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Research Casts New Light On History Of North America
Newswise ^ | 7-1-2008 | Valparaiso University

Posted on 07/01/2008 10:26:26 AM PDT by blam

Research Casts New Light on History of North America

Research by a Valparaiso University geography professor and his students lends support to evidence the first humans to settle the Americas came from Europe, rather than crossing a Bering Strait land-ice bridge. Valparaiso’s research shows the Kankakee Sand Islands – a series of hundreds of small dunes in the Kankakee River area of Northwest Indiana and northeastern Illinois – were created 14,500 to 15,000 years ago and that the region could not have been covered by ice as previously thought.

Newswise — Research by a Valparaiso University geography professor and his students on the creation of Kankakee Sand Islands of Northwest Indiana is lending support to evidence that the first humans to settle the Americas came from Europe, a discovery that overturns decades of classroom lessons that nomadic tribes from Asia crossed a Bering Strait land-ice bridge. Valparaiso is a member of the Council on Undergraduate Research.

Dr. Ron Janke began studying the origins of the Kankakee Sand Islands – a series of hundreds of small, moon-shaped dunes that stretch from the southern tips of Lake and Porter counties in Northwest Indiana into northeastern Illinois – about 12 years ago. Over the past few years, approximately a dozen Valparaiso undergraduates have worked with Dr. Janke to create the first detailed maps of the Kankakee Sand Islands, study their composition and survey wildlife and plants inhabiting the islands.

Based upon the long-held belief that most of the upper Midwest was covered by a vast ice sheet up until about 10,000 years ago, Dr. Janke said he and other scientists surmised the Kankakee Sand Islands were created by sand in meltwater from the receding glacier.

That belief was challenged, however, when he and his students discovered a year and a half ago that the islands were composed of sand that had come from Lake Michigan – something that should have been impossible with the Valparaiso Moraine standing between the lake and the Kankakee Sand Islands.

“That created a lot of problems with what we had previously believed about ice covering this entire area,” Dr. Janke said. “How could it get over the Valparaiso Moraine and be deposited there?”

Figuring out that puzzle required taking core samples from some of the remaining islands and the development of a new test by one of Dr. Janke’s colleagues to determine when sunlight last shone on the sand.

The answer that came back – the Kankakee Sand Islands were born between 14,500 and 15,000 years ago from Lake Michigan sand – was startling.

“We thought the area was completely covered by ice at that time,” Dr. Janke said. “That was a really earth-shattering result for us.”

Yet it also supports research showing that North American Clovis points – a particular type of arrowhead that represents the oldest manmade object on the continent –identically match arrowheads found in Europe and made by humans at approximately the same time. And just within the last year, new research has provided strong evidence that a large meteorite struck the ice sheet covering North American and melted much of the ice shortly before the formation of the Kankakee Sand Islands.

“Our research at Valparaiso supports this other recent research because it indicates there wasn’t a massive ice sheet covering North America that would have allowed tribes to cross over from Asia via a Bering Strait land-ice bridge,” Dr. Janke said.

Dr. Janke’s research on the formation of the Kankakee Sand Islands is continuing this summer, with a focus on determining whether the islands closest to Lake Michigan are younger than the southernmost islands.

At one time, approximately 1,200 of the islands stretched out in a series of curved bands north and and south of the Kankakee River that are separated by a few miles and mirror the southern tip of Lake Michigan. Though many were destroyed by human settlement, about 700 still exist today.

Dr. Janke and his students also have been active in the Woodland Savanna Land Conservancy, an organization working to protect the Kankakee Sand Islands.

Scott Osthus, a recent graduate who worked with Dr. Janke to map the Kankakee Sand Islands and support their preservation, enjoyed being involved in the research effort.

“During my four years at Valparaiso, I saw how interesting and significant the Kankakee Sand Islands landscape is,” Osthus said. “I want to see this area preserved because it is so historically significant.”

Landowners have donated a handful of islands to the trust for preservation, and Dr. Janke is hopeful that others will follow their lead and perhaps eventually build enough support for some of the islands to be incorporated into Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore or their own state park.

“The Kankakee Sand Islands are archaeologically significant, with numerous Native American artifacts and burial grounds still present in the surviving islands, and they provide crucial habitat for native wildlife and plant species,” Dr. Janke said. “I’m hopefully the sand islands can be protected so we can continue to learn about and appreciate them.”


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: america; godsgravesglyphs; indians; north; research

1 posted on 07/01/2008 10:26:26 AM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv; Red Badger
GGG Ping.

Thanks to Red Badger for the article.

2 posted on 07/01/2008 10:27:45 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam

So does this make them “indians”?


