building from rain, damp and fluctuations in temperature. All this testifies to the care and attention given to the construction of a building at Avgi. Four to six layers and even the color still survive, as do the floors that were covered in a special clay coating that was often renewed due to wear and tear or for social purposes.

“Fine organic remains found on the flooring were examined using a water sieve which revealed large concentrations of plant remains from food, such as grain, pulses and fruit,” the excavator said.

The buildings at Avgi also suggest they might have had lofts or even a second floor.

There is no doubt that the economic sector was developed. There were local and non-local communication and exchange networks for “the provisioning of exotic primary materials and objects such as beads of amber and malachite or bracelets from the seashell Spondylus gaederopus.” The nine clay stamps are exceptionally beautiful, some large and others small. “They have different linear designs on their surface (e.g. motifs with single or double lines),” Stratouli said, while the miniature vessels that were also discovered are considered to be significant finds.

The data archive of the excavation shows that it is “an unusual settlement for prehistoric times in the Balkans, with well-preserved construction remains and imprints on the soil from the falling walls and roofs of the buildings.” When the excavations and the special studies conducted have progressed it might be possible to reconstruct the Avgi buildings and surviving structures in a three-dimensional image. It is also likely that researchers will be able to acquire a better understanding of the social structures, values and identities of the social groups.

Therefore, the researchers might be able to find a coded form of language. “We are still at a very early stage,” said the excavator, who did not hide her belief that a great deal will be revealed at Avgi in the future. “We may have discovered practices that had not been found earlier.” The way they built their structures will soon be revealed.

The site’s excavation has also unearthed large building structures.

The mayor of Aghia Triada, together with the 17th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, is planning undertakings with funding from the European program INTERREG III/Greece-Albania, which will assist in the documentation and showcasing of the finds.

It is also hoped that this will generate an “exchange of views and know-how among archaeologists from within the borders of South Korytsas and facilitate visits to prehistoric sites in northwestern Greece and southern Albania, contributing thus to fostering cross-border relations of friendship and cooperation.”

TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: 7500; agricultural; amazing; ancient; communitys; daily; detail; dig; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; greece; life; neolithic; shown; site

1 posted on 10/06/2005 4:59:24 PM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG Ping.

2 posted on 10/06/2005 5:00:14 PM PDT by blam
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To: eleni121

Greece Ping

3 posted on 10/06/2005 5:06:12 PM PDT by kiki04 ("If a little knowledge is dangerous, where is a man who has so much as to be out of danger?" - THH)
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To: blam


Neat stuff, another thanks to you blam

4 posted on 10/06/2005 5:07:25 PM PDT by TexasTransplant (NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSET)
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To: blam

Hmmmm.... My pastor says that the world was created only 5,000 years ago.

5 posted on 10/06/2005 5:20:19 PM PDT by Brilliant
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To: Brilliant

Don't believe everything your pastor tells you.

6 posted on 10/06/2005 5:29:44 PM PDT by Youngblood
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To: Youngblood

If I did, I would not have said that "my pastor says...."

7 posted on 10/06/2005 5:31:00 PM PDT by Brilliant
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To: blam

I have traumatic early-childhood memories of Kastoria.

(I just thought it was spelled with a "c".)

8 posted on 10/06/2005 7:15:39 PM PDT by Triggerhippie (Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.)
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To: blam; FairOpinion; Ernest_at_the_Beach; StayAt HomeMother; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; asp1; ...
Thanks Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
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9 posted on 10/06/2005 10:44:33 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Down with Dhimmicrats! I last updated by FR profile on Sunday, August 14, 2005.)
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Prehistoric cave of Theopetra will soon open to visitors
16 April 2005
Sources: Kathimerini (12 April 2005)

Work is to begin on making the cave of Theopetra in Thessaly (Greece) accessible to visitors. The cave is a unique prehistoric site that was continuously inhabited from the Middle Paleolithic (110000 BCE) to the Upper Paleolithic period (3000 BCE).

One of the most striking discoveries of the 14-year excavation was four human footprints in a row, from four different individuals, probably children. Other finds include skeletons from 15000, 9000 and 8000 BCE, bone objects, stone tools, lumps of clay, traces of plants and seeds that reveal dietary habits, and evidence of the climate and the changes it underwent.

Evaluating the evidence, experts say that the climate of what is now Thessaly was warm in the Lower Paleolithic period compared with the ice ages of the Middle Paleolithic. Carbon dating showed that remains of fire found in the lowest anthropogenic strata were 46,330 years old.

The cave, which is being excavated by Ephor Nina Kyparissi, is the only one being explored in Thessaly and the only one in Greece with finds from the Middle Paleolithic Age up to 3000 BCE that are significant because they show the transition from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic way of life in the area.

The Central Archaeological Council (KAS) approved the study for the construction of pathways and special access ramps for people with limited mobility, but insisted that the ticket office and service area be located away from the entrance to the cave. The local community of Vassilika is seriously considering founding a museum.

10 posted on 10/07/2005 9:01:16 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Down with Dhimmicrats! I last updated by FR profile on Sunday, August 14, 2005.)
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To: kiki04

Thanks for the ping.

What a beautiful part of the world...northwest Greece, in fact all of Greece. Magical place.

Next summer...hopefully

11 posted on 10/07/2005 12:36:28 PM PDT by eleni121 ('Thou hast conquered, O Galilean!' (Julian the Apostate))
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To: eleni121

I was suppose to go to Rhodes next August with my daughter, mom, yiayia and papou, but not now, since we are due with #2 end of May now.

I'm jealous if you get to go!!!

12 posted on 10/07/2005 1:10:14 PM PDT by kiki04 ("If a little knowledge is dangerous, where is a man who has so much as to be out of danger?" - THH)
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To: kiki04

Congratulations with blessed #2!

Rhodos can wait......

13 posted on 10/07/2005 1:19:25 PM PDT by eleni121 ('Thou hast conquered, O Galilean!' (Julian the Apostate))
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14 posted on 11/14/2010 7:28:41 PM PST by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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