Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Kushan Empire (ca. 2nd century B.C.3rd century A.D.)
Metropolitan Museum of Art ^ | circa 2013 | MMA

Posted on 07/21/2013 10:08:33 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

Under the rule of the Kushans, northwest India and adjoining regions participated both in seagoing trade and in commerce along the Silk Road to China. The name Kushan derives from the Chinese term Guishang, used in historical writings to describe one branch of the Yuezhi—a loose confederation of Indo-European people who had been living in northwestern China until they were driven west by another group, the Xiongnu, in 176–160 B.C. The Yuezhi reached Bactria (northwest Afghanistan and Tajikistan) around 135 B.C. Kujula Kadphises united the disparate tribes in the first century B.C. Gradually wresting control of the area from the Scytho-Parthians, the Yuezhi moved south into the northwest Indian region traditionally known as Gandhara (now parts of Pakistan and Afghanistan) and established a capital near Kabul. They had learned to use a form of the Greek alphabet, and Kujula's son was the first Indian ruler to strike gold coins in imitation of the Roman aureus exchanged along the caravan routes.

The rule of Kanishka, the third Kushan emperor who flourished from the late first to the early/mid-second century A.D., was administered from two capitals: Purushapura (now Peshawar) near the Khyber Pass, and Mathura in northern India. Under Kanishka's rule, at the height of the dynasty, Kushan controlled a large territory ranging from the Aral Sea through areas that include present-day Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan into northern India as far east as Benares and as far south as Sanchi.

(Excerpt) Read more at metmuseum.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: afghanistan; china; godsgravesglyphs; india; kushanempire; pakistan; tocharians; uzbekistan
Kushan Empire (ca. 2nd century B.C.–3rd century A.D.)

1 posted on 07/21/2013 10:08:33 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

kushan image search
Google

2 posted on 07/21/2013 10:09:38 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

http://www.beastcoins.com/Kushan/Kushan.htm
http://www.kushan.org/essays/general/general1.htm
http://depts.washington.edu/silkroad/exhibit/kushans/kushans.html


3 posted on 07/21/2013 10:10:31 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kushan_Empire

[snip] The Kushans were one of five branches of the Yuezhi confederation,[5][6] a possibly Tocharian,[7] Indo-European[8] nomadic people who had migrated from the Tarim Basin and settled in ancient Bactria.[6] They may also have been of Iranian origin.[9] During the 1st and early 2nd centuries CE, the Kushans expanded across the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent at least as far as Saketa and Sarnath near Varanasi (Benares), where inscriptions have been found dating to the era of the Kushan emperor Kanishka, which began about 127 CE [10][11][12] Around 152 CE, Kanishka sent his armies north of the Karakoram mountains. They captured territories as far as Kashgar, Khotan and Yarkant, in the Tarim Basin of modern-day Xinjiang, China. A direct road from Gandhara to China was opened which remained under Kushan control for more than 100 years. The security offered by the Kushans encouraged travel across the Khunjerab Pass and facilitated the spread of Mahayana Buddhism to China. [/snip]


4 posted on 07/21/2013 10:11:57 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

5 posted on 07/21/2013 10:12:15 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]


6 posted on 07/21/2013 10:14:33 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Buddhist_art

I’m a big fan of Greco-Buddhist art. Fascinating joining of Eastern and Western traditions, a real legacy of Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic civilizations. Definite Kushan tie-in.


7 posted on 07/21/2013 10:22:08 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy (21st century. I'm not a fan.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
Tocharians

The Tocharians were the easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language in antiquity, inhabiting the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern People's Republic of China. Their unique culture spanned from the 1st millennium BCE to the end of the 1st millennium CE. Their language is called Tocharian.

Archaeology

The Tarim mummies suggest that precursors of these easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language may have lived in the region of the Tarim Basin from around 1800 BCE until finally they were assimilated by Uyghur Turks in the 9th century CE.

8 posted on 07/21/2013 10:28:07 AM PDT by blam
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: blam
On The Presence Of Non-Chinese At Anyang

"It has been suggested that this group may have been a relatively small group of Afanasevo/Tocharian refugees fleeing to the south, away from Indo-Iranian expansion arriving from regions west and southwest of the Sayan-Altai"

9 posted on 07/21/2013 10:48:02 AM PDT by blam
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: ClearCase_guy; blam

Thanks!


10 posted on 07/21/2013 11:22:24 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Interesting.


11 posted on 07/21/2013 3:06:57 PM PDT by OldNewYork (Biden '13. Impeach now.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson