Skip to comments.Ancient DNA (Cheddar Man, Otzi, Etc)
Posted on 01/07/2007 5:11:17 PM PST by blam
To see the DNA results of some of the ancient people click here. You'll have to scan around to find this exact page but it contains many links of interest.
A compilation of DNA haplotypes extracted from ancient remains
In 1903, skeletal remains were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The remains of a 23 year-old man, who was killed by a blow to the face, were discovered to be at least 9,000 years old. Ninety-four years after the discovery of "Cheddar Man", scientists were able to extract mitochondrial DNA from his tooth cavity. Name Haplo Haplotype Cheddar Man U5a 16192T, 16270T
Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett. (More) on Cheddar Man.
Ice Man - Otzi of Italy
Widely known as "Otzi (Oetzi)" the Iceman found in 1991 in the Italian Alps, is also known as "Similaun Man". Of the Neolithic era, Otzi lived between 3350-3300 B.C. in the "Copper Age". He was believed to be 46-years old when he died at the top of a mountain pass from wounds received. (More)
Name Haplo Haplotype Ice Man K 16224C, 16311C
Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru
Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995. She was sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago. Her body lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice cap.
Name Haplo Haplotype Ice Maiden A 16111T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A
Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke
A doctor, but better known as the biblical author of the "Gospel According to Luke", Luke the Evangelist was believed to have been born in Antioch, in the Roman province of Syria. Historical sources cite that he died at the age of 84 in Thebes (Greece) around the year 150 A.D. His body was interred first in Constantinople, and then later transferred to Padua, Italy. Geneticists have tested the remains believed to be those of Luke, and sampled Syrian and Greek populations for comparison. They've determined that the body attributed as Luke's, is likely of Syrian origin. (Source)
Name Haplo Haplotype Luke H 16235G, 16291T
The Norwich Anglo-Saxon
Is the Anglo-Saxon skeleton found at Norwich Castle indeed of Romani origin as stated in the media? (Source) Or does the young Anglo-Saxon just share a partial haplotype similar to a Romani? (View sequences)
Name Haplo Haplotype Anglo-Saxon X 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T
The DNA Saga of King Tut
Will he or won't he be tested? That is the question! In December 2000, a team of Japanese scientists announced that they had received approval to DNA test the most famous of ancient Egypt's kings. (Source) By 2001, Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities reversed their decision to allow testing. (Source) Another announcement to do forensic testing on King Tut came in 2004, but was halted after a public outcry. (Source)
Western European DNA found in Central Asia
DNA analysis of the remains of nomadic peoples in Kazakhstan provides evidence of Western genetic influence in Asia between the 15th century BC and the 5th century AD. (Source)
mtDNA Lineages from the Basques of Aldaieta
HVR1 mitochondrial DNA sequences from a 6th-7th century Basque burial site reveals a diverse genetic population indicating that the Basques may not have been an "isolated" population. (Source)
2,000 Year-Old Cemetery in Egyin Gol Valley, Mongolia
mtDNA, Y-chromosome DNA and nuclear DNA was successfully extracted from a Mongolian cemetery containing 99 individuals. (Source)
Several ancient Neanderthal remains have been typed and found to differ significantly from human mitochondrial DNA. (Source) Amazingly, a team of scientists in Germany have recovered and sequenced Y-chromosome DNA from a 49,000 year-old Neanderthal. (Source) For more info and sequences
Coming soon: Mycenaean Shaft Graves NOT coming soon: Kennewick Man
NOTE: All of the above haplotypes are the result of scientific genetics studies, and most, if not all, have been published in scientific journals. Submissions of additional haplotypes are welcome, please submit the values along with an online link to the scientific publication of the subject's study to ISOGG. Submissions will be reviewed and ISOGG reserves the right to accept or decline submissions. The purpose of the "Ancient DNA" page is to provide a compilation of DNA results of ancient homo sapiens for comparison and educational purposes only.
Oh geez...I'm R1b...just like Charlie Rose! Yecchhhh...
I'm into chapter four of Stephen Oppenheimer's book, Origins Of The British, and I always thought I knew who I was, a WASP.
Instead, I'm learning that I may be related to Cheddar Man, lol.
Shouldn't it be Central Asian DNA found in Western Europe rather than the other way around? The Aryans are considered to have been based in Central Asia before moving west to Europe, and southeast to Iran, Pakistan, and India.
I have a mtDNA sample from a 5300 year old individual excavated on the California coast. It was determined to have Haplogroup A (the basal haplotype).
That same haplotype is still present in living descendants.
Just think what will be learned in the near future! This method of mtDNA analysis has been common for only about 15 years or so, with most studies coming from just the past few years.
Should get these results submitted for publication within the next few weeks (still waiting for one more determination).
see it's 1500 BC and AD 400.
We are on the verge of some really interesting discoveries. DNA analysis will tell us tons about our ancestors and how each of us are related, where they came from, when they migrated, etc.
It would be nice if the test were cheap and timely such that a portion of the world's population could have their DNA cataloged. Would genealogy research easy.
I think National Geographic has a program and they'll do it for $99.00. I'll see if I can find a link.
Prsent genealogical research is based on the less than tenable theory that a woman's husband was always the biological father of her children. DNA research may put a crimp in this theory.
Cheddar Man, hum? But will they ever find out who cut the cheese?
"You Zog, have work all year saving food to prepare for winter. We have lay on our ass and done nothing. Therefore you must give us 80% of all you food....You get 10%...No make that 5 %..Also that crazy Saber tooth who is killing us all the past 30 year...It you fault. You try to stop him last week from killing us and that make him want to kill us."
ha ha ha good one
Where is the 'homeland' of the haplotype A ?
Where is the 'homeland' of the haplotype A ?
Seems to be eastern Siberia, but I think there's more to be found.
Where, in your area?
Ain't it the truth though!
He was probably performing an early version of the MP cheese shop sketch.
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