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Posts by Kevin OMalley

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  • Peru finds ancient burial cave of warrior tribe - Chachapoyas, white-skinned aka "Cloud People"

    10/06/2006 6:46:48 PM PDT · 25 of 37
    Kevin OMalley to Ptarmigan

    You may have something with that Basque connection. Here is an excerpt from a book called "Cod".


    http://us.penguingroup.com/nf/Book/BookDisplay/0,,9780140275018,00.html?sym=EXC

    Cod
    A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World
    Mark Kurlansky - Author




    $14.00 add to cart view cart




    Book: Paperback | 5.27 x 7.12in | 304 pages | ISBN 9780140275018 | 01 Jul 1998 | Penguin






    A delightful romp through history with all its economic forces laid bare, Cod is the biography of a single species of fish, but it may as well be a world history with this humble fish as its recurring main character. Cod, it turns out, is the reason Europeans set sail across the Atlantic, and it is the only reason they could. What did the Vikings eat in icy Greenland and on the five expeditions to America recorded in the Icelandic sagas? Cod, frozen and dried in the frosty air, then broken into pieces and eaten like hardtack. What was the staple of the medieval diet? Cod again, sold salted by the Basques, an enigmatic people with a mysterious, unlimited supply of cod. As we make our way through the centuries of cod history, we also find a delicious legacy of recipes, and the tragic story of environmental failure, of depleted fishing stocks where once their numbers were legendary. In this lovely, thoughtful history, Mark Kurlansky ponders the question: Is the fish that changed the world forever changed by the world's folly?
    1: The Race to Codlandia

    He said it must be Friday, the day he could not sell anything except servings of a fish known in Castile as pollock or in Andalusia as salt cod.

    —Miguel de Cervantes,
    Don Quixote, 1605-1616

    A medieval fisherman is said to have hauled up a three-foot-long cod, which was common enough at the time. And the fact that the cod could talk was not especially surprising. But what was astonishing was that it spoke an unknown language. It spoke Basque.

    This Basque folktale shows not only the Basque attachment to their orphan language, indecipherable to the rest of the world, but also their tie to the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, a fish that has never been found in Basque or even Spanish waters.

    The Basques are enigmatic. They have lived in what is now the northwest corner of Spain and a nick of the French southwest for longer than history records, and not only is the origin of their language unknown, but the origin of the people themselves remains a mystery also. According to one theory, these rosy-cheeked, dark-haired, long-nosed people were the original Iberians, driven by invaders to this mountainous corner between the Pyrenees, the Cantabrian Sierra, and the Bay of Biscay. Or they may be indigenous to this area.
    ....

    Basques have been able to maintain this stubborn independence, despite repression and wars, because they have managed to preserve a strong economy throughout the centuries. Not only are Basques shepherds, but they are also a seafaring people, noted for their successes in commerce. During the Middle Ages, when Europeans ate great quantities of whale meat, the Basques traveled to distant unknown waters and brought back whale. They were able to travel such distances because they had found huge schools of cod and salted their catch, giving them a nutritious food supply that would not spoil on long voyages.

    Basques were not the first to cure cod. Centuries earlier, the Vikings had traveled from Norway to Iceland to Greenland to Canada, and it is not a coincidence that this is the exact range of the Atlantic cod.
    ....

    Eirik colonized this inhospitable land and then tried to push on to new discoveries. But he injured his foot and had to be left behind. His son, Leifur, later known as Leif Eiriksson, sailed on to a place he called Stoneland, which was probably the rocky, barren Labrador coast. "I saw not one cartload of earth, though I landed many places," Jacques Cartier would write of this coast six centuries later. From there, Leif's men turned south to "Woodland" and then "Vineland." The identity of these places is not certain. Woodland could have been Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, or Maine, all three of which are wooded. But in Vineland they found wild grapes, which no one else has discovered in any of these places.

