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Egypt Archaeologists May Have Found Alexander the Greatís Tomb
Greek Worls Reporter ^ | Nikoleta Kalmouki

Posted on 05/03/2014 5:08:39 AM PDT by blam

Egypt Archaeologists May Have Found Alexander the Great’s Tomb

Nikoleta Kalmouki
April 30, 2014

In Egypt, a team of archaeologists and historians from the Polish Center of Archaeology have revealed a mausoleum made of marble and gold that might be the tomb of Alexander the Great. The site is situated in an area known as Kom el-Dikka in the heart of downtown Alexandria, only 60 meters away from the Mosque of Nebi Daniel.

The monument was apparently sealed off and hidden in the 3rd or 4th century AD, to protect it from the Christian repression and destruction of pagan monuments after the change of the official religion within the Roman Empire. It is a testimony to the multicultural nature of Alexander’s empire, as it combines artistic and architectural influences from Greek, Egyptian, and Persian cultures. The inscriptions are mainly in Greek but there are also a few Egyptian hieroglyphs, mentioning that the mausoleum is dedicated to the “King of Kings, and Conqueror of the World, Alexander III.” The finding is extremely important as it can provide new information about Alexander the Great.

The mausoleum contains a broken sarcophagus made of crystal glass, 37 bones, mostly heavily damaged but presumably all from the same adult male, as well as some broken pottery dating from the Ptolemaic and Roman ages. A carbon-dating analysis and a series of other tests will determine the age of the bones and whether or not they belong to the Macedonian King.

(Excerpt) Read more at world.greekreporter.com ...


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: alexanderthegreat; egypt; epigraphyandlanguage; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; greece; helixmakemineadouble; komeldikka; macedonia; macedonian; macedonians; mosqueofnebidaniel
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1 posted on 05/03/2014 5:08:39 AM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv

Of Interest!


2 posted on 05/03/2014 5:12:17 AM PDT by left that other site (You shall know the Truth, and The Truth Shall Set You Free.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Researchers Have Solved The Mystery Of How The Egyptians Made The Pyramids
3 posted on 05/03/2014 5:12:45 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam

BookMark


4 posted on 05/03/2014 5:22:13 AM PDT by thesearethetimes... ("Courage, is fear that has said its prayers." Dorothy Bernard)
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To: blam
Reminds me of the walking Easter Island statues. The scientist looked at the paintings for the clues on the pyraminds, and the locals knew the statues 'walked' on Easter Island.
5 posted on 05/03/2014 5:22:56 AM PDT by Theoria (End Socialism : No more GOP and Dem candidates)
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To: blam
He had an arrow wound that should show up on the skeletal remains.

/johnny

6 posted on 05/03/2014 5:27:14 AM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: blam
We went out a few times, but he wasn't that great. Helen thomas photo: Helen Thomas helen.jpg
7 posted on 05/03/2014 5:32:44 AM PDT by tumblindice (America's founding fathers: all armed conservatives)
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To: left that other site; blam; 240B; 75thOVI; Adder; albertp; asgardshill; At the Window; bitt; blu; ..
Thanks! And what a great weekly Digest ping!

Finally -- the rumor that it had not been destroyed but hidden away has persisted down the centuries. The sarcophagus was robbed, obviously, but it's probable that these are the surviving bones of Alexander the Great. I believe that bone fragments were also recovered from the tomb of his father in Macedonia...

8 posted on 05/03/2014 5:38:17 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

My Pleasure, Sunken Civ! :-)


9 posted on 05/03/2014 5:39:04 AM PDT by left that other site (You shall know the Truth, and The Truth Shall Set You Free.)
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FR Canteen ~ Alexander The Great: Conclusion ~ January 13, 2004
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/fr/1056860/posts

> Some centuries later, Alexander’s golden sarcophagus was melted down for coinage by the Ptolomius XI (116-107, 87-81 B.C.) and replaced with one of alabaster. Strabo (17. C 794), who visited Alexander’s tomb himself in the first century A.D.

Greek language engravings discovered in Alexandria
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/1706444/posts?page=8#8

> [Young Werther] Legend has it that Alexander’s Sarcophogus was crystalline and that he was “buried in the Euphrates river. There is a competing legend that he sarcopogus was carried back to Egypt and taken out to the desert and buried with the Pharohs at, I think Hamunaptra! Supposedly Mark Anthony was taken there by Cleopatra’s priests to kneel at Alexanders sarcophogus!

Macedonia’s ‘Indiana Jones’ Won’t Rest Until He Finds Alexander’s Tomb
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/2962487/posts

> “We opt for the second theory, that there is a grave in Egypt but that Alexander is not there because on the request of his mother, Olympia, the sarcophagi were replaced and one coffin was sent to Egypt, while the other traveled to Macedonia, where Alexander is buried.


10 posted on 05/03/2014 5:48:42 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam

Cool.


