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Neolithic farmers brought deer to Ireland
Past Horizons Archaeology ^ | April 18, 2012 | School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin

Posted on 05/14/2012 3:13:40 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

By comparing DNA from ancient bone specimens to DNA obtained from modern animals, the researchers discovered that the Kerry red deer are the direct descendants of deer present in Ireland 5000 years ago. Further analysis using DNA from European deer proves that Neolithic people from Britain first brought the species to Ireland.

Although proving the red deer is not native to Ireland, researchers believe that the Kerry population is unique as it is directly related to the original herd and are worthy of special conservation status.

Fossil bone samples from the National Museum of Ireland, some up to 30,000 years old, were used in the study. Results also revealed several 19th and 20th century introductions of red deer to Ireland, which are in agreement with written records from the same time. At present there is no evidence of red deer in Ireland during the Mesolithic period, 9000 years ago, when humans first settled there.

The investigation's findings are in agreement with archaeological evidence, which also suggests a special relationship between humans and red deer during later prehistoric times. Antler fragments and tools are frequently found in Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age excavations.

(Excerpt) Read more at pasthorizonspr.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; deer; dna; fartyshadesofgreen; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; huntergatherers; ireland; kerry; kerryreddeer; neolithic; reddeer
Red deer herd. Image: Isfugl (Flickr, used under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Red deer herd. Image: Isfugl (Flickr, used under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

1 posted on 05/14/2012 3:13:54 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


2 posted on 05/14/2012 3:16:17 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv
I wonder if they helped drive the Irish Elk to extinction or were they brought in as a replacement for a Megaloceros that had been over hunted?

Damn you hairy Firbolgs!

3 posted on 05/14/2012 3:26:37 PM PDT by Sirius Lee (When we cease to be good we'll cease to be great. Be for Goode.)
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To: SunkenCiv
I wonder if they helped drive the Irish Elk to extinction or were they brought in as a replacement for a Megaloceros that had been over hunted?

Damn you hairy Firbolgs!

4 posted on 05/14/2012 3:26:46 PM PDT by Sirius Lee (When we cease to be good we'll cease to be great. Be for Goode.)
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To: Sirius Lee

:’)


5 posted on 05/14/2012 3:27:53 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Couldn’t the deer swim over? And if they have written records of people bringing the deer, why did they have to look for fossils?

But, questions aside, they certainly are pretty. THe red coats match the brush — camoflauge.


6 posted on 05/14/2012 3:48:15 PM PDT by afraidfortherepublic
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To: afraidfortherepublic

No, the deer couldn’t swim over, that’s one reason this research was done. There’s nothing in the excerpt or the article about written records from the Irish Neolithic.


7 posted on 05/14/2012 4:10:08 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

No Deer is an Island.

“By about 12000 BC plant cover began to appear in Ireland. For a thousand years, Ireland was a place of open meadows. Possibly still not an island, Ireland begins to take shape about 12,000 to 11,000 radiocarbon years ago (perhaps 11500 to 10000 BC). The following map gives a little more detail of the peninsula that would become the British Isles as the sea levels continued to increase.”

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~irlkik/ihm/ancient.htm


8 posted on 05/14/2012 4:29:46 PM PDT by bunkerhill7 (Red Deer Walkin`?? Who knew?)
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To: bunkerhill7

:’) Thanks bunkerhill7.


9 posted on 05/14/2012 4:36:54 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Neolithic farmers brought deer to Ireland


They didn’t have enough indigenous pests to eat their crops, so had to import?


10 posted on 05/14/2012 4:51:52 PM PDT by ApplegateRanch (Love me, love my guns!©)
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To: ApplegateRanch

:’) Stone Age peoples used to keep wild deer herded up for times when they wanted steaks, and may even have milked ‘em. About 8000 years ago a preceramic cultural group left mainland Near East for Cyprus (that settlement is known, their previous location is unknown) and took mainland species with them, including local deer.


11 posted on 05/14/2012 5:07:21 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv
Ohhhh; so they were herdsmen & ranchers; not farmers! ;-)

Having milked *tame* goats, no way would I try to milk a *wild* deer.

12 posted on 05/14/2012 5:25:37 PM PDT by ApplegateRanch (Love me, love my guns!©)
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