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America 'discovered by Stone Age hunters from Europe'
Belfast Telegraph ^ | 28 Feb 2012 | David Keys

Posted on 02/28/2012 7:44:29 PM PST by Theoria

New archaeological evidence suggests that America was first discovered by Stone Age people from Europe – 10,000 years before the Siberian-originating ancestors of the American Indians set foot in the New World.

A remarkable series of several dozen European-style stone tools, dating back between 19,000 and 26,000 years, have been discovered at six locations along the US east coast. Three of the sites are on the Delmarva Peninsular in Maryland, discovered by archaeologist Dr Darrin Lowery of the University of Delaware. One is in Pennsylvania and another in Virginia. A sixth was discovered by scallop-dredging fishermen on the seabed 60 miles from the Virginian coast on what, in prehistoric times, would have been dry land.

The new discoveries are among the most important archaeological breakthroughs for several decades - and are set to add substantially to our understanding of humanity's spread around the globe.

The similarity between other later east coast US and European Stone Age stone tool technologies has been noted before. But all the US European-style tools, unearthed before the discovery or dating of the recently found or dated US east coast sites, were from around 15,000 years ago - long after Stone Age Europeans (the Solutrean cultures of France and Iberia) had ceased making such artefacts. Most archaeologists had therefore rejected any possibility of a connection. But the newly-discovered and recently-dated early Maryland and other US east coast Stone Age tools are from between 26,000 and 19,000 years ago - and are therefore contemporary with the virtually identical western European material.

What’s more, chemical analysis carried out last year on a European-style stone knife found in Virginia back in 1971 revealed that it was made of French-originating flint.

Professor Dennis Stanford, of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC, and Professor Bruce Bradley of the University of Exeter, the two leading archaeologists who have analysed all the evidence, are proposing that Stone Age people from Western Europe migrated to North America at the height of the Ice Age by travelling (over the ice surface and/or by boat) along the edge of the frozen northern part of the Atlantic. They are presenting their detailed evidence in a new book - Across Atlantic Ice – published this month.

At the peak of the Ice Age, around three million square miles of the North Atlantic was covered in thick ice for all or part of the year.

However, the seasonally shifting zone where the ice ended and the open ocean began would have been extremely rich in food resources – migrating seals, sea birds, fish and the now-extinct northern hemisphere penguin-like species, the great auk.

Stanford and Bradley have long argued that Stone Age humans were quite capable of making the 1500 mile journey across the Atlantic ice - but till now there was comparatively little evidence to support their thinking.

But the new Maryland, Virginia and other US east coast material, and the chemical tests on the Virginian flint knife, have begun to transform the situation. Now archaeologists are starting to investigate half a dozen new sites in Tennessee, Maryland and even Texas – and these locations are expected to produce more evidence.

Another key argument for Stanford and Bradley’s proposal is the complete absence of any human activity in north-east Siberia and Alaska prior to around 15,500 years ago. If the Maryland and other east coast people of 26,000 to 19,000 years ago had come from Asia, not Europe, early material, dating from before 19,000 years ago, should have turned up in those two northern areas, but none have been found.

Although Solutrean Europeans may well have been the first Americans, they had a major disadvantage compared to the Asian-originating Indians who entered the New World via the Bering Straits or along the Aleutian Islands chain after 15,500 years ago.

Whereas the Solutreans had only had a 4500 year long ‘Ice Age’ window to carry out their migratory activity, the Asian-originating Indians had some 15,000 years to do it. What’s more, the latter two-thirds of that 15 millennia long period was climatologically much more favourable and substantially larger numbers of Asians were therefore able to migrate.

As a result of these factors the Solutrean (European originating) Native Americans were either partly absorbed by the newcomers or were substantially obliterated by them either physically or through competition for resources.

Some genetic markers for Stone Age western Europeans simply don’t exist in north- east Asia – but they do in tiny quantities among some north American Indian groups. Scientific tests on ancient DNA extracted from 8000 year old skeletons from Florida have revealed a high level of a key probable European-originating genetic marker. There are also a tiny number of isolated Native American groups whose languages appear not to be related in any way to Asian-originating American Indian peoples.

But the greatest amount of evidence is likely to come from under the ocean – for most of the areas where the Solutreans would have stepped off the Ice onto dry land are now up to 100 miles out to sea.

The one underwater site that has been identified - thanks to the scallop dredgers – is set to be examined in greater detail this summer – either by extreme-depth divers or by remotely operated mini submarines equipped with cameras and grab arms.


TOPICS: Books/Literature; History
KEYWORDS: acrossatlanticice; atlantic; brucebradley; clovis; dennisstanford; europe; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; preclovis; precolumbian; solutrean; solutreans
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Solutrean hypothesis


1 posted on 02/28/2012 7:44:32 PM PST by Theoria
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To: SunkenCiv

‘Native’.....ping.


2 posted on 02/28/2012 7:45:21 PM PST by Theoria (Rush Limbaugh: Ron Paul sounds like an Islamic terrorist)
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To: Theoria

So, there is no such thing as a native American.


