Skip to comments.Earliest domesticated horses dated 5,500 years ago
Posted on 03/06/2009 8:59:29 AM PST by SunkenCiv
To Hell with AP.
(Excerpt) Read more at news.yahoo.com ...
the rest of the authors: Natalie A. Stear, Robin Bendrey, Sandra Olsen, Alexei Kasparov, Victor Zaibert, Nick Thorpe, Richard P. EvershedThe Earliest Horse Harnessing and MilkingHorse domestication revolutionized transport, communications, and warfare in prehistory, yet the identification of early domestication processes has been problematic. Here, we present three independent lines of evidence demonstrating domestication in the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Kazakhstan, dating to about 3500 B.C.E. Metrical analysis of horse metacarpals shows that Botai horses resemble Bronze Age domestic horses rather than Paleolithic wild horses from the same region. Pathological characteristics indicate that some Botai horses were bridled, perhaps ridden. Organic residue analysis, using 13C and D values of fatty acids, reveals processing of mare's milk and carcass products in ceramics, indicating a developed domestic economy encompassing secondary products.
Alan K. Outram et al
Friday, March 6, 2009
The abstract is in message one, as is "To Hell with AP." To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
· Discover · Nat Geographic · Texas AM Anthro News · Yahoo Anthro & Archaeo · Google ·
· The Archaeology Channel · Excerpt, or Link only? · cgk's list of ping lists ·
Bactrian camel was domesticated 7500 years ago, at least.
Interesting, I didn’t know that.
So that’s what happened. :’) Thanks!
Now if we could only domesticate our automobiles like we did in the 20’s, 30’s and 40’s.
Oh, those primitive Indians, eh!
wow, the were allowed to date back then...??..who would have thunk it....
They could date until they heard the ominous words, “you’re pasture prime.”
Horse domestication revolutionized transport, communications, and warfare in prehistory,
The domestication of the horse and other 'beasts od burden' is one thing that's always been a head scratcher for me. Wherever there's been 'horses', they've always been 'domesticated'. From Asia to Europe and even the Arabs, the horse was domesticated. Even our 'Indians' domesticated the wild horses the Spanish brought to the New World. And where there wern't horse they domesticated Camels and the Elephanst in India.
To my knowledge this has happened everywhere except one place - sub Saharan Africa. Zebras, no and Elephants, no. The Zebra is similar to the smallish Asian horse the Mongols used, so I don't see why none was ever 'tamed'. No 'beast' was ever domesticated so they could RIDE instead of having to walk everywhere. And IMO that's one place riding beats the heck out of walking!
I don't know what the disconnect was but these locals never thought of this concept. I don't mean this to be racist but there must have been something wrong that unlike every other race, 'Africans' never domesticated an animal they could ride.
Maybe an Anthropologist should do a study on this?
or someone told them to knock off the horse play....
I came here for the inevitable Helen Thomas pics, and left fully sighted. :)
When Europeans arrived in Africa, they attempted to domesticate zebras. Other than a couple of examples, they failed. The biggest problem, apparently, is that zebras, more than other equines, tend to panic when startled. They've been more successful when they've crossbred them with horses, donkeys, etc. to create zebroids.
Horses tamed 1,000 years earlier than thought
Times Online | 06 Mar 2009 | Mark Henderson
Posted on 03/06/2009 8:03:54 AM PST by BGHater
I guess you've made a specialty of that kind of info;)
That may be the mane thing they worried about, but I hadn’t herd about it.
Heee hee hee hee hee um hee bwah ha hee hee...
He said Titicaca!!!!
Looks like obama’s family tree.
See, that is my point, "When Europeans arrived."
Going back to pre history (3000 bc) the 'African's' never tried. I know Zebras are 'skittish'. But in all the millenia that passed you'd think by then they (Africans) could have been successful.
I'm sure the first 'horse' any race tried to 'tame' that horse breed would 'tend to panic when startled'.
So basically you’re saying Africans are dumb because they never figured out how to domesticate a wild animal that Europeans, with experience with horses, couldn’t domesticate either, right?
One reason advanced for this is that brucellosis is endemic among bison. People who attempted to live close to bison, or use them for anything but meat, ended up failing to reproduce at a sufficient rate to avoid dying out.
After all, sub-Sahara Africa did domesticate cattle, so it's not as if they were alien to the concept of selective breeding for domestication.
Well the Europeans never domesticated the European Bison either.
Actually a couple of decades afo, the last time I went to the Ringling Brothers, they had a couple of African Elephants among their herd of Asian Elephants. They did not let the customers near them, of course.
Since the article is behind a subscriber firewall I don't know how large these horses were, but the earliest horses known in civilized countries were too small to be ridden by an adult, which is why chariots came earlier in warfare than cavalry.
All these cattle are the same species.
wicked, evil creatures. LOL
Chinese Archaeologists Probe Origin Of Domestic Horses Through DNA
Xinhuanet - China View | 4-1-2006 | Mo Hong’e
Posted on 04/01/2006 2:55:30 PM PST by blam
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.