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Fighting the Fungus [ Easter Island statues threatened by lichens ]
The Art Newspaper ^ | Saturday, October 9, 2010 | Tina Lepri

Posted on 10/08/2010 5:45:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

Lichen are eating away at the Moai, the 400 volcanic stone heads that dominate the skyline of Easter Island. Earlier treatments to preserve these ancient monoliths at this World Heritage Site called for filling some of the most deeply corroded stones with concrete. Unfortunately, experts think that this treatment might have worsened the damaging effects of the wind and saltwater that batter the Polynesian island. In fact, the lichen may even be feeding off the concrete used to save the Moai.

Professor Lorenzo Casamenti and five of his students from the restoration school Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence have found an inexpensive treatment for the gigantic statues of Rapa Nui -- the indigenous name of Eastern Island.

Casamenti visited Easter Island in 2008 and asked for samples of the island's volcanic rock which, like the Moai, are also contaminated by these dangerous fungi. Lengthy research has now produced a "chemical" solution to the problem. "We have at long last discovered a solvent that destroys the lichen but not the statues," said Casamenti.

He will work in collaboration with archaeologists living on Easter Island who have already attended university courses on stone restoration in Florence. The aim of the treatment is to rid the stones of the "white flowers of evil" that leave holes in the colossal statues.

(Excerpt) Read more at theartnewspaper.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: akuaku; easterisland; ecuador; godsgravesglyphs; longears; moai; rapanui; rongorongo; thorheyerdahl
for the learning new stuff all the time dep't.
Get it off! Lichens threaten to destroy the monolithic Easter Island heads

Fighting the Fungus [ Easter Island statues threatened by lichens ]

1 posted on 10/08/2010 5:45:03 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: JoeProBono; Fred Nerks; decimon; Palter; neverdem; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; ...

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2 posted on 10/08/2010 5:46:28 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: SunkenCiv

All the earth is a grave and nothing escapes it, nothing is so perfect that it does not descend to its tomb. Rivers, rivulets, fountains and waters flow, but never return to their joyful beginnings; anxiously they hasten on the vast realms of the rain god. As they widen their banks, they also fashion the sad urn of their burial.

Filled are the bowels of the earth with pestilential dust once flesh and bone, once animate bodies of man who sat upon thrones, decided cases, presided in council, commanded armies, conquered provinces, possessed treasure, destroyed temples, exulted in their pride, majesty, fortune, praise and power. Vanished are these glories, just as the fearful smoke vanishes that belches forth from the infernal fires of Popocatepetl. Nothing recalls them but the written page.

HUNGRY-COYOTE (NEZAHUALCOYOTL)
King of Texcoco (1431-72)

Texcoco is now part of Mexico City.


3 posted on 10/08/2010 5:48:43 PM PDT by Ancient Drive (DRINK COFFEE! - Do Stupid Things Faster with More Energy!)
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To: SunkenCiv

4 posted on 10/08/2010 5:53:19 PM PDT by Red_Devil 232 (VietVet - USMC All Ready On The Right? All Ready On The Left? All Ready On The Firing Line!)
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To: SunkenCiv

Bleach in a sprayer?


5 posted on 10/08/2010 5:56:33 PM PDT by Winstons Julia (The liberal mantra: Never enough.)
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To: Red_Devil 232

OMG hilarious!


6 posted on 10/08/2010 5:57:20 PM PDT by Winstons Julia (The liberal mantra: Never enough.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Stone god man not be lichen it.


7 posted on 10/08/2010 5:59:49 PM PDT by cripplecreek (Remember the River Raisin! (look it up))
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To: SunkenCiv
...from the restoration school Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence...

Easter Island to experience a Renaissance.

8 posted on 10/08/2010 6:11:00 PM PDT by decimon
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To: Winstons Julia
Boron stops the growth of fungi.

They might want to try regular applications of Ronald Reagan's 20 Mule Team Borax.