3 posted on 07/01/2008 10:29:09 AM PDT by swmobuffalo ("We didn't seek the approval of Code Pink and MoveOn.org before deciding what to do")
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To: blam

When to stop laughing. America is the oldest continent and everyplace else was populated from here. America’s old stuff is twice as old as the Old World’s old stuff. Horses, camels, people, and turkeys.


4 posted on 07/01/2008 10:30:59 AM PDT by RightWhale (I will veto each and every beer)
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To: blam

Guess we could say Columbus was merely “reclaiming his homeland?”


5 posted on 07/01/2008 10:37:34 AM PDT by LS (CNN is the Amtrak of News)
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To: swmobuffalo

No, it makes them (GASP!) Dead White Europeans!..............


6 posted on 07/01/2008 10:42:42 AM PDT by Red Badger (If we drill deep enough, we can reach the Saudi oil fields from THIS side..........)
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To: RightWhale

The ancient Americans rode their camels and horses across the Bering land bridge.........sorta like SUV’s of the day.................


7 posted on 07/01/2008 10:44:06 AM PDT by Red Badger (If we drill deep enough, we can reach the Saudi oil fields from THIS side..........)
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To: blam
Yet it also supports research showing that North American Clovis points – a particular type of arrowhead that represents the oldest manmade object on the continent –identically match arrowheads found in Europe and made by humans at approximately the same time.

That's the part I like..............

8 posted on 07/01/2008 10:45:46 AM PDT by Red Badger (If we drill deep enough, we can reach the Saudi oil fields from THIS side..........)
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To: blam
The first white Americans were descended from Big Foots , or Feet . They then traveled to Europe and Africa to sell cocaine and tobacco .
9 posted on 07/01/2008 10:53:59 AM PDT by kbennkc (For those who have fought for it , freedom has a flavor the protected will never know)
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To: blam

So, when can my European-extraction family and I open our own tribal casino on our extra back lot?


10 posted on 07/01/2008 11:01:20 AM PDT by Gritty (Americans 100 years ago didn't have golf matches. They had shooting matches.- Dave Grossman)
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To: Red Badger
"That's the part I like.............."

You'll like this one then:

Immigrants From The Other Side (Clovis Is Solutrean?)

11 posted on 07/01/2008 11:03:27 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam

Now can I start a casino?


12 posted on 07/01/2008 11:16:24 AM PDT by DManA
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To: Red Badger; blam; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...

· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic ·

 
Gods
Graves
Glyphs
Thanks Red Badger and Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
GGG managers are Blam, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach
 

· Google · Archaeologica · ArchaeoBlog · Archaeology magazine · Biblical Archaeology Society ·
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13 posted on 07/01/2008 12:08:33 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/_________________________Profile updated Friday, May 30, 2008)
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To: blam

This is why “native Americans” hysterically demand to rebury without examination all human remains found. The evidence is now overwhelming that the first Americans were Europeans who sailed here first. The “native Americans” are descended from a much later immigration by foot over the bearing Sea land bridge. Once here they murdered to extinction the earlier settlers. Kind of puts a kink in the whole “native Americans victimized by Europeans” schtick.


14 posted on 07/01/2008 1:22:40 PM PDT by pabianice
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To: pabianice
Vintage Skulls

"The oldest human remains found in the Americas were recently "discovered" in the storeroom of Mexico's National Museum of Anthropology. Found in central Mexico in 1959, the five skulls were radiocarbon dated by a team of researchers from the United Kingdom and Mexico and found to be 13,000 years old. They pre-date the Clovis culture by a couple thousand years, adding to the growing evidence against the Clovis-first model for the first peopling of the Americas.

Of additional significance is the shape of the skulls, which are described as long and narrow, very unlike those of modern Native Americans.

15 posted on 07/01/2008 3:41:43 PM PDT by blam
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To: swmobuffalo
So does this make them “indians”?

Well, no, since Columbus made a mistake when he thought he had reached the rich lands of India in 1492.
16 posted on 09/23/2008 2:33:50 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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To: Red Badger
No, it makes them (GASP!) Dead White Europeans!..............

Not really as 10,000 years ago, the ice age was just about retreating and the races weren't as clearly defined as now. There were the Sub-saharan Bantu and Khoisan people and the Australoids (in Papua New Guinea,Melanesia, Australia) and the Eurasian peoples. The Eurasians weren't clearly defined into Mongoloid and Caucasian groups and there were no "white" groups -- well there still isn't a "white race" -- there are the Caucasians but that also includes Semites (Jews and Arabs) and Dravidians (Tamils) and Aryans (which includes Europeans, Russians, Iranis and Indians).