    The remains of a Viking camp have been found in Newfoundland. It is perhaps in that gentler land that the Vikings were greeted by inhabitants they found so violent and hostile that they deemed settlement impossible, a striking assessment to come from a people who had been regularly banished for the habit of murdering people. More than 500 years later the Beothuk tribe of Newfoundland would prevent John Cabot from exploring beyond crossbow range of his ship. The Beothuk apparently did not misjudge Europeans, since soon after Cabot, they were enslaved by the Portuguese, driven inland, hunted by the French and English, and exterminated in a matter of decades.

    How did the Vikings survive in greenless Greenland and earthless Stoneland? How did they have enough provisions to push on to Woodland and Vineland, where they dared not go inland to gather food, and yet they still had enough food to get back? What did these Norsemen eat on the five expeditions to America between 985 and 1011 that have been recorded in the Icelandic sagas? They were able to travel to all these distant, barren shores because they had learned to preserve codfish by hanging it in the frosty winter air until it lost four-fifths of its weight and became a durable woodlike plank. They could break off pieces and chew them, eating it like hardtack. Even earlier than Eirik's day, in the ninth century, Norsemen had already established plants for processing dried cod in Iceland and Norway and were trading the surplus in northern Europe.

    The Basques, unlike the Vikings, had salt, and because fish that was salted before drying lasted longer, the Basques could travel even farther than the Vikings. They had another advantage: The more durable a product, the easier it is to trade. By the year 1000, the Basques had greatly expanded the cod markets to a truly international trade that reached far from the cod's northern habitat.

    In the Mediterranean world, where there were not only salt deposits but a strong enough sun to dry sea salt, salting to preserve food was not a new idea. In preclassical times, Egyptians and Romans had salted fish and developed a thriving trade. Salted meats were popular, and Roman Gaul had been famous for salted and smoked hams. Before they turned to cod, the Basques had sometimes salted whale meat; salt whale was found to be good with peas, and the most prized part of the whale, the tongue, was also often salted.

    Until the twentieth-century refrigerator, spoiled food had been a chronic curse and severely limited trade in many products, especially fish. When the Basque whalers applied to cod the salting techniques they were using on whale, they discovered a particularly good marriage because the cod is virtually without fat, and so if salted and dried well, would rarely spoil. It would outlast whale, which is red meat, and it would outlast herring, a fatty fish that became a popular salted item of the northern countries in the Middle Ages.

    Even dried salted cod will turn if kept long enough in hot humid weather. But for the Middle Ages it was remarkably long-lasting--a miracle comparable to the discovery of the fast-freezing process in the twentieth century, which also debuted with cod. Not only did cod last longer than other salted fish, but it tasted better too. Once dried or salted--or both--and then properly restored through soaking, this fish presents a flaky flesh that to many tastes, even in the modern age of refrigeration, is far superior to the bland white meat of fresh cod. For the poor who could rarely afford fresh fish, it was cheap, high-quality nutrition.

    Catholicism gave the Basques their great opportunity. The medieval church imposed fast days on which sexual intercourse and the eating of flesh were forbidden, but eating "cold" foods was permitted. Because fish came from water, it was deemed cold, as were waterfowl and whale, but meat was considered hot food. The Basques were already selling whale meat to Catholics on "lean days," which, since Friday was the day of Christ's crucifixion, included all Fridays, the forty days of Lent, and various other days of note on the religious calendar. In total, meat was forbidden for almost half the days of the year, and those lean days eventually became salt cod days. Cod became almost a religious icon--a mythological crusader for Christian observance.

    The Basques were getting richer every Friday. But where was all this cod coming from? The Basques, who had never even said where they came from, kept their secret. By the fifteenth century, this was no longer easy to do, because cod had become widely recognized as a highly profitable commodity and commercial interests around Europe were looking for new cod grounds. There were cod off of Iceland and in the North Sea, but the Scandinavians, who had been fishing cod in those waters for thousands of years, had not seen the Basques. The British, who had been fishing for cod well offshore since Roman times, did not run across Basque fishermen even in the fourteenth century, when British fishermen began venturing up to Icelandic waters. The Bretons, who tried to follow the Basques, began talking of a land across the sea.