9 posted on 10/08/2010 6:28:00 PM PDT by Calvin Locke
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To: SunkenCiv

They have withstood mother nature for centeries, leave them alone for gosh sakes....but man thinks he knows best....personally does anyone really care about a bunch of rocks...not me


10 posted on 10/08/2010 6:49:16 PM PDT by goat granny
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To: SunkenCiv

I hope Squidward reads this.


11 posted on 10/08/2010 7:03:45 PM PDT by Minn
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To: Calvin Locke

Yep, Timbor or something...that’s good for wdf, why not rdf? heh


12 posted on 10/08/2010 7:23:31 PM PDT by Irenic
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To: cripplecreek

So we’ll ask ‘em, “why the long face?”


13 posted on 10/08/2010 7:27:09 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: SunkenCiv
"Hey Dum-Dum, got gum gum?"


14 posted on 10/08/2010 7:29:23 PM PDT by justsaynomore (We've got some altering and abolishing to do! - H. Cain)
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To: Calvin Locke

Seems like the Easter Islanders could have prevented it in the first place if they’d just carved the statues out of boron. Buncha beach bums and slackers.


15 posted on 10/08/2010 7:30:21 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: Winstons Julia

That’s probably banned under environmental laws. ;’)


16 posted on 10/08/2010 7:33:53 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: SunkenCiv

http://www.lichen.com/biology.html

“Lichens are fungi that have discovered agriculture”—lichenologist Trevor Goward.


17 posted on 10/08/2010 7:42:25 PM PDT by DUMBGRUNT (The best is the enemy of the good!)
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To: SunkenCiv

No doubt. There is also the possibility that you build a large building/museum and put the heads in it....

....but that’s prolly redneck thinking. Must have them out there where they originated! Because .. well.. they are warding off the alien invaders or something.


18 posted on 10/08/2010 7:42:41 PM PDT by Winstons Julia (The liberal mantra: Never enough.)
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To: Winstons Julia

I say let them rot. We are crushing ourselves under the weight of all this old junk. What can we possibly gain by expending resources maintaining a thousand old stone heads. I feel the same way about historic buildings and such.


19 posted on 10/08/2010 7:52:26 PM PDT by BRK
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To: SunkenCiv
For years Easter Island is a place I've wanted to visit.Now,I'm more certain than ever that I'll get there.Fascinating place!
20 posted on 10/08/2010 7:55:50 PM PDT by Gay State Conservative (''I don't regret setting bombs,I feel we didn't do enough.'' ->Bill Ayers,Hussein's mentor,9/11/01)
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To: BRK

400 old stone heads. Not 1000.

There’s a lot of room on Earth. A lot.

Maybe they should take the heads and offer to sell them to different countries for their museums?


21 posted on 10/08/2010 8:00:44 PM PDT by Winstons Julia (The liberal mantra: Never enough.)
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To: Ancient Drive

I close my eyes, only for a moment, and the moment’s gone
All my dreams, pass before my eyes, a curiosity
Dust in the wind, all they are is dust in the wind.
Same old song, just a drop of water in an endless sea
All we do, crumbles to the ground, though we refuse to see

Dust in the wind, all we are is dust in the wind

[Now] Don’t hang on, nothing lasts forever but the earth and sky
It slips away, and all your money won’t another minute buy.

Dust in the wind, all we are is dust in the wind
Dust in the wind, everything is dust in the wind.


22 posted on 10/08/2010 8:23:14 PM PDT by Salamander (I can't sleep......the clowns will eat me.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Didn’t the whole culture starve to death after making the heads?


23 posted on 10/09/2010 1:24:07 AM PDT by Del Rapier
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To: SunkenCiv

Didn’t the whole culture starve to death after making the heads?


24 posted on 10/09/2010 1:24:15 AM PDT by Del Rapier
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To: SunkenCiv

I think a strip of zinc on the roof prevents moss from growing. How about some nice zinc hats?