The entire relationships would have been very close at that time, considering that the world's population would have been about a million odd people or less.
17 posted on 09/23/2008 2:38:19 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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To: Gritty
So, when can my European-extraction family and I open our own tribal casino on our extra back lot?

European tribes were still active until the 9th and 10th centuries (Germanics, DAcians, Slavics, MAgyar, Finno-Baltics, Vikings etc.) and they were only civilised about a millenium ago, thanks to Rome and it's daughter Byzantium.

If your ancestry is any of those above, then you are only about 500 to 600 years close to the tribal nature of native Americans when Europeans landed.

If your ancestry is southern European, i.e Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Greek, then your ancestry is responsible for the civilising of Europe and the Americas but you haven't been part of a "tribe" since circa 500 BC

Finally, even if you are of European extraction, you're most likely not descended from those first settlers who came from the east rather than the west into the Americas. The genes of those settlers would be in those descended from native americans
18 posted on 09/23/2008 2:43:37 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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To: pabianice
This is why “native Americans” hysterically demand to rebury without examination all human remains found. The evidence is now overwhelming that the first Americans were Europeans who sailed here first. The “native Americans” are descended from a much later immigration by foot over the bearing Sea land bridge. Once here they murdered to extinction the earlier settlers. Kind of puts a kink in the whole “native Americans victimized by Europeans” schtick.
Bthat's being hysterical and quite inaccurate.

Who says the first Americans sailed here -- sailing wasn't well known until later. Secondly, there was no such thing as "Europeans" -- both the Mongoloid/Altaic people who the native Americans are supposedly descended from and the present day Europeans come from the same stock of humans who were cut off from Africa and spread over Eurasia. The separation of races happened only later as populations grew and people became less nomadic -- witness the Tocharians living in Xinjiang.

Finally, those peoples who came from the east into the Americas would have been absorbed by the ones coming from the west (or vice-versa) and the present day "native aMericans" would be descended from this mix, hence their differentiation between northern and central americans and south American natives.
19 posted on 09/23/2008 2:55:35 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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To: Cronos

It seems that this entire subject is now in a complete state of confusion, chronology is in great doubt, and the ethnic origins of America are virtually totally conjecture. I will hold off on guessing until there is more widely accepted data.


20 posted on 09/23/2008 3:34:01 AM PDT by Lucius Cornelius Sulla (White Trash for Sarah!)
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To: Cronos

The early Europeans “sailed” here in small boats that hugged the then-huge glacial shelf that ran from Portugal and Spain to Canada, with stops along the way at the islands in between. They never went to sea, but the boats allowed rapid travel following game. Their arrival in northern North America was thousands of land miles from Mexico and Central America, a distance that would have taken thousands of years to migrate over through rough terrain and obstacles. The finding of Clovis Points that mirror Solutrian Points from Spain cannot be a coincidence.


21 posted on 09/23/2008 7:04:11 AM PDT by pabianice
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To: Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Valid -- I said

Who says the first Americans sailed here -- sailing wasn't well known until later. Secondly, there was no such thing as "Europeans" -- both the Mongoloid/Altaic people who the native Americans are supposedly descended from and the present day Europeans come from the same stock of humans who were cut off from Africa and spread over Eurasia. The separation of races happened only later as populations grew and people became less nomadic -- witness the Tocharians living in Xinjiang.

This only disproves any notion of people Sailing across and also points out that people from the east and west of the Eurasian continent are pretty close relatives, hence whichever way the first Americans came from, they would be closely related to both sides. And finally, there is no definite idea of a European dating back to 10,000 BC as at that time even Indo-Europeans were living in Anatolia-Central Asia-NorthWest India.

Finally, those peoples who came from the east into the Americas would have been absorbed by the ones coming from the west (or vice-versa) and the present day "native aMericans" would be descended from this mix, hence their differentiation between northern and central americans and south American natives.

This paragraph states that even if there was a migration from the east into the Americas, those people would have been assimilated -- case in point, look at turkmenistan or Azebaijan or Uzbekistan. Those people now sport Turkic languages but their genetic heritage and culture is largely Irani as the Iranis were once over all of that "greater iran"
22 posted on 09/24/2008 6:08:17 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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To: pabianice

Well, in 10,000 BC there were no “Europeans” — those people would be just a few centuries off from when East-Asians like the Altaics/Mongoloids would have split off from the Caucasians.


23 posted on 09/24/2008 6:10:33 AM PDT by Cronos ("Islam isn't in America to be equal to any other faith, but to become dominant" - Omar Ahmed, CAIR)
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