    In the 1480s, a conflict was brewing between Bristol merchants and the Hanseatic League. The league had been formed in thirteenth-century Lubeck to regulate trade and stand up for the interests of the merchant class in northern German towns. Hanse means "fellowship" in Middle High German. This fellowship organized town by town and spread throughout northern Europe, including London. By controlling the mouths of all the major rivers that ran north from central Europe, from the Rhine to the Vistula, the league was able to control much of European trade and especially Baltic trade. By the fourteenth century, it had chapters as far north as Iceland, as far east as Riga, south to the Ukraine, and west to Venice.

    For many years, the league was seen as a positive force in northern Europe. It stood up against the abuses of monarchs, stopped piracy, dredged channels, and built lighthouses. In England, league members were called Easterlings because they came from the east, and their good reputation is reflected in the word sterling, which comes from Easterling and means "of assured value."

    But the league grew increasingly abusive of its power and ruthless in defense of trade monopolies. In 1381, mobs rose up in England and hunted down Hanseatics, killing anyone who could not say bread and cheese with an English accent.

    The Hanseatics monopolized the Baltic herring trade and in the fifteenth century attempted to do the same with dried cod. By then, dried cod had become an important product in Bristol. Bristol's well-protected but difficult-to-navigate harbor had greatly expanded as a trade center because of its location between Iceland and the Mediterranean. It had become a leading port for dried cod from Iceland and wine, especially sherry, from Spain. But in 1475, the Hanseatic League cut off Bristol merchants from buying Icelandic cod.

    Thomas Croft, a wealthy Bristol customs official, trying to find a new source of cod, went into partnership with John Jay, a Bristol merchant who had what was at the time a Bristol obsession: He believed that somewhere in the Atlantic was an island called Hy-Brasil. In 1480, Jay sent his first ship in search of this island, which he hoped would offer a new fishing base for cod. In 1481, Jay and Croft outfitted two more ships, the Trinity and the George. No record exists of the result of this enterprise. Croft and Jay were as silent as the Basques. They made no announcement of the discovery of Hy-Brasil, and history has written off the voyage as a failure. But they did find enough cod so that in 1490, when the Hanseatic League offered to negotiate to reopen the Iceland trade, Croft and Jay simply weren't interested anymore.

    Where was their cod coming from? It arrived in Bristol dried, and drying cannot be done on a ship deck. Since their ships sailed out of the Bristol Channel and traveled far west of Ireland and there was no land for drying fish west of Ireland--Jay had still not found Hy-Brasil--it was suppposed that Croft and Jay were buying the fish somewhere. Since it was illegal for a customs official to engage in foreign trade, Croft was prosecuted. Claiming that he had gotten the cod far out in the Atlantic, he was acquitted without any secrets being revealed.

    To the glee of the British press, a letter has recently been discovered. The letter had been sent to Christopher Columbus, a decade after the Croft affair in Bristol, while Columbus was taking bows for his discovery of America. The letter, from Bristol merchants, alleged that he knew perfectly well that they had been to America already. It is not known if Columbus ever replied. He didn't need to. Fishermen were keeping their secrets, while explorers were telling the world. Columbus had claimed the entire new world for Spain.

