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Skeleton dating clears Columbus of importing syphilis to Europe
The Australian ^ | 25 Oct 2010 | Jack Malvern

Posted on 10/25/2010 5:12:35 AM PDT by Palter

The question of whether Christopher Columbus and his crew were responsible for bringing syphilis to Europe from the Americas appears to have been answered by the discovery of a collection of knobbly skeletons in a London cemetery.

A popular theory among experts in tropical diseases is that outbreaks of syphilis in the mid-1490s were a direct result of Columbus and his randy crew returning from their first voyage across the Atlantic in 1492-93.

However, the largest excavation of skeletons undertaken in Britain has unearthed seven that suggest the disease was known in England up to two centuries before that.

Archaeologists believe that rough patches on the skulls and limbs of skeletons found at St Mary Spital in east London exonerate Columbus's crew.

Samples include a skull of a child of unknown sex who had such bad lesions on its scalp that marks were left on its forehead. The child had received the venereal form of the disease from its mother.

Brian Connell, an osteologist for the Museum of London who has studied the bones, said that he had no doubt that the skeletons were buried before Columbus's voyage. Radiocarbon dating of the samples is estimated to be 95 per cent accurate.

"We're confident that Christopher Columbus is simply not a feature of the emergence and timing of the disease in Europe," he said.

Previous discoveries of apparently syphilitic bones buried in Europe before Columbus's voyage have been inconclusive, he said.

"Either radiocarbon dating analysis was not sufficiently accurate or the diagnosis [of syphilis] was less clear. But this puts the nail in the coffin of the Columbus theory."

The seven syphilitic skeletons from St Mary's Spital, two from 1200-1250 and five from 1250-1400, are not only better preserved than those considered previously, but buried alongside other skeletons and objects such as coins that corroborate radiocarbon dating results.

The burial site received its name from the hospital on the edge of the City of London now known as Spitalfields.

The bones suggest that the victims, probably patients of the hospital, were in considerable pain. The child whose skull has been reconstructed would probably have been blind, bald and beset by toothache.

Its teeth came through at 45 degrees to its jaw, Mr Connell said. "It would have had gross facial disfigurement, which would have been very distressing for the child, who was about 10 years old when it died.

"The skull, which should be smooth, looks like a lunar landscape. It caused a bit of a stir when it was found, because the symptoms are so obvious."

Don Walker, also a human osteologist at the museum, said that the bone markings suggested that the victims suffered from the venereal form of the disease, which is distinct from the non-sexually transmitted forms such as yaws and endemic treponematosis.

Mr Connell said it was probably a coincidence that the first well-documented outbreak of the disease was after Columbus's return.

"People were looking for someone to blame. It was called the French pox by the English and the Spanish pox by the Dutch. We all blamed it on everyone else."

Tahitians thought of it as the British disease. The bones in the graveyard do not suggest a new culprit, but they suggest that it would be unfair to label syphilis the American disease.


TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: columbus; europe; godsgravesglyphs; newworld; syphilis; venerialdisease

1 posted on 10/25/2010 5:12:41 AM PDT by Palter
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To: SunkenCiv

STD, not about Clinton ping.


2 posted on 10/25/2010 5:13:29 AM PDT by Palter (If voting made any difference they wouldn't let us do it. ~ Mark Twain)
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To: Palter

I believe mexico has been determeind as the birthplace of sypillas.


3 posted on 10/25/2010 5:15:03 AM PDT by rrrod (at home in Medellin Colombia)
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To: Palter

Anybody who dates skeletons deserves to get syph, IMHO.


4 posted on 10/25/2010 5:47:35 AM PDT by mmichaels1970
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To: Palter

Couldn’t he have brought back a more infection strain then the European one?


5 posted on 10/25/2010 6:28:34 AM PDT by DManA
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To: Palter


The question of whether Christopher Columbus and his crew were responsible
for bringing syphilis to Europe from the Americas appears to have been
answered by the discovery of a collection of knobbly skeletons in
a London cemetery.

IIRC, The PBS series “Secrets of The Dead” mentioned these skeletons in
England...as well as similarly suspected skeletons in Greece (from
classical times?)
as showing that syphilis was in Europe/England well before Columbus
“sailed the ocean blue”.

(PS: I’m not a doctor nor do I play on on TV!!!)


6 posted on 10/25/2010 6:48:38 AM PDT by VOA
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To: DManA

You got it.

That the first outbreak of “great pox” showed up in 1493 in Italy shortly after Spanish soldiers arrived from the port where Columbus had just returned seems remarkably coincidental. This disease was not recognized as one that had been around forever, but as something new and terrible. During its first decades, itshowed many of the characteristics of a “virgin field” epidemic, but then calmed down a bunch and became approximately the disease we have known and loved ever since.

This is most likely a politically correct attempt to clear “Native Americans” of the guilt of passing on syphillis. Seems a little silly on their part, since the disease transmission was 95% in the other direction.

BTW, the vast majority of what are invariably referred to as “European diseases” are actually African or Asian in origin.


7 posted on 10/25/2010 7:00:50 AM PDT by Sherman Logan (You shall know the truth, and it shall piss you off mightily)
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To: Palter

You just watch, they’re going to try to blame this on the Vikings.


8 posted on 10/25/2010 7:02:05 AM PDT by CholeraJoe (Dude, your I-pod isn't a karaoke machine.)
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To: mmichaels1970

*snort* That’s what I was thinking from the way the headline was written.


9 posted on 10/25/2010 7:04:09 AM PDT by greatplains
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To: VOA
(PS: I’m not a doctor nor do I play on on TV!!!)

However, I have seen you play one at parties.

≤}B^)

10 posted on 10/25/2010 7:55:49 AM PDT by Erasmus (Personal goal: Have a bigger carbon footprint than Tony Robbins.)
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To: Palter; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ..

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Thanks Palter.

And I did laugh at your comment. :')

I think there's been some evidence for syphillis in prehistoric remains, but I'd have to do a search, and you know how much I hate to do that. ;')

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
 

· History topic · history keyword · archaeology keyword · paleontology keyword ·
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11 posted on 10/25/2010 3:34:31 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: mmichaels1970

LOL!


12 posted on 10/25/2010 3:34:59 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: rrrod

Are you saying that this article is incorrect?


13 posted on 10/25/2010 4:02:18 PM PDT by La Lydia
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To: Sherman Logan; SunkenCiv

I thought Columbus crew was accused of taking syphilis to the indians.


14 posted on 10/25/2010 4:03:12 PM PDT by rdl6989 (January 20, 2013- The end of an error.)
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To: Palter
This article is from 1997....

Origins of Syphilis

Syphilis, it seems, developed in the New World from yaws, perhaps 1,600 years ago, and was waiting for Columbus and his crew.

15 posted on 10/25/2010 4:08:15 PM PDT by mewzilla (Still voteless in NY-29. Over 400 roll call votes missed and counting...)
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To: rdl6989

That was the distortion (lie) of the leftist trash in the US academic community during the late 1970s and into the 1980s. Probably started later. A friend of mine bitched about that, he may have “learned” it from his mom for that matter.


16 posted on 10/25/2010 4:57:32 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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To: SunkenCiv
That was the distortion (lie) of the leftist trash in the US academic community during the late 1970s and into the 1980s.

A beware to all: Be careful what you believe that was learned by academia.

17 posted on 10/25/2010 10:06:14 PM PDT by Bellflower (All meaning is in The LORD.)
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To: Palter

Not to worry, they’ll find some other disease to blame him for.


18 posted on 10/26/2010 1:42:09 PM PDT by mass55th (Courage is being scared to death - but saddling up anyway...John Wayne)
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