3 posted on 02/28/2012 7:46:35 PM PST by ReneeLynn (Socialism is SO yesterday. Fascism, it's the new black. Mmm mmm mmm...)
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To: Theoria

New “Native Americans?”


4 posted on 02/28/2012 7:47:53 PM PST by luvbach1 (Stop the destruction in 2012 or continue the decline)
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To: Theoria

Cool! Can we knock off the bogus “native American” BS now?


5 posted on 02/28/2012 7:49:07 PM PST by FlingWingFlyer (It's time for the DemocRAT voter base to start paying their "fair share" of taxes.)
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To: Theoria

The Native American’s Native American......from Europe.


6 posted on 02/28/2012 7:51:24 PM PST by Post Toasties (Leftists give insanity a bad name. 0bama: Four years of failure and fingerpointing.)
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To: Theoria
Thank you ~ 25,000 years ~ the PEAK ICE occurred just 20,000 years back, and by 14,000 years it was gone.

No doubt that situation affected the timing of European arrivals ~ some before the peak and some after ~ and one devil of a time surviving here DURING the peak.

I didn't know the Sa'ami barcode had been found in Florida DNA ~

7 posted on 02/28/2012 7:52:42 PM PST by muawiyah
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To: Theoria

8 posted on 02/28/2012 7:58:33 PM PST by garjog
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To: Theoria
Read quickly through the Wiki site ~ it'll need to be updated. Two of the more troublesome details that pretty well demolish the anti-Solutrean hypothesis is that one of the major "groups" in Siberia ~ that which circles around the Yakuts in Western Siberia ~ actually has some Sa'ami background from the Ice Age.

Even though the barcode (what I call it) shows up later in America, it shows up all over North America and not at all in South America.

That peculiarity can be explained if and only if none of the Yakuts made it to Alaska! All the rest of the Amerindian background would arrive later by boat from Philippines, Japan, China, Australia, Viet Nam, and even from Eastern Siberia.

I think the ancestors of the Yakuts were away at the time making one of their hundreds of migrations South to India (opening up a paleolithic Eastern access from what became the Silk Road).

9 posted on 02/28/2012 8:04:40 PM PST by muawiyah
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To: muawiyah
The Atlantic crossing or similar movement can easily be seen with the The Saqqaq[Paleo-Eskimo], from Greenland; their closest living relatives are the Chukchis, people who live at the easternmost tip of Siberia..

Amazing stuff. Otzi the Iceman genome is out. Found in the border mountains of N. Italy and Austria. The closest relatives are from the Island of Sardinia.

10 posted on 02/28/2012 8:18:44 PM PST by Theoria (Rush Limbaugh: Ron Paul sounds like an Islamic terrorist)
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To: Theoria

Stefanson lived on the ice of the Beaufort Sea continuously for three years. Freuchen crossed from Greenland to Canada on the ice.

I’m sure that stone age seal hunters with dogs could have made it even if 90% of them perished on the way.


11 posted on 02/28/2012 8:24:26 PM PST by darth
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To: garjog



12 posted on 02/28/2012 8:29:58 PM PST by campaignPete R-CT (and I went to southern Maine to campaign against MITT.)
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To: Theoria
Time for reparations. Maybe start by getting the $24.00 back.

13 posted on 02/28/2012 8:34:15 PM PST by I see my hands (It's time to.. KICK OUT THE JAMS, MOTHER FREEPERS!)
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To: Southside_Chicago_Republican

Later


14 posted on 02/28/2012 8:41:42 PM PST by Southside_Chicago_Republican
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To: Theoria

later


15 posted on 02/28/2012 8:47:33 PM PST by Ditter
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To: Theoria

btt-later


16 posted on 02/28/2012 9:05:40 PM PST by Noob1999 (Loose Lips, Sink Ships)
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To: Theoria
A 2003 article by Sanford:

Immigrants From The Other Side (Clovis Is Solutrean?)

" Scientific tests on ancient DNA extracted from 8000 year old skeletons from Florida have revealed a high level of a key probable European-originating genetic marker. There are also a tiny number of isolated Native American groups whose languages appear not to be related in any way to Asian-originating American Indian peoples. "

Bye, Bye Beringia (8,000 Year Old Site In Florida)

"*90 intact human brains that include the oldest DNA samples in the World."

Iberia, Not Siberia

17 posted on 02/28/2012 9:22:23 PM PST by blam
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To: Theoria
"Amazing stuff. Otzi the Iceman genome is out. Found in the border mountains of N. Italy and Austria. The closest relatives are from the Island of Sardinia. "

Excellent reading, thanks.

Ancient DNA

18 posted on 02/28/2012 9:30:39 PM PST by blam
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To: Theoria; blam; Fred Nerks; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Thanks Theoria.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


19 posted on 02/29/2012 4:32:56 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
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To: muawiyah; SunkenCiv

Have you read Dale Drinnon’s recent blogs on “Migration of the Uralic Peoples”?

http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2012/01/more-on-uralics-part-1.html

http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/03/megalith-builders-red-paint-people-and.html

http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/search/label/Uralic%20Languages

http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/search/label/Solutrean%20Crossing


20 posted on 02/29/2012 5:22:45 AM PST by Renfield (Turning apples into venison since 1999!)
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