    Then, in 1497, five years after Columbus first stumbled across the Caribbean while searching for a westward route to the spice-producing lands of Asia, Giovanni Caboto sailed from Bristol, not in search of the Bristol secret but in the hopes of finding the route to Asia that Columbus had missed. Caboto was a Genovese who is remembered by the English name John Cabot, because he undertook this voyage for Henry VII of England. The English, being in the North, were far from the spice route and so paid exceptionally high prices for spices. Cabot reasoned correctly that the British Crown and the Bristol merchants would be willing to finance a search for a northern spice route. In June, after only thirty-five days at sea, Cabot found land, though it wasn't Asia. It was a vast, rocky coastline that was ideal for salting and drying fish, by a sea that was teeming with cod. Cabot reported on the cod as evidence of the wealth of this new land, New Found Land, which he claimed for England. Thirty-seven years later, Jacques Cartier arrived, was credited with "discovering" the mouth of the St. Lawrence, planted a cross on the Gaspe Peninsula, and claimed it all for France. He also noted the presence of 1,000 Basque fishing vessels. But the Basques, wanting to keep a good secret, had never claimed it for anyone.

    The codfish lays a thousand eggs
    The homely hen lays one.
    The codfish never cackles
    To tell you what she's done.
    And so we scorn the codfish
    While the humble hen we prize
    Which only goes to show you
    That it pays to advertise.
    --anonymous American rhyme


  • I'm having lunch w/ President and First Lady on Tuesday!

    06/05/2006 10:42:41 AM PDT · 245 of 247
    Kevin OMalley to chris_in_nj

    Bump for later reading.

  • Grace O'Malley: Pirate Queen of Connacht (1530-1603)

    03/25/2006 11:01:03 PM PST · 13 of 14
    Kevin OMalley to Palladin

    I think that part was true, or at least one reads about it in the non-fiction side of the library.

    The story of Grace is so interesting that I'm surprised Hollywood hasn't picked up on it. It's got many of the elements they look for: fighting against the social norms & superpowers of the day, action, women in battle (think Jennifer Garner), early historical evidences of feminist outlook, musical accompaniment (there are songs sung in Irish bars even today about Grace O'Malley) possibilities for sequels/spinoffs & merchandising, even precedence -- Mulan was quite successful.

  • THE BEST POSSIBLE NEWS - Stedman Bible Study #9 in the Gospel of John

    03/25/2006 10:45:35 PM PST · 6 of 7
    Kevin OMalley to P-Marlowe; CAPMarineTet68

    Thanks for the ping.


    This might be something you'd be interested in, CAP...

  • This is just a drill: Thanks to John McCain, Free Republic will shut down tomorrow at high noon for

    03/25/2006 6:11:56 PM PST · 1,210 of 1,257
    Kevin OMalley to Jim Robinson; Susannah

    When the Free Republic server went down this morning, it was the first time in my 8 years of freeping that I thought it might actually be due to some political pressure or perhaps as a form of protest due to this particular thread.

    Thanks, Susannah for your post that points out one of the mirror sites. It was one of only 2 hits on Google for "Freerepublic.com is down" -- and that was the first time I've felt it necessary to go elsewhere to post political commentary.

    Keep up the good work, both of you.




    "Oh, Susannah, please don't cry for me... for I'm off to Free Republic with a banjo on my knee."


    I come from Alabama with my banjo on my knee;
    I'm goin' to Free Republic my true love for to see.
    It rained all night the day I left,
    the weather it was dry;
    The sun so hot I froze to death,
    Susanna don't you cry.

    Oh! Susanna, don't you cry for me;
    I come from Alabama,
    with my banjo on my knee.

    I had a dream the other night,
    When everything was still;
    I thought I saw Susanna dear,
    A-coming down the hill.
    The buckwheat cake was in her mouth,
    The tear was in her eye,
    Said I, I'm coming from the south,
    Susanna don't you cry.

    Oh! Susanna, don't you cry for me;
    I come from Alabama,
    with my banjo on my knee.

    I soon will be in New Orleans,
    And then I'll look all 'round,
    And when I find Susanna,
    I'll fall upon the ground.
    But if I do not find her,
    This darkey'll surely die,
    And when I'm dead and buried,
    Susanna don't you cry.

