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'Roman' roads were actually built by the Celts, new book claims
Telegraph (UK) ^ | Sunday, October 13, 2013 | Hayley Dixon

Posted on 10/13/2013 4:02:10 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

The findings of Graham Robb, a biographer and historian, bring into question two millennia of thinking about Iron Age Britain and Europe and the stereotyped image of Celts as barbarous, superstitious tribes...

"They had their own road system on which the Romans later based theirs," Mr Robb said, adding that the roads were built in Britain from around the 1st Century BC.

"It has often been wondered how the Romans managed to build the Fosse Way, which goes from Exeter to Lincoln. They must have known what the finishing point would be, but they didn't conquer that part of Britain until decades later. How did they manage to do that if they didn't follow the Celtic road?"

Mr Robb, former fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, first came up with the theory when he planned to cycle the Via Heraklea, an ancient route that runs a thousand miles in a straight line from the tip of the Iberian Peninsula to the Alps, and realised that it was plotted along the solstice lines through several Celtic settlements.

He mapped the positioning of hundreds of other towns and cities in France, Britain and Ireland and found that the Celt's had organised them to mirror the paths of their Sun God, created a network straight of tracks following the solstice lines across swathes of the continent...

"There is a lot of admiring what the Romans did, but they didn't do it in a void, and it might be nice if there was a more nuanced view of the almighty Romans."

(Excerpt) Read more at telegraph.co.uk ...


TOPICS: Books/Literature; History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: bookreview; britain; carnac; celts; fosseway; france; gaels; gaul; godsgravesglyphs; grahamrobb; ireland; romanbritain; romanempire; theancientpaths; unitedkingdom; viaheraklea; worldhistory
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Part of the Fosse Way in Gloucestershire, which a new book claims was built by the Celts, not the Romans [Photo: ALAMY]

Part of the Fosse Way in Gloucestershire, which a new book claims was built by the Celts, not the Romans [Photo: ALAMY]

1 posted on 10/13/2013 4:02:10 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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The Ancient Paths: Discovering the Lost Map of Celtic Europe, review by Tim Martin

The Ancient Paths: Discovering the Lost Map of Celtic Europe, review

2 posted on 10/13/2013 4:04:36 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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To: Renfield; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...

Thanks Renfield. As much as I'd love to believe this, I don't -- the Roman road system was being built in Italy even before Rome's independence, by the Etruscans, from whom the Romans picked up a lot of their characteristic civil engineering, iow as far back as the 7th c BC.

By the late 3rd and early 2nd c BC, the Roman military road system stretched through the Balkans and into Greece and Anatolia.

It was carried on throughout the empire before the beginning of the conquest of Britain in the 1st c AD, including in large areas which never had a Celtic population.

Let's not forget that the Greeks built roads, including in areas they'd colonized in what is now the French Riviera, iow, Gaul.

Without any kind of scientific dating having been done on the road substrata, the entire book will have to be (for the time being at least) be written off as baseless speculation.

One bit of circumstantial evidence in favor would be the Celts' development of the seamless metal tyre for their chariot and wagon wheels, but obviously that would be advantageous over lousy unimproved two-tracks that apparently prevailed.

3 posted on 10/13/2013 4:14:38 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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To: SunkenCiv

4 posted on 10/13/2013 4:21:25 PM PDT by JoeProBono (SOME IMAGES MAY BE DISTURBING VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED;-{)
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To: SunkenCiv
stereotyped image of Celts as barbarous

I don't know if that image is widespread. The La Tene culture is seen as pretty advanced.

5 posted on 10/13/2013 4:22:33 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: SunkenCiv

They didn’t build anything. Obama did.


6 posted on 10/13/2013 4:32:20 PM PDT by bgill (This reply was mined before it was posted.)
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The Ancient Paths: Discovering the Lost Map of Celtic Europe by Graham Robb
The Ancient Paths:
Discovering the Lost Map of Celtic Europe

by Graham Robb

Kindle Edition
The Discovery of Middle Earth: Mapping the Lost World of the Celts by Graham Robb
The Discovery of Middle Earth:
Mapping the Lost World of the Celts

by Graham Robb

Kindle Edition


7 posted on 10/13/2013 4:42:06 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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To: SunkenCiv

The Celts: Just doing the work the Romans wouldn’t do.


