Skip to comments.Stone Age technological and cultural innovation accelerated by climate
Posted on 06/23/2013 4:46:34 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
The latest archaeological excavations in southern Africa have shown that technological innovation, linked to the emergence of culture and modern behaviour, took place abruptly...
An international team of researchers has linked these pulses of innovation to the climate that prevailed in sub-Saharan Africa in that period...
The researchers have pieced together how rainfall patterns varied in southern Africa over the last 100,000 years, by analysing river delta deposits at the edge of the continent, where every millimetre of sediment core corresponds to 25 years of sedimentation. The ratio of iron (dissolved from the rocks by the water during the rains) to potassium (present in arid soils) in each of the millimetre layers is a record of the sediment carried by rivers and therefore of the rainfall throughout the whole period.
The reconstruction of the rainfall over 100,000 years shows a series of spikes that occurred between 40,000 and 80,000 years ago. These spikes show rainfall levels rising sharply over just a few decades, and falling off again soon afterwards, in a matter of centuries. This research has shown that the climate changes coincided with increases in population, activity and production of technology on the part of our ancestors, as seen in the archaeological records. In turn, the end of certain stone tool industries of the period coincides with the onset of a new, drier climate.
(Excerpt) Read more at eurekalert.org ...
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To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
Where are they getting these ridiculous concepts??
Fred Flintstone drove an SUV, ‘nuff said.
That can be nicely misinterpreted....
We’re an adaptable species and environmental changes drive adaptation and innovation.
climate affecting human behavior, cultural evolution and innovation is and OLD idea. I believe the historian Toynbee was among the first to articulate this idea.
To me, it is a reasonable idea. I add to it that local diet can be a factor too. Many local tribes live in areas where there are basic deficiencies like iodine, or toxic excesses like arsenic in well water (a common problem in Bangladesh).
So, it follows that some cultures would have had optimal diets enhancing health and hence cultural development.