    Oh! Susanna, don't you cry for me;
    I'm off to Free Republic with a banjo on my knee.



    http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1227985/posts




    To: ApesForEvolution; SteveMcKing
    When freerepublic.com is down, for whatever reason, head to the following yahoo group where freepers communicate:


    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/freerepublic2/

    *suggest you bookmark the link!




    20 posted on 09/26/2004 11:25:57 PM PDT by Susannah (What's less united than the USA during war? > the UN !)

  • Ex-union official's plea claims psychotic bouts

    03/19/2006 6:31:22 PM PST · 13 of 13
    Kevin OMalley to CAPMarineTet68

    Hey, CAP:

    It's a pleasure to welcome you to Free Republic.

    God Loves You. Keep up the good work.

  • Grace O'Malley: Pirate Queen of Connacht (1530-1603)

    03/07/2006 9:26:39 PM PST · 9 of 14
    Kevin OMalley to Betis70; SunkenCiv

    Thanks, both of you. Perfect timing for St. Patrick's day and my daughter, Grace O'Malley, who will be "top banana" in her kindergarten class during this time. A little living Irish History.

  • Who Were the Greatest Military Commanders (Of All Time) ?

    12/22/2005 3:30:07 PM PST · 685 of 748
    Kevin OMalley to Strategerist; Senator Pardek

    Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne, and I have founded empires.  But on what did we rest the creations of our genius?  Upon force.  Jesus Christ founded his empire upon love; and at this hour millions of men would die for him.  ~Napoleon Bonaparte

  • Jihad- an integral part of Islam (An absolute, critical MUST READ: know thy enemy)

    12/21/2005 1:27:04 PM PST · 67 of 67
    Kevin OMalley to sageb1

    No sarcasm, just intended ironic humor which you didn't apprehend. Click on my screenname for background.

    p.s. you might want to read my tagline as well.

  • Jihad- an integral part of Islam (An absolute, critical MUST READ: know thy enemy)

    12/18/2005 9:53:25 PM PST · 56 of 67
    Kevin OMalley to sageb1

    If you join our club, you might hold the record for Longest Login Loss or somesuch thing.

  • Military History Ping List (New)

    12/16/2005 7:37:39 PM PST · 70 of 91
    Kevin OMalley to indcons

    Cool. Please add me to the list.

  • Israel readies forces for strike on nuclear Iran

    12/10/2005 9:22:01 PM PST · 163 of 315
    Kevin OMalley to Brad from Tennessee

    I agree. Here are 2 of my posts on prior threads that propose one approach to the issue.






    Kurds drift toward autonomy, away from Iraq's daily violence

    Posted by Kevin OMalley to Camerican
    On News/Activism 01/03/2005 1:51:59 PM PST · 7 of 7


    I thought it would be cool for us to set up security for the Kurds on their southern border with Iraq, rewarding them for their bravery in defying Saddam Hussein. We put in some military bases there for, say, 20 years as part of the occupation of Iraq in their transition to democracy. We guarantee the autonomy of Iraqi Kurdistan as long as they don't engage with Turkey. But that doesn't say anything about engaging with Iranian Kurdistan. Within those 20 years the Kurds could have a secure and independent nation with expanding borders into Iran. After we close down the US bases, Kurdistan is on her own. But at least Kurdistan would be an independent nation with about half its territory carved out of Persia. If Turkey doesn't relinquish her claim on Turkish Kurdistan after that, it isn't our problem, it's 2 of our allies fighting each other, one for independence and the other for regional primacy. I support democratic independence over a bullying arrogant minority.







    Armed Kurds fomenting unrest in Iran pose security threat to Tehran

    Posted by Kevin OMalley to F14 Pilot
    On News/Activism 08/29/2005 4:18:19 PM PDT · 16 of 17


    The kurds are the closest thing we have to friends in that area. They fought against Saddam (got nerve-gassed), they're fighting against Iran, they squabble with our so-called ally Turkey (who didn't allow Americans to operate in the north of Iraq this time around).