11 posted on 05/03/2014 5:54:47 AM PDT by Chainmail (A simple rule of life: if you can be blamed, you're responsible.)
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To: SunkenCiv

If true—this is one of the greatest finds in Western Civilization.


12 posted on 05/03/2014 5:56:26 AM PDT by Forward the Light Brigade (Into the Jaws of H*ll)
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To: blam
Wow! They have been looking for that since... The other thing is the tragic burning of the library there by the Romans.
13 posted on 05/03/2014 5:56:53 AM PDT by crz
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To: blam

Thanks blam. This looks like a winner for the moving of those massive one-piece statues, but doesn’t do much for the pyramind construction. :’)

http://www.livescience.com/45285-how-egyptians-moved-pyramid-stones.html


14 posted on 05/03/2014 5:56:59 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam

Now someone has to make sure the Moslems don’t destroy it.


15 posted on 05/03/2014 5:59:10 AM PDT by Dr. Sivana ("I'm a Contra" -- President Ronald Reagan)
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To: blam

I wonder of there is any way of determining whether it was malaria that killed him. As a malaria sufferer, I am curious. This is a fascinating find.


16 posted on 05/03/2014 6:10:58 AM PDT by Jemian
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To: blam

Glass coffin filled with honey. Glass broken, honey gone. Sounds plausible.


17 posted on 05/03/2014 6:11:45 AM PDT by WorkingClassFilth
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To: blam

No pictures?


18 posted on 05/03/2014 6:20:07 AM PDT by Little Ray (How did I end up in this hand-basket, and why is it getting so hot?)
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To: Forward the Light Brigade; SunkenCiv

I agree it is a great find. Which gives me an idea.

Sunken Civ, why don’t you put together a poll to find out how FRreepers rate the top 10 (or 20) archeological finds of past 200 years. Survey Monkey has a very easy step by step process for producing your own poll and it’s free.

I trust Sunken Civ to have all the great ones at his fingertips, but he could ask for suggestions from his GGG mailing list.


19 posted on 05/03/2014 6:47:38 AM PDT by wildbill
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To: crz

The Romans didn’t burn the library, it existed for centuries thereafter.


20 posted on 05/03/2014 6:50:12 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: wildbill

Hey, not bad... I could have some real fun with that...


21 posted on 05/03/2014 6:51:00 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Wasn’t an earlier library burned when Julius Caesar was there hobnobbing with Cleopatra?


22 posted on 05/03/2014 7:11:35 AM PDT by Ruy Dias de Bivar (Sometimes you need 7+ more ammo. LOTS MORE.)
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To: SunkenCiv

They burned most of it..if not all.

The muslim burned what was left.


23 posted on 05/03/2014 7:19:06 AM PDT by crz
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To: blam

Great!


24 posted on 05/03/2014 7:25:59 AM PDT by DannyTN
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To: SunkenCiv
This is interesting:

Director Hopes to Promote Greek Cinema in China

You can hear the jokes writing themselves.

The Chinese: It's all Greek to me.

The Greeks: For all I know, they might as well have been speaking Chinese.

25 posted on 05/03/2014 7:45:21 AM PDT by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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To: blam
"The monument was apparently sealed off and hidden in the 3rd or 4th century AD, to protect it from the Christian repression and destruction of pagan monuments after the change of the official religion within the Roman Empire. "

Just 60 meters from a mosque -- in muzzie-mad Egypt... How long will it be before this tomb (especially if it has any graphics or statuary) receives "the Bamiyan treatment?


26 posted on 05/03/2014 8:06:44 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias... "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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To: crz

Not even any of it — Caesar was in the citadel, which is where the library was; he had the Egyptian fleet set on fire in the night to clear the harbor and spread discord and bad morale among his adversaries; the fire spread to one of the dockside warehouses, consuming all within, including “some books which chanced to be there.” The library continued in use until the muzzie conquest, when the caliph sent word that it was all to be burned. The anecdote about it is, it took six months to burn it all, in the stoves used to heat the many public baths in the city.


27 posted on 05/03/2014 8:14:06 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Ruy Dias de Bivar

No, there was just the one great library, and no, Caesar didn’t burn it. That idiotic movie from the early 1960s got all sanctimonious about it, because, y’know, it was art. Or rather, alleged art.


28 posted on 05/03/2014 8:15:46 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: 1010RD

“Is that a set of patriotic chopsticks, or are you just happy to see that craft services is serving chicken fried rice?


29 posted on 05/03/2014 8:19:41 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam
The depicted mural is from another, previously documented site, but the find of a "sarcophagus made of crystal glass" certainly fits with extant descriptions of Alexander's tomb.

The "crystal glass" is the one artifact from this tomb that I would most like to examine in a well-equipped analytical lab...

30 posted on 05/03/2014 8:19:49 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias... "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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To: SunkenCiv; blam
Outstanding!!

Thanks for the "Heads up!", FRiends!