25 posted on 10/09/2010 5:22:41 AM PDT by killermosquito (Buffalo (and eventually France) is what you get when liberalism runs its course.)
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To: killermosquito

26 posted on 10/09/2010 7:11:48 AM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet - Visualize)
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To: Del Rapier

Their own oral tradition is, there were three major revolts against the ruling Long-ears; each time the Long-ears and families would take refuge on a neck of land they had fortified with stones, earth, and fire. The third time this happened they were betrayed (by a woman who had married in from the Short-ears) and were slaughtered but for one. Later on a couple Long-ears who had escaped to the quarry but had starved to death there became the models for a traditional common subject for wood carving:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skeletal_easter_island_statue.JPG
http://www.google.com/images?q=wood+carving+easter+island

In the quarry itself there’s an unfinished statue, all but done, over 90 feet in length, which is speculated to have been the last straw. In that scenario, the Short-ears threw down their tools (which supposedly can still be found in the quarry) and rebelled.

What followed was the Birdman phase, which lasted perhaps 100-150 years, and a lot of that time the extended families spent hiding in their own caves, involved in an island-wide feud. There is of course a strictly political view that everything on the island was peachy until Europeans visited and destroyed the entire ecosystem. This outlook is exactly congruent with the Nation of Islam’s idiotic racist fantasy about the past.

Europeans first arrived in the form of Captain Cook’s expedition, I think. An earlier voyage to find this rumored island was a failure because the titular head of the expedition couldn’t get the pee-pants captain to sail in the correct direction. Had that succeeded, Europeans would have arrived when the statues were still being built! That would have settled a lot of questions I think, and perhaps have resulted in a continuity that is lacking now.

Interesting, a bearded statue:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rano_Raraku#Tukuturi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moai_Easter_Island_geod0095.jpg

the wiki-wacky pedia entry:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Island


27 posted on 10/09/2010 8:38:20 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: Gay State Conservative

There used to be specialty cruises advertised in “Archaeology” mag et al, going to the Galapagos (that name just cries out to be pronounced “Gal oh PAY goes”) and seems to me once in a while they had Easter Island cruises. It can’t be much of a cruise, but you’d see a part of the Earth’s wet surface that over 99 percent of humanity has never seen. :’)

Years ago in “Strange” magazine (published by the late Mark Chorvinsky) Vincent Gaddis (an old stage magician and anomalist) penned an article about vanished islands and mystery lands that was very interesting; the one that is in context here is a small, inhabited archipelago w of Panama (a long way west) which was obscure and unheard of. An otherwise obscure 18th c ship’s captain learned of it from a priest who had lived on the islands, and who told him its discovery history and location. The captain sailed off to visit it, but couldn’t find it. He did however find floating debris, including broken nearly-whole trees, suggestive of submergence (volcanic eruption? landslide?) of a landmass.


28 posted on 10/09/2010 8:48:45 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: killermosquito

I’ve got some in the kitchen. In fact, I’ve got everything in the kitchen. Oh wait. I’ve got everything in there except the kitchen zinc.


29 posted on 10/09/2010 8:49:59 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Interesting stuff.Yes,the disappearance of that island you mention certainly could have been the result of a volcanic eruption.God knows the Pacific has enough volcanoes...known and unknown.Regarding Easter Island,I've never been on a cruise and I don't plan on doing so in the future (too boring) but I just read recently that the Chilean national airline has regular flights (I think it was twice a week) to the Easter Islands (which Chile owns).That's very probably the way I'd go.IIRC,that flight continues on to French Polynesia which I'd also like to see.

Who knows! ;-)

30 posted on 10/09/2010 9:32:12 AM PDT by Gay State Conservative (''I don't regret setting bombs,I feel we didn't do enough.'' ->Bill Ayers,Hussein's mentor,9/11/01)
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To: SunkenCiv

31 posted on 10/11/2010 12:29:44 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

This brings up the difficulty of convincing tourists to visit Moldavia.


32 posted on 10/11/2010 1:10:37 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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