    It's time for them to have their own country. They deserve it. They carve Kurdistan out of northern Iraq, northern Iran, and eastern Turkey. If Turkey gets angry, we let them know that there are consequences to turning your back on your "friend".

  • Just Received My Appointment As Board Member of the Selective Service (Vanity)

    11/24/2005 3:35:11 PM PST · 89 of 90
    Kevin OMalley to Archangelsk

    My hope is that you clean up this ridiculous hole in the system. Posted on a prior thread:

    http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1347418/posts

    To: RockinRye
    I have a Kafkaesque experience with this nightmare bureaucracy. I fulfilled my obligation to register for the draft when I was a teenager, but I do not have any evidence of it, I just didn't think about that part. When I tried to apply for loans during school, I was told that I wasn't registered for the draft. No problem, I'll just register. They told me I was too OLD to register for the draft. I was consequently never able to prove that I fulfilled the requirements and I never got any school loans. I probably will never get a guvmint job.

    I agree with Reagan that we should have an all-volunteer army except in times of declared war. And I also agree that this is a sexist policy because women are not required to register. But the thing that really bites is that a person should be allowed to re-register if the paperwork gets "lost".



    40 posted on 02/21/2005 4:02:52 PM PST by Kevin OMalley (No, not Freeper#95235, Freeper #1165: Charter member, What Was My Login Club.)

  • Clare Places: Islands: Mutton Island or Enniskerry (9th century catastrophe in Ireland)

    11/19/2005 7:23:03 PM PST · 34 of 47
    Kevin OMalley to Irish_Thatcherite

    Probably not, other than being from the same clan of O'Malleys in that part of the country. That didn't stop me from naming my daughter Grace... Of course, we keep telling her she's named after the same thing that Grace was named after: the Grace of God.

  • Clare Places: Islands: Mutton Island or Enniskerry (9th century catastrophe in Ireland)