8 posted on 10/13/2013 4:50:28 PM PDT by Michael.SF. (0bama lied, Stevens died, now 0bama covers up the lies.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Well, I'm open to new evidence, but it does sound just a bit revisionist.
9 posted on 10/13/2013 4:55:34 PM PDT by BfloGuy (Workers and consumers are, of course, identical.)
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To: SunkenCiv

This isn’t particularly new info, so I don’t understand the fuss. The romans often paved over existing roads. They’ve been uncovering the vestiges of the older wooden roads. Most of the towns the roman roads tied together through out Europe, already existed... and it would be ridiculous to think they didn’t have roads that led to and fro. In Germany they found the imprints of a pre roman wooden highway which was wider than anything the romans were building.

The Romans have the historical advantage... they built to last and kept meticulous records.


10 posted on 10/13/2013 5:07:55 PM PDT by Katya (Homo Nosce Te Ipsum)
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To: SunkenCiv
Not only could they run, they could drive.


11 posted on 10/13/2013 5:09:25 PM PDT by Fightin Whitey
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To: SunkenCiv

You take the high road and I’ll take the low road, and I’ll be in Scotland before ye.


12 posted on 10/13/2013 5:15:49 PM PDT by yarddog (Romans 8: verses 38 and 39. "For I am persuaded".)
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To: SunkenCiv
"There is a lot of admiring what the Romans did, but they didn't do it in a void, and it might be nice if there was a more nuanced view of the almighty Romans."

Yeah, but the Celts just based their road system on the Ley Lines established by the Atlanteans, so really, this guy should just shut up.

13 posted on 10/13/2013 5:26:02 PM PDT by Flag_This (Term limits.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Great article. Thanks, SC.


14 posted on 10/13/2013 5:34:02 PM PDT by SharpRightTurn (White, black, and red all over--America's affirmative action, metrosexual president.)
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To: Katya

The celts built, what could best be called trails and in some cases improved trails, in today’s lingo.

The Romans built solid lasting road structures. Sometimes over those trail (roads) sometimes not.

Every culture and every period of mankind has created whatever “roads” the peeps felt needful or could afford. In most cases, though, the “roads” were not much more than trails cut through the foliage with dirt compacted by traffic.


15 posted on 10/13/2013 5:52:53 PM PDT by Grimmy (equivocation is but the first step along the road to capitulation)
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To: SunkenCiv

They're driving on the wrong side of the road.

16 posted on 10/13/2013 6:04:01 PM PDT by MuttTheHoople (Nothing is more savage and brutal than justifiably angry Americans. Don’t believe me? Ask the Germa)
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To: Grimmy

Paths worn by goats and other animals were followed by cave men who later widened them and developed them as trails under the city-states and then cleared them wider for wagons and on and on. Eventually they were transformed into superhighways.


17 posted on 10/13/2013 6:12:29 PM PDT by SoCal Pubbie
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To: MUDDOG; SharpRightTurn

Thanks!


18 posted on 10/13/2013 6:23:38 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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To: JoeProBono; bgill; Michael.SF.; Fightin Whitey; yarddog; Flag_This; MuttTheHoople

:’)


19 posted on 10/13/2013 6:23:57 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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To: BfloGuy

I wasn’t surprised to find that other title shown above — there was a newsletter out of the UK called “Stonehenge Viewpoint” which was published on newsprint but was pro-lookin’, unrefereed journal that I used to get. There were some whoppers in there about the mystical ley lines that accounted for “the old straight track”, and reviews of books about the “alignments” of various monuments and mounds which were of wildly different dates — apparently the “alignments” were incomplete for a hundreds or thousands of years until some much later group (from a different culture or five) finally got around to completing it. This author appears to be of the same school.


20 posted on 10/13/2013 6:27:43 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's no coincidence that some "conservatives" echo the hard left.)
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