31 posted on 05/03/2014 8:23:33 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias... "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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To: blam
How the Pyramids Were Made
32 posted on 05/03/2014 8:24:43 AM PDT by Jeff Chandler (Obamacare: You can't make an omelette without breaking a few eggs.)
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To: SunkenCiv

37 bones

Hmmm...it’s been a little while since I took those physical anthropology classes. Well, decades actually...but IIRC there are a LOT more bones in the body than 37.


33 posted on 05/03/2014 9:08:51 AM PDT by BenLurkin (This is not a statement of fact. It is either opinion or satire; or both.)
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To: SunkenCiv

So says you..


34 posted on 05/03/2014 9:15:57 AM PDT by crz
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To: wildbill

Yeah, I suggested going back 200 years because you might find some stuff that was first located in the 1800, eg. Rosetta stone.


35 posted on 05/03/2014 9:27:06 AM PDT by wildbill
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To: blam

How long before the islamists destroy the site and build a mosque?

Thanx for the post. Makes this site extra special.


36 posted on 05/03/2014 9:28:34 AM PDT by morphing libertarian
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To: thesearethetimes...

DITTO on bookmarks


37 posted on 05/03/2014 9:30:59 AM PDT by pollywog ("O Thou who changest not, abide with me.".......)
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To: blam

History’s first great megalomaniac.


38 posted on 05/03/2014 10:06:51 AM PDT by ZULU (Devil Patrick FREE Justina Pelletier!!!)
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To: WorkingClassFilth
If his remains were packed in honey, that's a Sumerian tradition. Not certain how long that practice lasted past the sack of Ur III (c. 1912 BC). But a lot of influences did, including the language (the curia's "Latin" of the 2nd and 1st millenium BC, at least up to the Seleucid, and that would include Alexander's successors. Anyone know why Ptolemy won out over the Seleucids for the tomb site?

Did Ptolemy take possession?

His one-eyed father Philip's tomb was almost certainly uncovered just a few years ago.

39 posted on 05/03/2014 10:47:40 AM PDT by Prospero (Si Deus trucido mihi, ego etiam fides Deus.)
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To: Jemian
"I wonder of there is any way of determining whether it was malaria that killed him. As a malaria sufferer, I am curious. This is a fascinating find."

I've read speculation that it may have been West Nile Virus too.

40 posted on 05/03/2014 12:07:28 PM PDT by blam
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To: crz

Uh, right back at you. Nyah nyah.


41 posted on 05/03/2014 12:24:22 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: BenLurkin

:’) Yes, but 37 is the number which remain.


42 posted on 05/03/2014 12:32:19 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Jeff Chandler

Nice link, I love that guy’s theory.


43 posted on 05/03/2014 12:33:13 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Prospero

Ptolemy may have been the only one who gave it a try. Originally (it sez somewhere around here) the crystal sarco was put into the Euphrates (presumably in a monument of some kind), then Ptolemy grabbed it and built the tomb in Alexandria. Apparently Seleucus realized what a great idea that had been, and built some sort of cenotaph or other monument in Macedonia or Greece somewhere.


44 posted on 05/03/2014 12:36:44 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: TXnMA

:’) I’ll go out on a limb right now and say, this will prove to be the biggest archaeology news of 2014. If someone finally uses remote imaging, good luck, a lot of zigzagging, and a metal detector to turn up Cambyses’ Lost Army, that would be a close second. :’)


45 posted on 05/03/2014 12:39:10 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Prospero
Reportedly Ptolemy hijacked the sarcophagus when it was on its way to Macedonia.

Whether the tomb found in Verghina in the 1970s was that of Philip II (Alexander's father) or of another member of the family (like Philip III Arrhidaeus) has been hotly debated--scholars are divided on the question of whose tomb it is.

46 posted on 05/03/2014 12:47:06 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: SunkenCiv
"After the main library was fully destroyed, ancient scholars used a "daughter library" in a temple known as the Serapeum, located in another part of the city. According to Socrates of Constantinople, Coptic Pope Theophilus destroyed the Serapeum in 391 AD."

More wood for the fire.

47 posted on 05/03/2014 12:48:07 PM PDT by <1/1,000,000th%
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To: TXnMA

The mosaic is the so-called Alexander Mosaic, found at Pompeii (now in the archaeological museum in Naples), thought to be a reproduction of an earlier painting.


48 posted on 05/03/2014 12:49:30 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: blam

I never even knew he lost it.........Hopefully they have a current address for him and can send it back.


49 posted on 05/03/2014 12:50:11 PM PDT by Hot Tabasco (Under Reagan spring always arrived on time.....)
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To: SunkenCiv
There is a good chance the library was already gone before the Muslim conquest.

It may have been destroyed in 273 during the war between Aurelian and Zenobia, or a bit later when Diocletian sacked the city.

Luciano Canfora has a book on the library (The Vanished Library, University of California Press, 1990), but I haven't read it.

50 posted on 05/03/2014 12:52:19 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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