    11/19/2005 10:45:04 AM PST · 28 of 47
    Kevin OMalley to ApplegateRanch
    That's near Clare Island, old stomping grounds of the famous female Irish smuggler/pirate/privateer Grace O'Malley. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_O'Malley Grace O'Malley From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Grace O' Malley (Irish name Gráinne Ní Mháille, also known as Gráinne Mhaol or Granuaile (a corruption of the Gaelic Gráinne Mhaol)) (c. 1530 -c.1603) is an important figure in Irish legend but was in fact a larger than life figure from 16th century Irish history. Clare Island, associated with Grace O' MalleyContents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Marriage to O' Flaherty 3 Second marriage 4 Attack from Galway 5 Later life 6 Fictional portrayals 7 External links 8 Reference [edit] Early life Grace was born into early 16th century Ireland, when Henry VIII was on the throne of England. Under the policies of the English government at the time, the semi-autonomous Irish princes and lords were left mostly to their own devices. Grace was the daughter of Owen Dubhdarra O' Malley, chieftain of the O'Malley clan. The O' Malleys controlled most of what is now the barony of Murrisk in South-West County Mayo and recognised as their nominal overlords the gaelicised anglo-norman Burke or de Burgo family who controlled much of what is now that county. Unusually among the Irish nobility of the time, the O' Malleys were a great seafaring family and taxed all those who fished off their coasts, which included fishermen from as far away as England. Their leader bore the ancient Irish title of The O' Malley. According to Irish legend, as a young girl Grace wished to go on a trading expedition to Spain with her father, and on being told she could not, cut off her hair to embarrass her father into taking her, and thus earning her the nickname "Gráinne Mhaol" (IPA: /ˈgrɑːnʲə veːl/) (Irish maol meaning "bald" or having cropped hair); the name stuck. [edit] Marriage to O' Flaherty Grace was married in 1546 at a young age to Donal An-Chogaidh (Donal of the Batttles) O' Flaherty, tánaist or heir to the O' Flaherty title. Grace bore three children during this marriage. Later the warlike Donal was killed in battle, and Grace recaptured a castle from the Joyces that had been his (now Hen's Castle in Lough Corrib). Grace afterwards returned to Mayo and took up residence at the family castle or tower-house on Clare Island. [edit] Second marriage Grace later married a second time to Richard "Iron Dick" Burke, owner of Rockfleet Castle near Newport. According to tradition they married under Brehon law 'for one year certain', and it is said that when the year was up Grace divorced Richard and kept the castle. It remained for centuries in the O' Malley family and is today open to the public. They had one son, Tibbot Burke nicknamed Tiobóid na Long (Tibbot of the Ships). The meeting of Grace O'Malley and Queen Elizabeth I[edit] Attack from Galway Grace engaged in piracy and her castle at Rockfleet was attacked by an expedition from Galway who wanted to get rid of her. Grace, however, put them to flight and they barely escaped. Later Grace was captured but released some time later. [edit] Later life In the later 16th century English power steadily increased in Ireland and Grace's power was steadily encroached upon. Finally, when two of her sons and her brother were taken captive by a local English ruler, Granuaile sailed to England to petition Elizabeth I of England for their release. The petition was granted, and Granuaile returned to her former ways, though nominally directing her raids against "enemies of England". She died in Rockfleet around 1603. [edit] Fictional portrayals Granuaile's adventurous life has inspired musicians, novelists and playwrights to create works based on her life. The latest artistic project inspired by Granuaile is the upcoming musical play The Pirate Queen by Alain Boublil, Claude-Michel Schönberg and John Dempsey, which will debut at Chicago's Cadillac Palace Theatre in fall 2006. [edit] External links Renaissance-central.com [1] Granuaile O'Malley Web Resources [2] Rootsweb.com [[3]] legends.dm.net[4] Granuaile story and poem The song where Grace O'Malley is celebrated, Óró 'Sé Do Bheatha 'Bhaile Official site for The Pirate Queen musical [edit] Reference Judith Cook, Pirate Queen, the life of Grace O'Malley 1530-1603, 2004, Mercier Press, Cork, ISBN 1-85635-443-1 Patricia Lynch, Orla of Burren (1954), 1970, Knight Books, Brockhampton Press Ltd., Leicester SBN 340 03990 6 (children's literature, historical novel) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_O%27Malley" Categories: 1530 births | 1603 deaths | Women in war |
  • Power companies enter broadband market (very interesting)

    10/17/2005 3:30:56 PM PDT · 81 of 110
    Kevin OMalley to rawhide

    bump for later reading

  • The Deformed Theology of Seeker Sensitivity

    10/15/2005 9:45:12 AM PDT · 9 of 32
    Kevin OMalley to Gamecock

    read later bump

  • College football discussion: Will 4 or 5 undefeated teams finally force a playoff system?

    10/15/2005 9:43:01 AM PDT · 17 of 21
    Kevin OMalley to ken5050

    This system has long been due for a major overhaul. Very high DUH factor.

  • From the NSA Website: The Venona Story

    10/15/2005 9:27:12 AM PDT · 3 of 19
    Kevin OMalley to ckilmer

    Bump for later reading. Too much to read for now.

  • UC Santa Barbara guide urges return to student radicalism

    10/10/2005 9:51:03 PM PDT · 55 of 56
    Kevin OMalley to RKV; LS

    I'm a UCSB alum as well. It was fascinating to surf the internet from one of the first 4 nodes ever put on it -- in engineering 1.

    UCSB will become a top notch school by virtue of its weather. When I went there, my professors had the world's fastest BJT, world's fastest and smallest diode, world's smallest (and probably fastest) FET, my TA developed the first blue laser in North America, and the lab I worked in had the most advanced VCSELs. All of those professors were world class, could teach anywhere and chose Santa Barbara because of how nice it was. If you could have a $50million lab & teach anywhere in the world, would you live in Chicago? Detroit? Taipei? New York?