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Rat DNA Clues To Sea Migration
BBC ^ | 6-8-2004

Posted on 06/08/2004 1:51:08 PM PDT by blam

Rat DNA clues to sea migration

This carving shows Pacific rats on the face of a Polynesian ancestor

Scientists have used DNA from rats to trace migration patterns of the ancestors of today's Polynesians. People are thought to have arrived in Polynesia, comprising the Pacific islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, by boat some 3,000 years ago.

Rat data suggests the journey was more complex than the popular "Express Train" theory, which proposes a rapid dispersal of people from South Asia.

Details appear in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith and Judith Robins from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, analysed variation in the DNA of the Pacific rat (Rattus exulans).

The genetic material was extracted from cell structures called mitochondria rather than the nucleus.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) changes at a steady rate over time, so the scientists were also able to use it to track changes in the rat population over time.

Rats on a ship

They found clear geographic patterns of rat DNA across Oceania. Rats appear in a region known as Near Oceania, which comprises the island of New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Bougainville, after 3,500 years ago.

They apparently hitched a ride on boats used by ancient seafarers known as the Lapita, a people regarded by many researchers as ancestors of modern-day Polynesians.

The rat mtDNA types fell into three haplogroups, or types: I, II and III. Haplogroup I is found primarily in South-East Asia. Haplogroup II was found in South-East Asia and a region known as Near Oceania.

Haplogroup III is only found in an area known as remote Oceania, comprising the islands of Vanuatu, Fiji and Samoa.

The researchers claim this result allows them to reject two well-known theories for the colonisation of Polynesia, including the Express Train To Polynesia (ETP) theory and the Bismarck Archipelago Indigenous Inhabitants (BAII) theory.

These two theories are at opposite ends of the spectrum. The ETP theory focuses on a rapid dispersal from Taiwan to Polynesia. The BAII proposes that there was no migration into Near Oceania, and that the Lapita culture arose from indigenous people in the area.

Matisoo-Smith and Robins argue that the truth was somewhere in-between.

The absence of Haplogroup III rats from Near Oceania seems to preclude a progressive expansion from that area into Remote Oceania where Haplogroup III rats are common.

Instead, the researchers claim, the seafarers who brought Haplogroup III rats to Remote Oceania did not come from nearby New Guinea or the Solomon Islands but from close to the Asian mainland, completely by-passing Near Oceania.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: archaeology; china; clues; dna; economic; gavinmenzies; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; history; migration; navigation; rat; sea

1 posted on 06/08/2004 1:51:11 PM PDT by blam
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To: farmfriend; JimSEA
Support For The Theories Of Dr Steven Oppenheimer?

Eden In The East


2 posted on 06/08/2004 1:57:07 PM PDT by blam
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To: Tax-chick

later


3 posted on 06/08/2004 2:00:48 PM PDT by Tax-chick (The old woman who lives in the 15-passenger van.)
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To: blam

BTTT


4 posted on 06/08/2004 2:05:04 PM PDT by Fiddlstix (This Tagline for sale. (Presented by TagLines R US))
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To: blam; *Gods, Graves, Glyphs; A.J.Armitage; abner; adam_az; AdmSmith; Alas Babylon!; ...
Gods, Graves, Glyphs
List for articles regarding early civilizations , life of all forms, - dinosaurs - etc.
Let me know if you wish to be added or removed from this ping list.
5 posted on 06/08/2004 2:09:28 PM PDT by farmfriend ( In Essentials, Unity...In Non-Essentials, Liberty...In All Things, Charity.)
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To: blam
>>Polynesia, comprising the Pacific islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa...

Fiji is in Polynesia? Are you sure?

6 posted on 06/08/2004 3:40:58 PM PDT by Graymatter
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To: blam

It would seem to but I will have to read up on the Bismarck Archipelago Indigenous Inhabitants (BAII) theory.
It doesn't immediatly make sense to me.


7 posted on 06/08/2004 4:32:01 PM PDT by JimSEA ( "More Bush, Less Taxes.")
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To: Fedora

I think you have a 'thing' for ancient art. Notice the spirals in the picture above. Those are the same spirals painted on Cherchen Man's face.


8 posted on 06/08/2004 5:17:14 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
It could be a spiral akin to the type of Yin-Yang spiral Gunnar Thompson discusses in Nu Sun, but I'd need a closer look at more pictures to build a case for that, so at the moment that's just a thought I toss out FWIW.
9 posted on 06/08/2004 5:49:31 PM PDT by Fedora (Smeagol-Gollum 2004: "We can be our own VP, my Precious")
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To: blam
I always assumed the ancients traveled in boats small enough that they would notice extra vermin.

Mea culpa. I underestimated them and I hate when that happens.

10 posted on 06/08/2004 7:31:34 PM PDT by lizma
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To: blam

LOL I read the title and I thought it was about Clinton dress stains. Interesting information though.


11 posted on 06/08/2004 7:34:13 PM PDT by wagglebee
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To: blam

Support For The Theories Of Dr Steven Oppenheimer?
////////////
I was at the bishop museum in hawaii in February. the dating for the polynesian discovery of the hawaiian islands goes to somewhere between 300 and 800 AD. seems to me this is long after the post ice age rise of the waters.

moreover in the 1980's some archaelogist found a malay/polenesain sailor who knew how to do cross ocean sailing on a small island off the coast of austrailia. so the old polynesian art of cross ocean sailing using the stars and the clouds was given new life around the hawaiian islands

that said, while it seems coastal sailing has been around since--who knows how long--perhaps the end of the last ice age...cross ocean sailing...is a relatively recent phenomenon. the difference in difficulty between coastal sailing and cross ocean sailing is say the difference in difficulty between sending a man around the earth and sending a man to mars.

that cook arrived in hawaii a mere +-1000 years after the polynesians got there does seem to suggest that there was a similiar origin in time/place for both the physical and intellectual tools to cross oceans.


12 posted on 06/08/2004 7:48:57 PM PDT by ckilmer
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13 posted on 04/05/2006 11:30:23 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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Just updating the GGG information, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
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14 posted on 06/18/2007 9:41:01 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Time heals all wounds, particularly when they're not yours. Profile updated June 15, 2007.)
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To: blam

· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic · subscribe ·

 
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Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.

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15 posted on 09/17/2009 5:11:04 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/__Since Jan 3, 2004__Profile updated Monday, January 12, 2009)
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